Senior Economic Analyst | Deputy Director of EARN
By Area of Research:
February 9, 2017 | By David Cooper | BlogValentine’s Day is next week, and with it one of their busiest days of the year for America’s restaurant workers. For the servers and bartenders who rely on tips for the bulk of their income, the influx of couples celebrating romance with extravagant meals and expensive bills holds the promise of a nice payout. Unfortunately, for restaurant staff in most states, their windfall may not be as big as it seems
January 24, 2017 | By David Cooper | State Jobs PictureThe December state employment and unemployment data, released today by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, showed that most states ended 2016 in relatively good health.
November 10, 2016 | By David Cooper | Economic SnapshotOn Election Day, majorities of voters in Arizona, Colorado, Maine, and Washington all voted through ballot measures to raise their state minimum wages.
News from EPI › Minimum wage victories will raise wages for more than 2 million workers: Statement from David Cooper
November 9, 2016 | By David Cooper | Press ReleasesYesterday, voters in Arizona, Colorado, and Maine voted to raise their state minimum wages to $12 by 2020. In Washington, voters approved a measure to raise the state minimum wage to $13.50 by 2020.
October 21, 2016 | By David Cooper | Economic IndicatorsMost states continue to add jobs, although a number of states—primarily those heavily dependent on the energy sector—are still showing losses over the past several months and past year.
September 20, 2016 | By David Cooper | State Jobs PictureThe August State and Regional Employment report, released today by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, showed that most states ended the summer with continued modest job growth and mostly stable rates of unemployment.
News from EPI › Halfway through the year, most state labor markets continue at a jog—better to finish at a sprint
August 19, 2016 | By David Cooper | Economic IndicatorsThe July State Employment and Unemployment data, released today by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, paint a similar picture to what we have seen for much of the past year: moderate job growth for the majority of states, with a handful of exceptions scattered throughout the country.
July 25, 2016 | By David Cooper | Economic SnapshotThis week marks the seven-year anniversary of the last time the federal minimum wage was raised, from $6.55 to $7.25 on July 24, 2009.
July 22, 2016 | By David Cooper | State Jobs PictureThe Regional and State Employment and Unemployment Report, released today by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, was generally positive—a nice reversal from the more negative tenor of the last few state jobs reports that suggests the slowdown in job growth in April and May might have only been temporary.
June 15, 2016 | By David Cooper | TestimonyChairman Curran, members of the council, thank you for holding this hearing and allowing me to speak with you today. My name is David Cooper.
May 4, 2016 | By David Cooper | ReportA proposed ballot initiative would gradually raise the District of Columbia’s minimum wage to $15 by mid-2020. It would also ensure tipped workers, such as waiters and bartenders, are eventually paid the full minimum wage, instead of the $2.77 subminimum wage. This proposal would raise wages for 114,000 working people—about 14 percent of all D.C. workers, and over one-fifth of D.C. private-sector workers. Once the minimum wage reaches $15, the average affected worker would earn roughly $2,900 more each year than she does today. Far from the stereotype of low-wage workers being teenagers working to earn spending money, those who would benefit are overwhelmingly adult workers, most of whom come from families of modest means, and many of whom are supporting families of their own.
April 9, 2016 | By David Cooper | AudioEPI’s David Cooper discussed how increases in the minimum wage at state and local levels would affect local economies and businesses and the effect on workers’ standards of living on C-SPAN’s “Washington Journal.”
April 1, 2016 | By David Cooper | AudioEPI’s David Cooper talked with the “PBS NewsHour” about recent legislative initiates by California and New York to raise their state’s minimum wage to $15 per hour.
March 26, 2016 | By David Cooper | AudioIn an interview with the “PBS NewsHour,” EPI’s David Cooper discussed how many workers grapple with poverty rates due to the low federal minimum wage for tipped workers.
February 26, 2016 | By David Cooper | BlogThis November, voters in several states will consider ballot measures to raise their state minimum wages. Because all of the proposals would incrementally phase in the higher minimum wages over a period of several years, it is important to look beyond the headline dollar amounts proposed, and consider what the new minimum wages would equal for someone in today’s economy.
February 18, 2016 | By David Cooper | BlogRaising the federal minimum wage to $12 by 2020 would lift wages for more than 35 million workers nationwide and generate about $17 billion annually in savings to government assistance programs.
February 9, 2016 | By David Cooper | Economic SnapshotThere are 41.2 million working Americans (nearly 30 percent of the workforce) who receive public assistance—and nearly half of these workers (19.3 million) have full-time jobs. Not surprisingly, these workers are concentrated in jobs paying low hourly wages.
February 3, 2016 | By David Cooper | Briefing PaperHigher hourly wages for low- and middle-wage workers, achievable through a variety of labor-market policies, would unambiguously generate savings in government safety-net and income-support programs—savings that could be used to strengthen and expand anti-poverty programs or make critical public investments to boost productivity and grow the economy.
States heavily reliant on the energy sector had a tough year, but most other states finished 2015 heading in the right direction
January 28, 2016 | By David Cooper | State Jobs PictureAll but seven states gained jobs in 2015, and all but eight ended the year with lower unemployment than in December 2014. The states that lost jobs were almost exclusively states where the energy sector plays an outsized role in the state economy and where falling energy prices have led to cutbacks in oil and gas production.
Raising the New York state minimum wage to $15 by July 2021 would lift wages for 3.2 million workers
January 5, 2016 | By David Cooper | Briefing PaperRaising the New York minimum wage in several steps to $15 would restore its value to a level that ensures full-time work is a means to escape poverty—and would provide more than a third of New York’s workers with a long-overdue improvement in their standard of living.
December 18, 2015 | By David Cooper | State Jobs PictureToday’s State Employment and Unemployment report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics shows that the picture of state labor market health in November was the same as it has been for months: stable job growth in most states at a rate strong enough to slowly reduce unemployment or at least keep it from rising.
November 20, 2015 | By David Cooper | State Jobs PictureThe state employment and unemployment figures for October, released today by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, were slightly more encouraging than the previous few months.
Waitstaff and bartenders are less likely to be in poverty when they are paid the regular minimum wage
October 21, 2015 | By David Cooper | Economic SnapshotThe poverty rate among servers and bartenders is dramatically lower in states where they must be paid the regular minimum wage than in states where restaurants can pay a base wage less than the full minimum wage.
October 20, 2015 | By David Cooper | State Jobs PictureThe State Employment and Unemployment Report released today by the Bureau of Labor Statistics showed that job growth in most states has slowed over the past year.
September 22, 2015 | By David Cooper | Economic SnapshotIn 2014, 48.4 million people (or 15.3 percent of the US population) were in poverty, as measured by the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM)—a more sophisticated approach for measuring economic well-being than the official federal poverty line. However, that number would have been significantly higher were it not for government safety-net programs.