Economic Indicators Jobs and unemployment

Every month, the Bureau of Labor Statistics releases a report on the employment situation for the previous month. Their release includes data on job growth, unemployment, and wage growth, which gives us a snapshot of the health of the economy and whether it’s working for ordinary Americans.

Key numbers • October 2019

3.6% National unemployment rate
128,000 Number of new jobs added in October
80.3% Share of prime working-age population with a job
3.0% Average nominal wage growth since October 2018

October 2019

Jobs report: Clearing out the noise in today’s jobs numbers reveals solid job growth and tepid wage growth

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that the U.S. economy added just 128,000 jobs in October. That number was held down, however, by an estimated 46,000 striking workers who were part of the now-resolved GM strike and are back on the job. The October jobs number was also held down by the loss of 20,000 temporary workers hired in preparation for the decennial census. Accounting for these two factors to provide a better sense of underlying trends, jobs grew by 194,000 in October. Even this number may be a slight undercount, because though it accounts for the direct effect of the strike, it does not include any supply chain ripple effects. Next month’s release will provide a clearer picture. Accounting for direct effect of striking workers and temporary Census workers, jobs grew 189,000 on average over the last three months.

This chart provides average monthly job growth in recent years, accounting for striking workers, temporary Census workers, and the preliminary benchmark revisions, which were released in August and affect the 2018 and early 2019 numbers. Considering these factors, average monthly job growth so far in 2019 is 158,000—a slowdown from the 2018 rate of 192,000 per month. However, given that we currently need less than 100,000 jobs per month to break even, (i.e. to keep the unemployment rate from rising as the working-age population grows,) this level of jobs growth is firmly in expansionary territory and, if sustained, will continue to nudge the unemployment rate down. There can be volatility in the unemployment rate month-to-month however, and that is what we saw in October, with the unemployment rate ticking up to 3.6%. The increase, however, was for “good reasons”—people being pulled into the labor market—as the labor force participation rate ticked up one tenth of a percentage point. Note that the GM strike should not have affected the unemployment rate, since BLS treats striking workers as “employed not at work” in the household survey.

One thing worth noting in today’s report is the ongoing weakness in retail. In October, retail grew by 6,100, but remains more than 150,000 jobs below its peak in early 2017. How did seasonal hires affect today’s numbers? In recent years, retailers have added 100,000 seasonal jobs or more in October as they begin to ramp up for the holidays. BLS’s seasonally adjusted numbers account for seasonal hiring, but if there were fewer seasonal hires than expected, that would reduce the number of jobs reported.

Nominal wages grew 3.0% year-over-year in October, which is slower than expected in an economy where the unemployment rate has been at or below 4.0% for the past 20 months. This chart shows that wage growth—which was picking up from late 2017 to late 2018—has been backsliding this year. Today’s jobs report strongly suggests the Federal Reserve has done the right thing by lowering interest rates to help ensure that the recovery, which began more than 10 years ago, is sustained, rather than dying out before many low- and middle-income households get a chance to really feel its benefits.

Charting jobs and unemployment

Monthly change in payroll employment, 2007–2019

date Change in employment
Jan-2007 225
Feb-2007 80
Mar-2007 237
Apr-2007 50
May-2007 152
Jun-2007 76
Jul-2007 -33
Aug-2007 -23
Sep-2007 82
Oct-2007 76
Nov-2007 109
Dec-2007 110
Jan-2008 13
Feb-2008 -82
Mar-2008 -48
Apr-2008 -236
May-2008 -184
Jun-2008 -166
Jul-2008 -198
Aug-2008 -279
Sep-2008 -460
Oct-2008 -481
Nov-2008 -727
Dec-2008 -704
Jan-2009 -783
Feb-2009 -742
Mar-2009 -803
Apr-2009 -694
May-2009 -344
Jun-2009 -465
Jul-2009 -341
Aug-2009 -184
Sep-2009 -242
Oct-2009 -198
Nov-2009 12
Dec-2009 -269
Jan-2010 3
Feb-2010 -92
Mar-2010 180
Apr-2010 237
May-2010 534
Jun-2010 -136
Jul-2010 -88
Aug-2010 -5
Sep-2010 -64
Oct-2010 269
Nov-2010 123
Dec-2010 74
Jan-2011 20
Feb-2011 213
Mar-2011 232
Apr-2011 321
May-2011 95
Jun-2011 235
Jul-2011 61
Aug-2011 122
Sep-2011 236
Oct-2011 204
Nov-2011 132
Dec-2011 204
Jan-2012 355
Feb-2012 262
Mar-2012 238
Apr-2012 83
May-2012 99
Jun-2012 72
Jul-2012 153
Aug-2012 170
Sep-2012 189
Oct-2012 158
Nov-2012 158
Dec-2012 237
Jan-2013 195
Feb-2013 279
Mar-2013 136
Apr-2013 192
May-2013 224
Jun-2013 181
Jul-2013 105
Aug-2013 242
Sep-2013 189
Oct-2013 225
Nov-2013 267
Dec-2013 67
Jan-2014 177
Feb-2014 168
Mar-2014 250
Apr-2014 327
May-2014 221
Jun-2014 324
Jul-2014 227
Aug-2014 188
Sep-2014 311
Oct-2014 258
Nov-2014 286
Dec-2014 269
Jan-2015 213
Feb-2015 248
Mar-2015 77
Apr-2015 300
May-2015 319
Jun-2015 170
Jul-2015 293
Aug-2015 122
Sep-2015 133
Oct-2015 339
Nov-2015 235
Dec-2015 280
Jan-2016 90
Feb-2016 232
Mar-2016 234
Apr-2016 211
May-2016 15
Jun-2016 282
Jul-2016 336
Aug-2016 135
Sep-2016 270
Oct-2016 128
Nov-2016 170
Dec-2016 215
Jan-2017 252
Feb-2017 141
Mar-2017 127
Apr-2017 213
May-2017 128
Jun-2017 229
Jul-2017 204
Aug-2017 187
Sep-2017 18
Oct-2017 260
Nov-2017 220
Dec-2017 174
Jan-2018 171
Feb-2018 330
Mar-2018 182
Apr-2018 196
May-2018 270
Jun-2018 262
Jul-2018 178
Aug-2018 282
Sep-2018 108
Oct-2018 277
Nov-2018 196
Dec-2018 227
Jan-2019 312
Feb-2019 56
Mar-2019 153
Apr-2019 216
May-2019 62
Jun-2019 178
Jul-2019 166
Aug-2019 219
Sep-2019 180
Oct-2019 128

 

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Note: Shaded areas denote recessions.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Employment Statistics public data series

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Nominal wage growth has been far below target in the recovery: Year-over-year change in private-sector nominal average hourly earnings, 2007–2019

Date All nonfarm employees Production/nonsupervisory workers
Mar-2007 3.44% 4.11%
Apr-2007 3.08% 3.79%
May-2007 3.48% 4.14%
Jun-2007 3.56% 4.19%
Jul-2007 3.25% 4.05%
Aug-2007 3.35% 3.98%
Sep-2007 3.14% 4.09%
Oct-2007 3.08% 3.78%
Nov-2007 3.07% 3.83%
Dec-2007 2.97% 3.81%
Jan-2008 2.91% 3.80%
Feb-2008 2.80% 3.79%
Mar-2008 3.04% 3.83%
Apr-2008 2.84% 3.76%
May-2008 3.07% 3.69%
Jun-2008 2.77% 3.56%
Jul-2008 3.05% 3.67%
Aug-2008 3.33% 3.89%
Sep-2008 3.23% 3.64%
Oct-2008 3.27% 3.81%
Nov-2008 3.60% 3.91%
Dec-2008 3.59% 3.90%
Jan-2009 3.63% 3.72%
Feb-2009 3.43% 3.65%
Mar-2009 3.28% 3.47%
Apr-2009 3.42% 3.35%
May-2009 2.93% 3.06%
Jun-2009 2.83% 2.88%
Jul-2009 2.69% 2.71%
Aug-2009 2.44% 2.70%
Sep-2009 2.44% 2.75%
Oct-2009 2.53% 2.68%
Nov-2009 2.19% 2.67%
Dec-2009 1.91% 2.50%
Jan-2010 2.05% 2.66%
Feb-2010 2.09% 2.55%
Mar-2010 1.81% 2.27%
Apr-2010 1.76% 2.38%
May-2010 1.90% 2.59%
Jun-2010 1.76% 2.53%
Jul-2010 1.85% 2.42%
Aug-2010 1.75% 2.36%
Sep-2010 1.84% 2.19%
Oct-2010 1.93% 2.45%
Nov-2010 1.65% 2.13%
Dec-2010 1.79% 2.02%
Jan-2011 1.92% 2.28%
Feb-2011 1.87% 2.06%
Mar-2011 1.87% 2.06%
Apr-2011 1.91% 2.16%
May-2011 2.04% 2.10%
Jun-2011 2.13% 2.05%
Jul-2011 2.30% 2.26%
Aug-2011 1.99% 1.94%
Sep-2011 1.94% 1.99%
Oct-2011 2.07% 1.88%
Nov-2011 2.02% 1.82%
Dec-2011 1.98% 1.77%
Jan-2012 1.71% 1.35%
Feb-2012 1.79% 1.45%
Mar-2012 2.10% 1.76%
Apr-2012 2.09% 1.65%
May-2012 1.78% 1.39%
Jun-2012 2.00% 1.54%
Jul-2012 1.77% 1.44%
Aug-2012 1.86% 1.33%
Sep-2012 2.03% 1.54%
Oct-2012 1.51% 1.18%
Nov-2012 1.90% 1.43%
Dec-2012 2.24% 1.69%
Jan-2013 2.24% 1.84%
Feb-2013 2.15% 2.04%
Mar-2013 1.93% 1.88%
Apr-2013 2.05% 1.83%
May-2013 2.14% 1.93%
Jun-2013 2.13% 2.03%
Jul-2013 2.00% 1.97%
Aug-2013 2.26% 2.23%
Sep-2013 2.04% 2.22%
Oct-2013 2.25% 2.32%
Nov-2013 2.24% 2.37%
Dec-2013 1.85% 2.21%
Jan-2014 1.89% 2.31%
Feb-2014 2.27% 2.55%
Mar-2014 2.10% 2.30%
Apr-2014 1.93% 2.29%
May-2014 2.09% 2.44%
Jun-2014 1.96% 2.24%
Jul-2014 2.04% 2.33%
Aug-2014 2.16% 2.43%
Sep-2014 2.08% 2.22%
Oct-2014 2.03% 2.27%
Nov-2014 2.03% 2.22%
Dec-2014 1.99% 1.92%
Jan-2015 2.19% 2.01%
Feb-2015 1.93% 1.66%
Mar-2015 2.22% 1.95%
Apr-2015 2.26% 2.00%
May-2015 2.34% 2.14%
Jun-2015 2.25% 2.14%
Jul-2015 2.17% 2.04%
Aug-2015 2.20% 1.98%
Sep-2015 2.28% 2.08%
Oct-2015 2.52% 2.37%
Nov-2015 2.43% 2.12%
Dec-2015 2.47% 2.51%
Jan-2016 2.55% 2.40%
Feb-2016 2.42% 2.50%
Mar-2016 2.45% 2.49%
Apr-2016 2.61% 2.58%
May-2016 2.40% 2.33%
Jun-2016 2.60% 2.48%
Jul-2016 2.76% 2.62%
Aug-2016 2.55% 2.51%
Sep-2016 2.63% 2.46%
Oct-2016 2.66% 2.41%
Nov-2016 2.61% 2.50%
Dec-2016 2.65% 2.50%
Jan-2017 2.40% 2.39%
Feb-2017 2.72% 2.34%
Mar-2017 2.55% 2.29%
Apr-2017 2.47% 2.24%
May-2017 2.54% 2.33%
Jun-2017 2.50% 2.32%
Jul-2017 2.57% 2.32%
Aug-2017 2.57% 2.31%
Sep-2017 2.83% 2.59%
Oct-2017 2.32% 2.16%
Nov-2017 2.47% 2.35%
Dec-2017 2.74% 2.48%
Jan-2018 2.81% 2.47%
Feb-2018 2.57% 2.47%
Mar-2018 2.80% 2.74%
Apr-2018 2.79% 2.78%
May-2018 2.94% 2.91%
Jun-2018 2.93% 2.91%
Jul-2018 2.85% 2.85%
Aug-2018 3.18% 3.12%
Sep-2018 2.98% 3.02%
Oct-2018 3.32% 3.25%
Nov-2018 3.31% 3.37%
Dec-2018 3.34% 3.50%
Jan-2019 3.18% 3.35%
Feb-2019 3.40% 3.44%
Mar-2019 3.24% 3.38%
Apr-2019 3.16% 3.33%
May-2019 3.08% 3.36%
Jun-2019 3.18% 3.35%
Jul-2019 3.25% 3.52%
Aug-2019 3.23% 3.51%
Sep-2019 3.00% 3.50%
Oct-2019 3.03% 3.49%
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Nominal wage growth consistent with the Federal Reserve Board’s 2 percent inflation target, 1.5 percent productivity growth, and a stable labor share of income

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Employment Statistics public data series

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Employment-to-population ratio of workers ages 25–54, 1989–2019

date Employment to population ratio
Jan-1989 80%
Feb-1989 79.9
Mar-1989 79.9
Apr-1989 79.8
May-1989 79.8
Jun-1989 79.8
Jul-1989 79.8
Aug-1989 79.9
Sep-1989 80
Oct-1989 79.9
Nov-1989 80.2
Dec-1989 80.1
Jan-1990 80.2
Feb-1990 80.2
Mar-1990 80.1
Apr-1990 79.9
May-1990 79.9
Jun-1990 79.8
Jul-1990 79.6
Aug-1990 79.5
Sep-1990 79.4
Oct-1990 79.4
Nov-1990 79.2
Dec-1990 79
Jan-1991 78.9
Feb-1991 78.9
Mar-1991 78.7
Apr-1991 79
May-1991 78.6
Jun-1991 78.7
Jul-1991 78.6
Aug-1991 78.5
Sep-1991 78.6
Oct-1991 78.5
Nov-1991 78.4
Dec-1991 78.3
Jan-1992 78.4
Feb-1992 78.2
Mar-1992 78.2
Apr-1992 78.4
May-1992 78.4
Jun-1992 78.5
Jul-1992 78.4
Aug-1992 78.4
Sep-1992 78.3
Oct-1992 78.2
Nov-1992 78.2
Dec-1992 78.2
Jan-1993 78.2
Feb-1993 78.1
Mar-1993 78.2
Apr-1993 78.2
May-1993 78.5
Jun-1993 78.6
Jul-1993 78.6
Aug-1993 78.8
Sep-1993 78.6
Oct-1993 78.7
Nov-1993 79
Dec-1993 79
Jan-1994 78.9
Feb-1994 78.9
Mar-1994 78.9
Apr-1994 79
May-1994 79.2
Jun-1994 78.8
Jul-1994 79.1
Aug-1994 79.2
Sep-1994 79.6
Oct-1994 79.6
Nov-1994 79.8
Dec-1994 79.8
Jan-1995 79.7
Feb-1995 80
Mar-1995 79.9
Apr-1995 79.8
May-1995 79.7
Jun-1995 79.5
Jul-1995 79.7
Aug-1995 79.6
Sep-1995 79.8
Oct-1995 79.8
Nov-1995 79.7
Dec-1995 79.7
Jan-1996 79.8
Feb-1996 79.9
Mar-1996 79.9
Apr-1996 79.9
May-1996 80
Jun-1996 80.1
Jul-1996 80.4
Aug-1996 80.5
Sep-1996 80.4
Oct-1996 80.6
Nov-1996 80.5
Dec-1996 80.5
Jan-1997 80.5
Feb-1997 80.4
Mar-1997 80.6
Apr-1997 80.7
May-1997 80.6
Jun-1997 80.9
Jul-1997 81.1
Aug-1997 81.3
Sep-1997 81.1
Oct-1997 81.1
Nov-1997 81
Dec-1997 81
Jan-1998 81
Feb-1998 81
Mar-1998 81
Apr-1998 81.1
May-1998 81
Jun-1998 81
Jul-1998 81.1
Aug-1998 81.2
Sep-1998 81.3
Oct-1998 81.1
Nov-1998 81.2
Dec-1998 81.3
Jan-1999 81.8
Feb-1999 81.5
Mar-1999 81.3
Apr-1999 81.3
May-1999 81.4
Jun-1999 81.4
Jul-1999 81.2
Aug-1999 81.3
Sep-1999 81.3
Oct-1999 81.5
Nov-1999 81.6
Dec-1999 81.5
Jan-2000 81.8
Feb-2000 81.8
Mar-2000 81.7
Apr-2000 81.9 
May-2000 81.5
Jun-2000 81.5
Jul-2000 81.3
Aug-2000 81.1
Sep-2000 81.1
Oct-2000 81.1
Nov-2000 81.3
Dec-2000 81.4
Jan-2001 81.4
Feb-2001 81.3
Mar-2001 81.3
Apr-2001 80.9
May-2001 80.8
Jun-2001 80.6
Jul-2001 80.5
Aug-2001 80.2
Sep-2001 80.2
Oct-2001 79.9
Nov-2001 79.7
Dec-2001 79.8
Jan-2002 79.6
Feb-2002 79.8
Mar-2002 79.6
Apr-2002 79.5
May-2002 79.4
Jun-2002 79.2
Jul-2002 79.1
Aug-2002 79.3
Sep-2002 79.4
Oct-2002 79.2
Nov-2002 78.8
Dec-2002 79
Jan-2003 78.9
Feb-2003 78.9
Mar-2003 79
Apr-2003 79.1
May-2003 78.9
Jun-2003 78.9
Jul-2003 78.8
Aug-2003 78.7
Sep-2003 78.6 
Oct-2003 78.6
Nov-2003 78.7
Dec-2003 78.8
Jan-2004 78.9
Feb-2004 78.8
Mar-2004 78.7
Apr-2004 78.9
May-2004 79
Jun-2004 79.1
Jul-2004 79.2
Aug-2004 79
Sep-2004 79
Oct-2004 79
Nov-2004 79.1
Dec-2004 78.9
Jan-2005 79.2
Feb-2005 79.2
Mar-2005 79.2
Apr-2005 79.4
May-2005 79.5
Jun-2005 79.2
Jul-2005 79.4
Aug-2005 79.6
Sep-2005 79.4
Oct-2005 79.3
Nov-2005 79.2
Dec-2005 79.3
Jan-2006 79.6
Feb-2006 79.7
Mar-2006 79.8
Apr-2006 79.6
May-2006 79.7
Jun-2006 79.8
Jul-2006 79.8
Aug-2006 79.8
Sep-2006 79.9
Oct-2006 80.1
Nov-2006 80
Dec-2006 80.1
Jan-2007 80.3 
Feb-2007 80.1
Mar-2007 80.2
Apr-2007 80
May-2007 80
Jun-2007 79.9
Jul-2007 79.8
Aug-2007 79.8
Sep-2007 79.7
Oct-2007 79.6
Nov-2007 79.7
Dec-2007 79.7
Jan-2008 80
Feb-2008 79.9
Mar-2008 79.8
Apr-2008 79.6
May-2008 79.5
Jun-2008 79.4
Jul-2008 79.2
Aug-2008 78.8
Sep-2008 78.8
Oct-2008 78.4
Nov-2008 78.1
Dec-2008 77.6
Jan-2009 77
Feb-2009 76.7
Mar-2009 76.2
Apr-2009 76.2
May-2009 75.9
Jun-2009 75.9
Jul-2009 75.8
Aug-2009 75.6
Sep-2009 75.1
Oct-2009 75
Nov-2009 75.2
Dec-2009 74.8 
Jan-2010 75.1
Feb-2010 75.1
Mar-2010 75.1
Apr-2010 75.4
May-2010 75.1
Jun-2010 75.2
Jul-2010 75.1
Aug-2010 75
Sep-2010 75.1
Oct-2010 75
Nov-2010 74.8 
Dec-2010 75
Jan-2011 75.2
Feb-2011 75.1
Mar-2011 75.3
Apr-2011 75.1
May-2011 75.2
Jun-2011 75
Jul-2011 75
Aug-2011 75.1
Sep-2011 74.9
Oct-2011 74.9
Nov-2011 75.3
Dec-2011 75.4
Jan-2012 75.5
Feb-2012 75.5
Mar-2012 75.7
Apr-2012 75.7
May-2012 75.7
Jun-2012 75.6
Jul-2012 75.6
Aug-2012 75.7
Sep-2012 76
Oct-2012 76.1
Nov-2012 75.8
Dec-2012 76
Jan-2013 75.6
Feb-2013 75.8
Mar-2013 75.8
Apr-2013 75.8
May-2013 76
Jun-2013 75.9
Jul-2013 76
Aug-2013 76
Sep-2013 76
Oct-2013 75.6
Nov-2013 76.1
Dec-2013 76.1
Jan-2014 76.4
Feb-2014 76.4
Mar-2014 76.5
Apr-2014 76.5
May-2014 76.4
Jun-2014 76.9
Jul-2014 76.7
Aug-2014 76.9
Sep-2014 76.8
Oct-2014 76.9
Nov-2014 76.9
Dec-2014 77.1
Jan-2015 77.1
Feb-2015 77.2
Mar-2015 77.1
Apr-2015 77.2
May-2015 77.2
Jun-2015 77.4
Jul-2015 77.1
Aug-2015 77.3
Sep-2015 77.2
Oct-2015 77.3
Nov-2015 77.4
Dec-2015 77.4
Jan-2016 77.7
Feb-2016 77.8
Mar-2016 77.9
Apr-2016 77.7
May-2016 77.8
Jun-2016 77.9
Jul-2016 77.9
Aug-2016 77.9
Sep-2016 78
Oct-2016 78.2
Nov-2016 78.1
Dec-2016 78.1
Jan-2017 78.2
Feb-2017 78.3
Mar-2017 78.5
Apr-2017 78.6
May-2017 78.4
Jun-2017 78.6
Jul-2017 78.6
Aug-2017 78.5
Sep-2017 78.9
Oct-2017 78.9
Nov-2017 79
Dec-2017 79.1
Jan-2018 79
Feb-2018 79.3
Mar-2018 79.2
Apr-2018 79.2
May-2018 79.2
Jun-2018 79.3
Jul-2018 79.5
Aug-2018 79.4
Sep-2018 79.3
Oct-2018 79.7
Nov-2018 79.7
Dec-2018 79.7
Jan-2019 79.9
Feb-2019 79.9
Mar-2019 79.8
Apr-2019 79.7
May-2019 79.7
Jun-2019 79.7
Jul-2019 79.5
Aug-2019 80
Sep-2019 80.1
Oct-2019 80.3
ChartData Download data

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Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Current Population Survey public data

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Unemployment rate, 1948–2019

date Unemployment Rate
Jan-1948 3.4
Feb-1948 3.8
Mar-1948 4
Apr-1948 3.9
May-1948 3.5
Jun-1948 3.6
Jul-1948 3.6
Aug-1948 3.9
Sep-1948 3.8
Oct-1948 3.7
Nov-1948 3.8
Dec-1948 4
Jan-1949 4.3
Feb-1949 4.7
Mar-1949 5
Apr-1949 5.3
May-1949 6.1
Jun-1949 6.2
Jul-1949 6.7
Aug-1949 6.8
Sep-1949 6.6
Oct-1949 7.9
Nov-1949 6.4
Dec-1949 6.6
Jan-1950 6.5
Feb-1950 6.4
Mar-1950 6.3
Apr-1950 5.8
May-1950 5.5
Jun-1950 5.4
Jul-1950 5
Aug-1950 4.5
Sep-1950 4.4
Oct-1950 4.2
Nov-1950 4.2
Dec-1950 4.3
Jan-1951 3.7
Feb-1951 3.4
Mar-1951 3.4
Apr-1951 3.1
May-1951 3
Jun-1951 3.2
Jul-1951 3.1
Aug-1951 3.1
Sep-1951 3.3
Oct-1951 3.5
Nov-1951 3.5
Dec-1951 3.1
Jan-1952 3.2
Feb-1952 3.1
Mar-1952 2.9
Apr-1952 2.9
May-1952 3
Jun-1952 3
Jul-1952 3.2
Aug-1952 3.4
Sep-1952 3.1
Oct-1952 3
Nov-1952 2.8
Dec-1952 2.7
Jan-1953 2.9
Feb-1953 2.6
Mar-1953 2.6
Apr-1953 2.7
May-1953 2.5
Jun-1953 2.5
Jul-1953 2.6
Aug-1953 2.7
Sep-1953 2.9
Oct-1953 3.1
Nov-1953 3.5
Dec-1953 4.5
Jan-1954 4.9
Feb-1954 5.2
Mar-1954 5.7
Apr-1954 5.9
May-1954 5.9
Jun-1954 5.6
Jul-1954 5.8
Aug-1954 6
Sep-1954 6.1
Oct-1954 5.7
Nov-1954 5.3
Dec-1954 5
Jan-1955 4.9
Feb-1955 4.7
Mar-1955 4.6
Apr-1955 4.7
May-1955 4.3
Jun-1955 4.2
Jul-1955 4
Aug-1955 4.2
Sep-1955 4.1
Oct-1955 4.3
Nov-1955 4.2
Dec-1955 4.2
Jan-1956 4
Feb-1956 3.9
Mar-1956 4.2
Apr-1956 4
May-1956 4.3
Jun-1956 4.3
Jul-1956 4.4
Aug-1956 4.1
Sep-1956 3.9
Oct-1956 3.9
Nov-1956 4.3
Dec-1956 4.2
Jan-1957 4.2
Feb-1957 3.9
Mar-1957 3.7
Apr-1957 3.9
May-1957 4.1
Jun-1957 4.3
Jul-1957 4.2
Aug-1957 4.1
Sep-1957 4.4
Oct-1957 4.5
Nov-1957 5.1
Dec-1957 5.2
Jan-1958 5.8
Feb-1958 6.4
Mar-1958 6.7
Apr-1958 7.4
May-1958 7.4
Jun-1958 7.3
Jul-1958 7.5
Aug-1958 7.4
Sep-1958 7.1
Oct-1958 6.7
Nov-1958 6.2
Dec-1958 6.2
Jan-1959 6
Feb-1959 5.9
Mar-1959 5.6
Apr-1959 5.2
May-1959 5.1
Jun-1959 5
Jul-1959 5.1
Aug-1959 5.2
Sep-1959 5.5
Oct-1959 5.7
Nov-1959 5.8
Dec-1959 5.3
Jan-1960 5.2
Feb-1960 4.8
Mar-1960 5.4
Apr-1960 5.2
May-1960 5.1
Jun-1960 5.4
Jul-1960 5.5
Aug-1960 5.6
Sep-1960 5.5
Oct-1960 6.1
Nov-1960 6.1
Dec-1960 6.6
Jan-1961 6.6
Feb-1961 6.9
Mar-1961 6.9
Apr-1961 7
May-1961 7.1
Jun-1961 6.9
Jul-1961 7
Aug-1961 6.6
Sep-1961 6.7
Oct-1961 6.5
Nov-1961 6.1
Dec-1961 6
Jan-1962 5.8
Feb-1962 5.5
Mar-1962 5.6
Apr-1962 5.6
May-1962 5.5
Jun-1962 5.5
Jul-1962 5.4
Aug-1962 5.7
Sep-1962 5.6
Oct-1962 5.4
Nov-1962 5.7
Dec-1962 5.5
Jan-1963 5.7
Feb-1963 5.9
Mar-1963 5.7
Apr-1963 5.7
May-1963 5.9
Jun-1963 5.6
Jul-1963 5.6
Aug-1963 5.4
Sep-1963 5.5
Oct-1963 5.5
Nov-1963 5.7
Dec-1963 5.5
Jan-1964 5.6
Feb-1964 5.4
Mar-1964 5.4
Apr-1964 5.3
May-1964 5.1
Jun-1964 5.2
Jul-1964 4.9
Aug-1964 5
Sep-1964 5.1
Oct-1964 5.1
Nov-1964 4.8
Dec-1964 5
Jan-1965 4.9
Feb-1965 5.1
Mar-1965 4.7
Apr-1965 4.8
May-1965 4.6
Jun-1965 4.6
Jul-1965 4.4
Aug-1965 4.4
Sep-1965 4.3
Oct-1965 4.2
Nov-1965 4.1
Dec-1965 4
Jan-1966 4
Feb-1966 3.8
Mar-1966 3.8
Apr-1966 3.8
May-1966 3.9
Jun-1966 3.8
Jul-1966 3.8
Aug-1966 3.8
Sep-1966 3.7
Oct-1966 3.7
Nov-1966 3.6
Dec-1966 3.8
Jan-1967 3.9
Feb-1967 3.8
Mar-1967 3.8
Apr-1967 3.8
May-1967 3.8
Jun-1967 3.9
Jul-1967 3.8
Aug-1967 3.8
Sep-1967 3.8
Oct-1967 4
Nov-1967 3.9
Dec-1967 3.8
Jan-1968 3.7
Feb-1968 3.8
Mar-1968 3.7
Apr-1968 3.5
May-1968 3.5
Jun-1968 3.7
Jul-1968 3.7
Aug-1968 3.5
Sep-1968 3.4
Oct-1968 3.4
Nov-1968 3.4
Dec-1968 3.4
Jan-1969 3.4
Feb-1969 3.4
Mar-1969 3.4
Apr-1969 3.4
May-1969 3.4
Jun-1969 3.5
Jul-1969 3.5
Aug-1969 3.5
Sep-1969 3.7
Oct-1969 3.7
Nov-1969 3.5
Dec-1969 3.5
Jan-1970 3.9
Feb-1970 4.2
Mar-1970 4.4
Apr-1970 4.6
May-1970 4.8
Jun-1970 4.9
Jul-1970 5
Aug-1970 5.1
Sep-1970 5.4
Oct-1970 5.5
Nov-1970 5.9
Dec-1970 6.1
Jan-1971 5.9
Feb-1971 5.9
Mar-1971 6
Apr-1971 5.9
May-1971 5.9
Jun-1971 5.9
Jul-1971 6
Aug-1971 6.1
Sep-1971 6
Oct-1971 5.8
Nov-1971 6
Dec-1971 6
Jan-1972 5.8
Feb-1972 5.7
Mar-1972 5.8
Apr-1972 5.7
May-1972 5.7
Jun-1972 5.7
Jul-1972 5.6
Aug-1972 5.6
Sep-1972 5.5
Oct-1972 5.6
Nov-1972 5.3
Dec-1972 5.2
Jan-1973 4.9
Feb-1973 5
Mar-1973 4.9
Apr-1973 5
May-1973 4.9
Jun-1973 4.9
Jul-1973 4.8
Aug-1973 4.8
Sep-1973 4.8
Oct-1973 4.6
Nov-1973 4.8
Dec-1973 4.9
Jan-1974 5.1
Feb-1974 5.2
Mar-1974 5.1
Apr-1974 5.1
May-1974 5.1
Jun-1974 5.4
Jul-1974 5.5
Aug-1974 5.5
Sep-1974 5.9
Oct-1974 6
Nov-1974 6.6
Dec-1974 7.2
Jan-1975 8.1
Feb-1975 8.1
Mar-1975 8.6
Apr-1975 8.8
May-1975 9
Jun-1975 8.8
Jul-1975 8.6
Aug-1975 8.4
Sep-1975 8.4
Oct-1975 8.4
Nov-1975 8.3
Dec-1975 8.2
Jan-1976 7.9
Feb-1976 7.7
Mar-1976 7.6
Apr-1976 7.7
May-1976 7.4
Jun-1976 7.6
Jul-1976 7.8
Aug-1976 7.8
Sep-1976 7.6
Oct-1976 7.7
Nov-1976 7.8
Dec-1976 7.8
Jan-1977 7.5
Feb-1977 7.6
Mar-1977 7.4
Apr-1977 7.2
May-1977 7
Jun-1977 7.2
Jul-1977 6.9
Aug-1977 7
Sep-1977 6.8
Oct-1977 6.8
Nov-1977 6.8
Dec-1977 6.4
Jan-1978 6.4
Feb-1978 6.3
Mar-1978 6.3
Apr-1978 6.1
May-1978 6
Jun-1978 5.9
Jul-1978 6.2
Aug-1978 5.9
Sep-1978 6
Oct-1978 5.8
Nov-1978 5.9
Dec-1978 6
Jan-1979 5.9
Feb-1979 5.9
Mar-1979 5.8
Apr-1979 5.8
May-1979 5.6
Jun-1979 5.7
Jul-1979 5.7
Aug-1979 6
Sep-1979 5.9
Oct-1979 6
Nov-1979 5.9
Dec-1979 6
Jan-1980 6.3
Feb-1980 6.3
Mar-1980 6.3
Apr-1980 6.9
May-1980 7.5
Jun-1980 7.6
Jul-1980 7.8
Aug-1980 7.7
Sep-1980 7.5
Oct-1980 7.5
Nov-1980 7.5
Dec-1980 7.2
Jan-1981 7.5
Feb-1981 7.4
Mar-1981 7.4
Apr-1981 7.2
May-1981 7.5
Jun-1981 7.5
Jul-1981 7.2
Aug-1981 7.4
Sep-1981 7.6
Oct-1981 7.9
Nov-1981 8.3
Dec-1981 8.5
Jan-1982 8.6
Feb-1982 8.9
Mar-1982 9
Apr-1982 9.3
May-1982 9.4
Jun-1982 9.6
Jul-1982 9.8
Aug-1982 9.8
Sep-1982 10.1
Oct-1982 10.4
Nov-1982 10.8
Dec-1982 10.8
Jan-1983 10.4
Feb-1983 10.4
Mar-1983 10.3
Apr-1983 10.2
May-1983 10.1
Jun-1983 10.1
Jul-1983 9.4
Aug-1983 9.5
Sep-1983 9.2
Oct-1983 8.8
Nov-1983 8.5
Dec-1983 8.3
Jan-1984 8
Feb-1984 7.8
Mar-1984 7.8
Apr-1984 7.7
May-1984 7.4
Jun-1984 7.2
Jul-1984 7.5
Aug-1984 7.5
Sep-1984 7.3
Oct-1984 7.4
Nov-1984 7.2
Dec-1984 7.3
Jan-1985 7.3
Feb-1985 7.2
Mar-1985 7.2
Apr-1985 7.3
May-1985 7.2
Jun-1985 7.4
Jul-1985 7.4
Aug-1985 7.1
Sep-1985 7.1
Oct-1985 7.1
Nov-1985 7
Dec-1985 7
Jan-1986 6.7
Feb-1986 7.2
Mar-1986 7.2
Apr-1986 7.1
May-1986 7.2
Jun-1986 7.2
Jul-1986 7
Aug-1986 6.9
Sep-1986 7
Oct-1986 7
Nov-1986 6.9
Dec-1986 6.6
Jan-1987 6.6
Feb-1987 6.6
Mar-1987 6.6
Apr-1987 6.3
May-1987 6.3
Jun-1987 6.2
Jul-1987 6.1
Aug-1987 6
Sep-1987 5.9
Oct-1987 6
Nov-1987 5.8
Dec-1987 5.7
Jan-1988 5.7
Feb-1988 5.7
Mar-1988 5.7
Apr-1988 5.4
May-1988 5.6
Jun-1988 5.4
Jul-1988 5.4
Aug-1988 5.6
Sep-1988 5.4
Oct-1988 5.4
Nov-1988 5.3
Dec-1988 5.3
Jan-1989 5.4
Feb-1989 5.2
Mar-1989 5
Apr-1989 5.2
May-1989 5.2
Jun-1989 5.3
Jul-1989 5.2
Aug-1989 5.2
Sep-1989 5.3
Oct-1989 5.3
Nov-1989 5.4
Dec-1989 5.4
Jan-1990 5.4
Feb-1990 5.3
Mar-1990 5.2
Apr-1990 5.4
May-1990 5.4
Jun-1990 5.2
Jul-1990 5.5
Aug-1990 5.7
Sep-1990 5.9
Oct-1990 5.9
Nov-1990 6.2
Dec-1990 6.3
Jan-1991 6.4
Feb-1991 6.6
Mar-1991 6.8
Apr-1991 6.7
May-1991 6.9
Jun-1991 6.9
Jul-1991 6.8
Aug-1991 6.9
Sep-1991 6.9
Oct-1991 7
Nov-1991 7
Dec-1991 7.3
Jan-1992 7.3
Feb-1992 7.4
Mar-1992 7.4
Apr-1992 7.4
May-1992 7.6
Jun-1992 7.8
Jul-1992 7.7
Aug-1992 7.6
Sep-1992 7.6
Oct-1992 7.3
Nov-1992 7.4
Dec-1992 7.4
Jan-1993 7.3
Feb-1993 7.1
Mar-1993 7
Apr-1993 7.1
May-1993 7.1
Jun-1993 7
Jul-1993 6.9
Aug-1993 6.8
Sep-1993 6.7
Oct-1993 6.8
Nov-1993 6.6
Dec-1993 6.5
Jan-1994 6.6
Feb-1994 6.6
Mar-1994 6.5
Apr-1994 6.4
May-1994 6.1
Jun-1994 6.1
Jul-1994 6.1
Aug-1994 6
Sep-1994 5.9
Oct-1994 5.8
Nov-1994 5.6
Dec-1994 5.5
Jan-1995 5.6
Feb-1995 5.4
Mar-1995 5.4
Apr-1995 5.8
May-1995 5.6
Jun-1995 5.6
Jul-1995 5.7
Aug-1995 5.7
Sep-1995 5.6
Oct-1995 5.5
Nov-1995 5.6
Dec-1995 5.6
Jan-1996 5.6
Feb-1996 5.5
Mar-1996 5.5
Apr-1996 5.6
May-1996 5.6
Jun-1996 5.3
Jul-1996 5.5
Aug-1996 5.1
Sep-1996 5.2
Oct-1996 5.2
Nov-1996 5.4
Dec-1996 5.4
Jan-1997 5.3
Feb-1997 5.2
Mar-1997 5.2
Apr-1997 5.1
May-1997 4.9
Jun-1997 5
Jul-1997 4.9
Aug-1997 4.8
Sep-1997 4.9
Oct-1997 4.7
Nov-1997 4.6
Dec-1997 4.7
Jan-1998 4.6
Feb-1998 4.6
Mar-1998 4.7
Apr-1998 4.3
May-1998 4.4
Jun-1998 4.5
Jul-1998 4.5
Aug-1998 4.5
Sep-1998 4.6
Oct-1998 4.5
Nov-1998 4.4
Dec-1998 4.4
Jan-1999 4.3
Feb-1999 4.4
Mar-1999 4.2
Apr-1999 4.3
May-1999 4.2
Jun-1999 4.3
Jul-1999 4.3
Aug-1999 4.2
Sep-1999 4.2
Oct-1999 4.1
Nov-1999 4.1
Dec-1999 4
Jan-2000 4
Feb-2000 4.1
Mar-2000 4
Apr-2000 3.8
May-2000 4
Jun-2000 4
Jul-2000 4
Aug-2000 4.1
Sep-2000 3.9
Oct-2000 3.9
Nov-2000 3.9
Dec-2000 3.9
Jan-2001 4.2
Feb-2001 4.2
Mar-2001 4.3
Apr-2001 4.4
May-2001 4.3
Jun-2001 4.5
Jul-2001 4.6
Aug-2001 4.9
Sep-2001 5
Oct-2001 5.3
Nov-2001 5.5
Dec-2001 5.7
Jan-2002 5.7
Feb-2002 5.7
Mar-2002 5.7
Apr-2002 5.9
May-2002 5.8
Jun-2002 5.8
Jul-2002 5.8
Aug-2002 5.7
Sep-2002 5.7
Oct-2002 5.7
Nov-2002 5.9
Dec-2002 6
Jan-2003 5.8
Feb-2003 5.9
Mar-2003 5.9
Apr-2003 6
May-2003 6.1
Jun-2003 6.3
Jul-2003 6.2
Aug-2003 6.1
Sep-2003 6.1
Oct-2003 6
Nov-2003 5.8
Dec-2003 5.7
Jan-2004 5.7
Feb-2004 5.6
Mar-2004 5.8
Apr-2004 5.6
May-2004 5.6
Jun-2004 5.6
Jul-2004 5.5
Aug-2004 5.4
Sep-2004 5.4
Oct-2004 5.5
Nov-2004 5.4
Dec-2004 5.4
Jan-2005 5.3
Feb-2005 5.4
Mar-2005 5.2
Apr-2005 5.2
May-2005 5.1
Jun-2005 5
Jul-2005 5
Aug-2005 4.9
Sep-2005 5
Oct-2005 5
Nov-2005 5
Dec-2005 4.9
Jan-2006 4.7
Feb-2006 4.8
Mar-2006 4.7
Apr-2006 4.7
May-2006 4.6
Jun-2006 4.6
Jul-2006 4.7
Aug-2006 4.7
Sep-2006 4.5
Oct-2006 4.4
Nov-2006 4.5
Dec-2006 4.4
Jan-2007 4.6
Feb-2007 4.5
Mar-2007 4.4
Apr-2007 4.5
May-2007 4.4
Jun-2007 4.6
Jul-2007 4.7
Aug-2007 4.6
Sep-2007 4.7
Oct-2007 4.7
Nov-2007 4.7
Dec-2007 5
Jan-2008 5
Feb-2008 4.9
Mar-2008 5.1
Apr-2008 5
May-2008 5.4
Jun-2008 5.6
Jul-2008 5.8
Aug-2008 6.1
Sep-2008 6.1
Oct-2008 6.5
Nov-2008 6.8
Dec-2008 7.3
Jan-2009 7.8
Feb-2009 8.3
Mar-2009 8.7
Apr-2009 9
May-2009 9.4
Jun-2009 9.5
Jul-2009 9.5
Aug-2009 9.6
Sep-2009 9.8
Oct-2009 10
Nov-2009 9.9
Dec-2009 9.9
Jan-2010 9.8
Feb-2010 9.8
Mar-2010 9.9
Apr-2010 9.9
May-2010 9.6
Jun-2010 9.4
Jul-2010 9.4
Aug-2010 9.5
Sep-2010 9.5
Oct-2010 9.4
Nov-2010 9.8
Dec-2010 9.3
Jan-2011 9.1
Feb-2011 9
Mar-2011 9
Apr-2011 9.1
May-2011 9
Jun-2011 9.1
Jul-2011 9
Aug-2011 9
Sep-2011 9
Oct-2011 8.8
Nov-2011 8.6
Dec-2011 8.5
Jan-2012 8.3
Feb-2012 8.3
Mar-2012 8.2
Apr-2012 8.2
May-2012 8.2
Jun-2012 8.2
Jul-2012 8.2
Aug-2012 8.1
Sep-2012 7.8
Oct-2012 7.8
Nov-2012 7.7
Dec-2012 7.9
Jan-2013 8
Feb-2013 7.7
Mar-2013 7.5
Apr-2013 7.6
May-2013 7.5
Jun-2013 7.5
Jul-2013 7.3
Aug-2013 7.2
Sep-2013 7.2
Oct-2013 7.2
Nov-2013 6.9
Dec-2013 6.7
Jan-2014 6.6
Feb-2014 6.7
Mar-2014 6.7
Apr-2014 6.2
May-2014 6.3
Jun-2014 6.1
Jul-2014 6.2
Aug-2014 6.1
Sep-2014 5.9
Oct-2014 5.7
Nov-2014 5.8
Dec-2014 5.6
Jan-2015 5.7
Feb-2015 5.5
Mar-2015 5.4
Apr-2015 5.4
May-2015 5.6
Jun-2015 5.3
Jul-2015 5.2
Aug-2015 5.1
Sep-2015 5
Oct-2015 5
Nov-2015 5.1
Dec-2015 5
Jan-2016 4.9
Feb-2016 4.9
Mar-2016 5
Apr-2016 5
May-2016 4.8
Jun-2016 4.9
Jul-2016 4.8
Aug-2016 4.9
Sep-2016 5
Oct-2016 4.9
Nov-2016 4.7
Dec-2016 4.7
Jan-2017 4.7
Feb-2017 4.7
Mar-2017 4.4
Apr-2017 4.4
May-2017 4.4
Jun-2017 4.3
Jul-2017 4.3
Aug-2017 4.4
Sep-2017 4.2
Oct-2017 4.1
Nov-2017 4.2
Dec-2017 4.1
Jan-2018 4.1
Feb-2018 4.1
Mar-2018 4
Apr-2018 3.9
May-2018 3.8
Jun-2018 4
Jul-2018 3.9
Aug-2018 3.8
Sep-2018 3.7
Oct-2018 3.8
Nov-2018 3.7
Dec-2018 3.9
Jan-2019 4
Feb-2019 3.8
Mar-2019 3.8
Apr-2019 3.6
May-2019 3.6
Jun-2019 3.7
Jul-2019 3.7
Aug-2019 3.7
Sep-2019 3.5
Oct-2019 3.6

 

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Note: Shaded areas denote recessions.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Population Survey

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Unemployment rate of workers age 16 and older by race and ethnicity, 1995–2019

date White Black Hispanic
Jan-1995 4.8 10.3 10.2
Feb-1995 4.7 10.1 9
Mar-1995 4.7 9.7 8.9
Apr-1995 5 10.7 8.9
May-1995 5 10 9.8
Jun-1995 4.9 10.7 9.1
Jul-1995 4.9 10.9 8.8
Aug-1995 4.9 11.1 9.6
Sep-1995 4.9 11.1 9.1
Oct-1995 4.9 10 9.4
Nov-1995 5 9.7 9.5
Dec-1995 4.9 10.2 9.3
Jan-1996 4.9 10.6 9.4
Feb-1996 4.8 10 9.6
Mar-1996 4.8 10.6 9.6
Apr-1996 4.8 10.7 9.6
May-1996 4.9 10.2 9.6
Jun-1996 4.6 10.4 8.8
Jul-1996 4.7 10.6 8.8
Aug-1996 4.4 10.6 8.8
Sep-1996 4.5 10.6 8.2
Oct-1996 4.5 10.7 8
Nov-1996 4.6 10.6 8.5
Dec-1996 4.6 10.5 7.4
Jan-1997 4.5 10.8 8.4
Feb-1997 4.5 10.7 8.2
Mar-1997 4.4 10.5 8.3
Apr-1997 4.3 10.2 8.2
May-1997 4.1 10.3 7.7
Jun-1997 4.2 10.8 7.5
Jul-1997 4.2 9.5 7.9
Aug-1997 4.2 9.4 7.2
Sep-1997 4.2 9.5 7.4
Oct-1997 4.1 9.5 7.8
Nov-1997 3.9 9.5 7
Dec-1997 3.9 10 7.3
Jan-1998 4 9.4 7.1
Feb-1998 3.9 9.3 6.9
Mar-1998 4 9.2 6.9
Apr-1998 3.7 9.1 6.7
May-1998 3.8 8.9 6.9
Jun-1998 3.9 8.8 7.4
Jul-1998 3.8 9.5 7.3
Aug-1998 3.9 8.8 7.4
Sep-1998 3.9 9.1 7.3
Oct-1998 3.9 8.6 7.2
Nov-1998 3.8 8.6 7.1
Dec-1998 3.8 7.7 7.7
Jan-1999 3.8 7.8 6.7
Feb-1999 3.8 8.2 6.7
Mar-1999 3.6 8 5.8
Apr-1999 3.8 7.8 7
May-1999 3.7 7.4 6.7
Jun-1999 3.8 7.7 6.6
Jul-1999 3.7 8.7 6.5
Aug-1999 3.7 7.7 6.5
Sep-1999 3.6 8.5 6.7
Oct-1999 3.5 8.4 6.4
Nov-1999 3.5 8 6
Dec-1999 3.5 7.8 5.8
Jan-2000 3.4 8.2 5.6
Feb-2000 3.6 8.1 5.7
Mar-2000 3.5 7.4 6.1
Apr-2000 3.4 7.0% 5.5
May-2000 3.5 7.7 5.8
Jun-2000 3.4 7.8 5.6
Jul-2000 3.5 7.7 5.8
Aug-2000 3.6 7.9 5.9
Sep-2000 3.5 7.3 5.8
Oct-2000 3.4% 7.3 5.1
Nov-2000 3.5 7.3 6
Dec-2000 3.5 7.4 5.7
Jan-2001 3.6 8.2 5.8
Feb-2001 3.7 7.7 6.1
Mar-2001 3.7 8.3 6.2
Apr-2001 3.9 8 6.4
May-2001 3.8 7.9 6.3
Jun-2001 4 8.3 6.6
Jul-2001 4 8 6.2
Aug-2001 4.3 9.1 6.5
Sep-2001 4.3 8.9 6.7
Oct-2001 4.7 9.5 7.1
Nov-2001 4.9 9.8 7.3
Dec-2001 5.1 10.1 7.7
Jan-2002 5.1 10 7.8
Feb-2002 5 9.9 7
Mar-2002 5 10.5 7.5
Apr-2002 5.2 10.7 8
May-2002 5.1 10.2 7.1
Jun-2002 5.1 10.5 7.4
Jul-2002 5.2 9.8 7.4
Aug-2002 5.1 9.8 7.5
Sep-2002 5.1 9.7 7.4
Oct-2002 5.1 9.8 7.9
Nov-2002 5.1 10.7 7.8
Dec-2002 5.1 11.3 7.9
Jan-2003 5.2 10.5 7.9
Feb-2003 5.1 10.7 7.7
Mar-2003 5.1 10.3 7.8
Apr-2003 5.3 10.9 7.6
May-2003 5.4 10.9 8
Jun-2003 5.5 11.5 8.3
Jul-2003 5.4 10.9 8
Aug-2003 5.4 10.9 7.7
Sep-2003 5.3 11.1 7.3
Oct-2003 5.1 11.4 7.5
Nov-2003 5.2 10.2 7.4
Dec-2003 5 10.1 6.7
Jan-2004 5 10.4 7.3
Feb-2004 4.9 9.7 7.4
Mar-2004 5.1 10.3 7.6
Apr-2004 5 9.8 7.1
May-2004 4.9 10.1 6.9
Jun-2004 5 10.2 6.6
Jul-2004 4.7 11 6.8
Aug-2004 4.7 10.5 6.8
Sep-2004 4.6 10.3 6.8
Oct-2004 4.6 10.8 6.8
Nov-2004 4.6 10.7 6.7
Dec-2004 4.5 10.7 6.6
Jan-2005 4.5 10.6 6
Feb-2005 4.6 10.9 6.3
Mar-2005 4.5 10.5 5.8
Apr-2005 4.4 10.3 6.4
May-2005 4.4 10.1 6
Jun-2005 4.3 10.2 5.7
Jul-2005 4.2 9.2 5.5
Aug-2005 4.2 9.7 5.8
Sep-2005 4.4 9.4 6.4
Oct-2005 4.4 9.1 6
Nov-2005 4.3 10.6 6.1
Dec-2005 4.2 9.2 6.1
Jan-2006 4.1 8.9 5.5
Feb-2006 4.1 9.5 5.4
Mar-2006 4 9.5 5.2
Apr-2006 4.1 9.4 5.5
May-2006 4.1 8.7 5
Jun-2006 4.1 8.9 5.2
Jul-2006 4.1 9.5 5.2
Aug-2006 4.1 8.8 5.3
Sep-2006 3.9 9 5.5
Oct-2006 3.9 8.4 4.8%
Nov-2006 4 8.5 5.1
Dec-2006 3.9 8.3 5
Jan-2007 4.2 7.9 5.5
Feb-2007 4.1 8 5.1
Mar-2007 3.8 8.4 5
Apr-2007 4 8.3 5.6
May-2007 3.9 8.3 5.8
Jun-2007 4.1 8.5 5.5
Jul-2007 4.2 8.1 5.9
Aug-2007 4.2 7.6 5.5
Sep-2007 4.2 8 5.9
Oct-2007 4.1 8.5 5.7
Nov-2007 4.2 8.5 5.9
Dec-2007 4.4 9 6.3
Jan-2008 4.4 9.1 6.3
Feb-2008 4.4 8.4 6.2
Mar-2008 4.5 9.2 6.9
Apr-2008 4.4 8.6 7.1
May-2008 4.8 9.6 6.9
Jun-2008 5 9.4 7.6
Jul-2008 5.2 10 7.5
Aug-2008 5.4 10.6 8
Sep-2008 5.4 11.3 8
Oct-2008 5.9 11.4 8.8
Nov-2008 6.2 11.5 8.7
Dec-2008 6.7 12.1 9.4
Jan-2009 7.1 12.7 10.1
Feb-2009 7.6 13.7 11.3
Mar-2009 8 13.7 11.7
Apr-2009 8.1 15 11.4
May-2009 8.5 15 12.3
Jun-2009 8.7 14.8 12.1
Jul-2009 8.7 14.8 12.5
Aug-2009 8.9 14.8 13%
Sep-2009 8.9 15.3 12.6
Oct-2009 9.2 15.8 12.8
Nov-2009 9.2% 15.7 12.4
Dec-2009 9 16.1 12.8
Jan-2010 8.8 16.5 12.9
Feb-2010 8.9 16.1 12.7
Mar-2010 8.9 16.8% 12.9
Apr-2010 9 16.6 12.5
May-2010 8.7 15.5 12
Jun-2010 8.6 15.2 12.3
Jul-2010 8.5 15.6 12.2
Aug-2010 8.6 15.9 12
Sep-2010 8.6 16 12.3
Oct-2010 8.6 15.6 12.3
Nov-2010 8.9 16.2 12.9
Dec-2010 8.5 15.5 12.9
Jan-2011 8.1 15.8 12.3
Feb-2011 8.1 15.5 11.8
Mar-2011 8 15.8 11.6
Apr-2011 8.1 16.5 11.9
May-2011 7.9 16.3 11.6
Jun-2011 8.1 16.2 11.5
Jul-2011 8 15.9 11.2
Aug-2011 7.9 16.4 11.2
Sep-2011 7.9 15.9 11.2
Oct-2011 7.9 14.6 11.3
Nov-2011 7.7 15.6 11.2
Dec-2011 7.5 15.4 11.1
Jan-2012 7.4 13.6 10.7
Feb-2012 7.4 14 10.9
Mar-2012 7.3 14 10.6
Apr-2012 7.4 13.3 10.3
May-2012 7.4 13.5 10.9
Jun-2012 7.3 14.5 10.9
Jul-2012 7.3 14.2 10.2
Aug-2012 7.2 13.8 10.1
Sep-2012 7 13.6 9.7
Oct-2012 6.9 14.1 10
Nov-2012 6.8 13.3 9.9
Dec-2012 6.9 14 9.6
Jan-2013 7.1 13.7 9.7
Feb-2013 6.8 13.8 9.7
Mar-2013 6.7 13 9.3
Apr-2013 6.7 13.3 9
May-2013 6.7 13.4 9
Jun-2013 6.6 14.2 9.1
Jul-2013 6.5 12.6 9.4
Aug-2013 6.4 12.8 9.2
Sep-2013 6.3 13 8.8
Oct-2013 6.3 12.8 9.1
Nov-2013 6.1 12.3 8.7
Dec-2013 5.9 11.9 8.3
Jan-2014 5.7 12.1 8.3
Feb-2014 5.8 11.8 8.2
Mar-2014 5.8 12.1 7.9
Apr-2014 5.3 11.6 7.2
May-2014 5.4 11.4 7.7
Jun-2014 5.3 11 7.8
Jul-2014 5.3 11.6 7.7
Aug-2014 5.3 11.4 7.4
Sep-2014 5.1 11 6.8
Oct-2014 4.9 10.6 6.8
Nov-2014 5 10.9 6.6
Dec-2014 4.7 10.6 6.4
Jan-2015 4.9 10.3 6.7
Feb-2015 4.7 10.1 6.8
Mar-2015 4.8 9.9 6.8
Apr-2015 4.7 9.8 6.8
May-2015 4.8 10.3 6.8
Jun-2015 4.6 9.6 6.8
Jul-2015 4.5 9.1 6.9
Aug-2015 4.4 9.4 6.6
Sep-2015 4.4 9.3 6.2
Oct-2015 4.4 8.9 6.3
Nov-2015 4.4 9.4 6.4
Dec-2015 4.4 8.5 6.2
Jan-2016 4.3 8.8 5.8
Feb-2016 4.2 8.6 5.4
Mar-2016 4.3 8.9 5.5
Apr-2016 4.4 8.9 6.1
May-2016 4.2 8.2 5.6
Jun-2016 4.3 8.7 5.9
Jul-2016 4.2 8.4 5.5
Aug-2016 4.4 8 5.6
Sep-2016 4.4 8.4 6.4
Oct-2016 4.4 8.3 5.7
Nov-2016 4.2 8 5.7
Dec-2016 4.2 7.9 5.9
Jan-2017 4.3 7.7 5.8
Feb-2017 4 8 5.5
Mar-2017 3.9 7.9 5
Apr-2017 3.8 7.9 5.1
May-2017 3.8 7.7 5.1
Jun-2017 3.8 7.1 4.9
Jul-2017 3.7 7.4 5.2
Aug-2017 3.8 7.6 5.1
Sep-2017 3.7 7.1 5.1
Oct-2017 3.5 7.3 4.9
Nov-2017 3.7 7.3 4.8
Dec-2017 3.7 6.7 4.9
Jan-2018 3.5 7.7 5
Feb-2018 3.7 6.8 4.9
Mar-2018 3.6 6.8 5.1
Apr-2018 3.5 6.5 4.8
May-2018 3.5 5.9 4.9
Jun-2018 3.5 6.5 4.6
Jul-2018 3.3 6.6 4.5
Aug-2018 3.4 6.3 4.7
Sep-2018 3.3 6 4.5
Oct-2018 3.3 6.2 4.4
Nov-2018 3.4 6 4.5
Dec-2018 3.4 6.6 4.4
Jan-2019 3.5 6.8 4.9
Feb-2019 3.3 7 4.3
Mar-2019 3.4 6.7 4.7
Apr-2019 3.1 6.7 4.2
May-2019 3.3 6.2 4.2
Jun-2019 3.3 6 4.3
Jul-2019 3.3 6 4.5
Aug-2019 3.4% 5.5% 4.2%
Sep-2019 3.2% 5.5% 3.9%
Oct-2019 3.2% 5.4% 4.1%

 

ChartData Download data

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Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Population Survey, public data series

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Share of newly employed workers who said that they were not actively searching for work in the previous month

Share of newly employed workers who said that they were not actively searching for work in the previous month
Apr-1990 61.9%
May-1990 62.6%
Jun-1990 62.0%
Jul-1990 62.0%
Aug-1990 61.6%
Sep-1990 62.3%
Oct-1990 61.0%
Nov-1990 61.2%
Dec-1990 60.4%
Jan-1991 59.9%
Feb-1991 59.0%
Mar-1991 58.5%
Apr-1991 57.7%
May-1991 57.6%
Jun-1991 57.2%
Jul-1991 58.0%
Aug-1991 57.8%
Sep-1991 57.7%
Oct-1991 57.3%
Nov-1991 56.9%
Dec-1991 57.0%
Jan-1992 56.8%
Feb-1992 57.1%
Mar-1992 57.1%
Apr-1992 57.2%
May-1992 57.3%
Jun-1992 56.6%
Jul-1992 56.4%
Aug-1992 56.1%
Sep-1992 55.9%
Oct-1992 55.7%
Nov-1992 55.8%
Dec-1992 56.1%
Jan-1993 56.6%
Feb-1993 57.7%
Mar-1993 58.3%
Apr-1993 58.4%
May-1993 58.2%
Jun-1993 58.1%
Jul-1993 57.5%
Aug-1993 57.5%
Sep-1993 58.0%
Oct-1993 58.9%
Nov-1993 58.5%
Dec-1993 58.3%
Jan-1994 58.8%
Feb-1994 59.2%
Mar-1994 59.1%
Apr-1994 58.7%
May-1994 58.3%
Jun-1994 58.5%
Jul-1994 58.6%
Aug-1994 59.0%
Sep-1994 59.1%
Oct-1994 59.8%
Nov-1994 60.1%
Dec-1994 60.3%
Jan-1995 60.4%
Feb-1995 59.5%
Mar-1995 59.7%
Apr-1995 59.7%
May-1995 59.2%
Jun-1995 59.5%
Jul-1995 59.5%
Aug-1995 60.0%
Sep-1995 60.2%
Oct-1995 59.9%
Nov-1995 60.6%
Dec-1995 59.9%
Jan-1996 59.8%
Feb-1996 60.3%
Mar-1996 60.7%
Apr-1996 61.0%
May-1996 60.7%
Jun-1996 60.8%
Jul-1996 61.5%
Aug-1996 60.8%
Sep-1996 60.9%
Oct-1996 60.2%
Nov-1996 60.6%
Dec-1996 59.6%
Jan-1997 59.1%
Feb-1997 58.9%
Mar-1997 60.3%
Apr-1997 61.4%
May-1997 61.8%
Jun-1997 61.1%
Jul-1997 60.4%
Aug-1997 61.3%
Sep-1997 61.9%
Oct-1997 62.5%
Nov-1997 62.7%
Dec-1997 62.8%
Jan-1998 63.3%
Feb-1998 62.7%
Mar-1998 62.9%
Apr-1998 62.4%
May-1998 63.5%
Jun-1998 63.2%
Jul-1998 64.2%
Aug-1998 64.0%
Sep-1998 65.2%
Oct-1998 65.1%
Nov-1998 65.1%
Dec-1998 64.9%
Jan-1999 65.6%
Feb-1999 65.5%
Mar-1999 64.2%
Apr-1999 65.3%
May-1999 66.1%
Jun-1999 67.4%
Jul-1999 66.4%
Aug-1999 65.7%
Sep-1999 65.3%
Oct-1999 65.5%
Nov-1999 65.3%
Dec-1999 65.1%
Jan-2000 64.4%
Feb-2000 65.4%
Mar-2000 65.7%
Apr-2000 65.9%
May-2000 65.6%
Jun-2000 65.9%
Jul-2000 65.4%
Aug-2000 65.5%
Sep-2000 65.6%
Oct-2000 66.5%
Nov-2000 67.4%
Dec-2000 68.1%
Jan-2001 69.0%
Feb-2001 68.6%
Mar-2001 67.9%
Apr-2001 66.9%
May-2001 65.8%
Jun-2001 65.3%
Jul-2001 65.7%
Aug-2001 66.2%
Sep-2001 66.6%
Oct-2001 65.5%
Nov-2001 64.4%
Dec-2001 62.9%
Jan-2002 62.6%
Feb-2002 62.3%
Mar-2002 61.7%
Apr-2002 61.9%
May-2002 62.8%
Jun-2002 64.4%
Jul-2002 64.5%
Aug-2002 64.0%
Sep-2002 63.1%
Oct-2002 63.1%
Nov-2002 63.7%
Dec-2002 64.1%
Jan-2003 64.2%
Feb-2003 64.2%
Mar-2003 64.5%
Apr-2003 64.3%
May-2003 63.7%
Jun-2003 63.5%
Jul-2003 63.1%
Aug-2003 63.2%
Sep-2003 63.4%
Oct-2003 64.3%
Nov-2003 64.7%
Dec-2003 63.7%
Jan-2004 63.6%
Feb-2004 63.4%
Mar-2004 64.9%
Apr-2004 64.3%
May-2004 64.3%
Jun-2004 63.7%
Jul-2004 64.2%
Aug-2004 64.5%
Sep-2004 64.1%
Oct-2004 64.2%
Nov-2004 64.0%
Dec-2004 64.4%
Jan-2005 64.6%
Feb-2005 64.8%
Mar-2005 64.9%
Apr-2005 65.1%
May-2005 65.8%
Jun-2005 66.1%
Jul-2005 66.6%
Aug-2005 65.9%
Sep-2005 66.5%
Oct-2005 66.2%
Nov-2005 66.0%
Dec-2005 65.9%
Jan-2006 65.8%
Feb-2006 67.3%
Mar-2006 67.3%
Apr-2006 67.6%
May-2006 67.3%
Jun-2006 67.2%
Jul-2006 66.7%
Aug-2006 66.4%
Sep-2006 65.9%
Oct-2006 66.9%
Nov-2006 67.6%
Dec-2006 68.3%
Jan-2007 68.0%
Feb-2007 67.0%
Mar-2007 66.5%
Apr-2007 65.8%
May-2007 66.2%
Jun-2007 67.6%
Jul-2007 67.7%
Aug-2007 67.6%
Sep-2007 66.9%
Oct-2007 67.0%
Nov-2007 67.5%
Dec-2007 66.6%
Jan-2008 66.4%
Feb-2008 65.4%
Mar-2008 65.6%
Apr-2008 64.7%
May-2008 65.1%
Jun-2008 64.9%
Jul-2008 65.3%
Aug-2008 64.2%
Sep-2008 62.9%
Oct-2008 62.1%
Nov-2008 61.9%
Dec-2008 62.3%
Jan-2009 62.2%
Feb-2009 61.6%
Mar-2009 60.8%
Apr-2009 59.8%
May-2009 59.6%
Jun-2009 58.3%
Jul-2009 57.5%
Aug-2009 57.0%
Sep-2009 56.8%
Oct-2009 57.6%
Nov-2009 56.7%
Dec-2009 57.7%
Jan-2010 57.9%
Feb-2010 58.8%
Mar-2010 58.7%
Apr-2010 57.4%
May-2010 56.4%
Jun-2010 56.6%
Jul-2010 57.2%
Aug-2010 58.4%
Sep-2010 58.8%
Oct-2010 58.9%
Nov-2010 58.9%
Dec-2010 58.4%
Jan-2011 59.1%
Feb-2011 59.5%
Mar-2011 60.1%
Apr-2011 60.4%
May-2011 60.2%
Jun-2011 59.7%
Jul-2011 59.8%
Aug-2011 59.6%
Sep-2011 60.6%
Oct-2011 59.8%
Nov-2011 59.8%
Dec-2011 59.1%
Jan-2012 59.2%
Feb-2012 59.1%
Mar-2012 59.4%
Apr-2012 60.3%
May-2012 60.9%
Jun-2012 61.6%
Jul-2012 61.8%
Aug-2012 62.3%
Sep-2012 62.3%
Oct-2012 62.0%
Nov-2012 61.8%
Dec-2012 62.5%
Jan-2013 62.2%
Feb-2013 61.5%
Mar-2013 61.6%
Apr-2013 63.1%
May-2013 63.5%
Jun-2013 63.2%
Jul-2013 62.3%
Aug-2013 62.9%
Sep-2013 63.5%
Oct-2013 64.3%
Nov-2013 64.1%
Dec-2013 63.6%
Jan-2014 63.9%
Feb-2014 63.6%
Mar-2014 63.9%
Apr-2014 62.8%
May-2014 64.2%
Jun-2014 64.5%
Jul-2014 66.0%
Aug-2014 65.5%
Sep-2014 65.3%
Oct-2014 64.9%
Nov-2014 65.3%
Dec-2014 65.8%
Jan-2015 67.2%
Feb-2015 67.8%
Mar-2015 68.4%
Apr-2015 68.0%
May-2015 68.5%
Jun-2015 68.2%
Jul-2015 69.0%
Aug-2015 68.6%
Sep-2015 68.8%
Oct-2015 68.6%
Nov-2015 68.6%
Dec-2015 69.0%
Jan-2016 68.6%
Feb-2016 69.8%
Mar-2016 70.5%
Apr-2016 70.7%
May-2016 69.7%
Jun-2016 69.1%
Jul-2016 68.9%
Aug-2016 69.4%
Sep-2016 69.2%
Oct-2016 68.2%
Nov-2016 67.7%
Dec-2016 68.8%
Jan-2017 69.4%
Feb-2017 69.1%
Mar-2017 68.8%
Apr-2017 69.4%
May-2017 70.2%
Jun-2017 70.7%
Jul-2017 70.2%
Aug-2017 70.7%
Sep-2017 70.4%
Oct-2017 70.7%
Nov-2017 70.8%
Dec-2017 70.7%
Jan-2018 71.2%
Feb-2018 71.0%
Mar-2018 70.6%
Apr-2018 70.7%
May-2018 71.2%
Jun-2018 72.6%
Jul-2018 73.1%
Aug-2018 73.0%
Sep-2018 72.9%
Oct-2018 73.0%
Nov-2018 73.3%
Dec-2018 73.1%
Jan-2019 72.5%
Feb-2019 72.4%
Mar-2019 71.6%
Apr-2019 71.7%
May-2019 72.7%
Jun-2019 73.6%
Jul-2019 74.2%
Aug-2019 73.9%
Sep-2019 73.7%
Oct-2019 74.6%
ChartData Download data

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Note: Because of volatility in these data, the line reflects three month moving averages

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Labor Force Flows: Unemployed to Employed (16 Years and Over) [LNS17100000], and Not in Labor Force to Employed (16 years and over) [LNS17200000], retrieved from FRED (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis).

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