Economic Indicators Jobs and unemployment

Every month, the Bureau of Labor Statistics releases a report on the employment situation for the previous month. Their release includes data on job growth, unemployment, and wage growth, which gives us a snapshot of the health of the economy and whether it’s working for ordinary Americans.

Key numbers • October

6.9% National unemployment rate
638,000 Net jobs in October
76.0% Share of prime working-age population with a job
4.5% Average nominal wage growth since October 2019

October

Jobs report: October jobs report: Next president inherits a devastated economy with millions out of work

As the nation continues to be consumed with the election—which Joe Biden appears poised to win—millions of people across the country remain out of work. The latest data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics show that 638,000 jobs were added in October, a continued slowdown in job growth. The U.S. economy is still down 10 million jobs from where it was in February, before the pandemic hit. Using average monthly job growth over the year ending February 2020 as the counterfactual, the jobs deficit is over 11.6 million. In other words, that’s 10.0 million fewer jobs we have than in February, plus nearly 1.6 million jobs we would have added if the recession hadn’t occurred.

Even without the 147,000 loss in temporary Census employment in October, the economy added only 785,000 jobs. At this pace, it will take years for the U.S. economy to fully recover. With long-term unemployment on the rise and little hope for additional relief, workers and their families do not have years to keep their heads above water. As the winter approaches and COVID-19 cases continue to rise, millions of people across the country will be left out in the cold. Unlike his predecessor, the incoming Biden administration will inherit a devastated labor market that will need considerable relief and stimulus—quickly.

Key numbers from today’s report:

  • Long-term unemployment (27 weeks and over) continues to rise, increasing by 1.2 million in October. With the expiration of enhanced (PUA) and extended (PEUC) unemployment insurance benefits set to expire on December 26, it is clear that more pain is on the horizon for these workers and their families. Policymakers have the power to reduce that pain by provided enhanced benefits and further extensions.
  • The unemployment rate for Black workers remains higher than the peak of the overall unemployment rate in the Great Recession. In October, Black unemployment improved but remains elevated at 10.8%. White unemployment is now at 6.0%, while Hispanic and Asian unemployment both declined to 8.8% and 7.6%, respectively.
  • The employment-to-population ratio (EPOP) of workers across demographic groups remains depressed. In particularly, the EPOP for Black men and Black women as well as Hispanic women remains over 6 percentage points lower than in February. White men and white women have much less distance to travel to return to pre-pandemic employment levels, down 3.4 and 3.3 percentage points,  respectively.
  • State and local employment continues to decline, falling 130,000 in October. The labor market is down 1.3 million state and local government jobs over the last eight months—most of it (more than 1.0 million) in education. Austerity stifled the recovery from the Great Recession. We must not make that mistake again. Senate Republicans could fix this immediately by stopping their blocking of aid to state and local governments.
  • The data show that it is far from true that “everyone” is working from home because of the pandemic. Only 21.2% of employed people report having teleworked or worked at home in the last four weeks because of the pandemic—less than one in four workers.
  • The decline in unemployment in October came almost entirely from those who had been temporarily laid off. The number of workers who had been permanently laid off (or completed temporary jobs) ticked up, from 4.50 million to 4.51 million. This does not bode well for the pace of the recovery.

Policymakers cannot ignore the economic devastation happening to workers and their families across the country. The hopes of a quick recovery have long since been dashed, but swift action can lessen the continued hardship faced.

Charting jobs and unemployment

At this rate of job growth, the economy is years away from a full recovery: Monthly change in payroll employment, January 2020–October 2020

Date Change in Employment 
Jan-2020 214
Feb-2020 251
Mar-2020 -1,373
Apr-2020 -20,787
May-2020 2,725
Jun-2020 4,781
Jul-2020 1,761
Aug-2020 1,493
Sep-2020 672
Oct-2020 638
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Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Employment Statistics public data series

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Employment change by industry, 8–month net change: All employees (thousands), seasonally adjusted, October 2020

Industry Employment change, 8-month change
Leisure and hospitality -3486
Education and health services -1326
Government -1216
Professional and business services -1149
Manufacturing -621
Retail trade -499
Other services -436
Wholesale trade -304
Construction -294
Transportation and warehousing -271
Information -262
Financial activities -129
Mining and logging -92
Utilities -7

 

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Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics' (BLS) Current Employment Statistics, Establishment Survey (CES) public data series.

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Workers are experiencing longer and longer periods of unemployment: Number of workers at each level of unemployment duration, by month, February 2020–October 2020

Date Less than 5 weeks 5–14 weeks 15–26 Weeks 27 weeks and over
Feb  2,013  1,803  825  1,102
Mar  3,542  1,794  808  1,164
April  14,283  7,004  833  939
May  3,875  14,814  1,078  1,164
Jun  2,838  11,496  1,903  1,391
Jul  3,202  5,169  6,484  1,501
Aug  2,281  3,134  6,517  1,624
Sep  2,552  2,732  4,918  2,405
Oct  2,500  2,275  2,617  3,556
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Note: Data are seasonally adjusted.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Population Survey public data series.

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Unemployment rate of workers age 16 and older by race and ethnicity, 1995–2020

date White Black Hispanic
Jan-1995 4.8% 10.3% 10.2%
Feb-1995 4.7% 10.1% 9.0%
Mar-1995 4.7% 9.7% 8.9%
Apr-1995 5.0% 10.7% 8.9%
May-1995 5.0% 10.0% 9.8%
Jun-1995 4.9% 10.7% 9.1%
Jul-1995 4.9% 10.9% 8.8%
Aug-1995 4.9% 11.1% 9.6%
Sep-1995 4.9% 11.1% 9.1%
Oct-1995 4.9% 10.0% 9.4%
Nov-1995 5.0% 9.7% 9.5%
Dec-1995 4.9% 10.2% 9.3%
Jan-1996 4.9% 10.6% 9.4%
Feb-1996 4.8% 10.0% 9.6%
Mar-1996 4.8% 10.6% 9.6%
Apr-1996 4.8% 10.7% 9.6%
May-1996 4.9% 10.2% 9.6%
Jun-1996 4.6% 10.4% 8.8%
Jul-1996 4.7% 10.6% 8.8%
Aug-1996 4.4% 10.6% 8.8%
Sep-1996 4.5% 10.6% 8.2%
Oct-1996 4.5% 10.7% 8.0%
Nov-1996 4.6% 10.6% 8.5%
Dec-1996 4.6% 10.5% 7.4%
Jan-1997 4.5% 10.8% 8.4%
Feb-1997 4.5% 10.7% 8.2%
Mar-1997 4.4% 10.5% 8.3%
Apr-1997 4.3% 10.2% 8.2%
May-1997 4.1% 10.3% 7.7%
Jun-1997 4.2% 10.8% 7.5%
Jul-1997 4.2% 9.5% 7.9%
Aug-1997 4.2% 9.4% 7.2%
Sep-1997 4.2% 9.5% 7.4%
Oct-1997 4.1% 9.5% 7.8%
Nov-1997 3.9% 9.5% 7.0%
Dec-1997 3.9% 10.0% 7.3%
Jan-1998 4.0% 9.4% 7.1%
Feb-1998 3.9% 9.3% 6.9%
Mar-1998 4.0% 9.2% 6.9%
Apr-1998 3.7% 9.1% 6.7%
May-1998 3.8% 8.9% 6.9%
Jun-1998 3.9% 8.8% 7.4%
Jul-1998 3.8% 9.5% 7.3%
Aug-1998 3.9% 8.8% 7.4%
Sep-1998 3.9% 9.1% 7.3%
Oct-1998 3.9% 8.6% 7.2%
Nov-1998 3.8% 8.6% 7.1%
Dec-1998 3.8% 7.7% 7.7%
Jan-1999 3.8% 7.8% 6.7%
Feb-1999 3.8% 8.2% 6.7%
Mar-1999 3.6% 8.0% 5.8%
Apr-1999 3.8% 7.8% 7.0%
May-1999 3.7% 7.4% 6.7%
Jun-1999 3.8% 7.7% 6.6%
Jul-1999 3.7% 8.7% 6.5%
Aug-1999 3.7% 7.7% 6.5%
Sep-1999 3.6% 8.5% 6.7%
Oct-1999 3.5% 8.4% 6.4%
Nov-1999 3.5% 8.0% 6.0%
Dec-1999 3.5% 7.8% 5.8%
Jan-2000 3.4% 8.2% 5.6%
Feb-2000 3.6% 8.1% 5.7%
Mar-2000 3.5% 7.4% 6.1%
Apr-2000 3.4% 7% 5.5%
May-2000 3.5% 7.7% 5.8%
Jun-2000 3.4% 7.8% 5.6%
Jul-2000 3.5% 7.7% 5.8%
Aug-2000 3.6% 7.9% 5.9%
Sep-2000 3.5% 7.3% 5.8%
Oct-2000 3.4% 7.3% 5.1%
Nov-2000 3.5% 7.3% 6.0%
Dec-2000 3.5% 7.4% 5.7%
Jan-2001 3.6% 8.2% 5.8%
Feb-2001 3.7% 7.7% 6.1%
Mar-2001 3.7% 8.3% 6.2%
Apr-2001 3.9% 8.0% 6.4%
May-2001 3.8% 7.9% 6.3%
Jun-2001 4.0% 8.3% 6.6%
Jul-2001 4.0% 8.0% 6.2%
Aug-2001 4.3% 9.1% 6.5%
Sep-2001 4.3% 8.9% 6.7%
Oct-2001 4.7% 9.5% 7.1%
Nov-2001 4.9% 9.8% 7.3%
Dec-2001 5.1% 10.1% 7.7%
Jan-2002 5.1% 10.0% 7.8%
Feb-2002 5.0% 9.9% 7.0%
Mar-2002 5.0% 10.5% 7.5%
Apr-2002 5.2% 10.7% 8.0%
May-2002 5.1% 10.2% 7.1%
Jun-2002 5.1% 10.5% 7.4%
Jul-2002 5.2% 9.8% 7.4%
Aug-2002 5.1% 9.8% 7.5%
Sep-2002 5.1% 9.7% 7.4%
Oct-2002 5.1% 9.8% 7.9%
Nov-2002 5.1% 10.7% 7.8%
Dec-2002 5.1% 11.3% 7.9%
Jan-2003 5.2% 10.5% 7.9%
Feb-2003 5.1% 10.7% 7.7%
Mar-2003 5.1% 10.3% 7.8%
Apr-2003 5.3% 10.9% 7.6%
May-2003 5.4% 10.9% 8.0%
Jun-2003 5.5% 11.5% 8.3%
Jul-2003 5.4% 10.9% 8.0%
Aug-2003 5.4% 10.9% 7.7%
Sep-2003 5.3% 11.1% 7.3%
Oct-2003 5.1% 11.4% 7.5%
Nov-2003 5.2% 10.2% 7.4%
Dec-2003 5.0% 10.1% 6.7%
Jan-2004 5.0% 10.4% 7.3%
Feb-2004 4.9% 9.7% 7.4%
Mar-2004 5.1% 10.3% 7.6%
Apr-2004 5.0% 9.8% 7.1%
May-2004 4.9% 10.1% 6.9%
Jun-2004 5.0% 10.2% 6.6%
Jul-2004 4.7% 11.0% 6.8%
Aug-2004 4.7% 10.5% 6.8%
Sep-2004 4.6% 10.3% 6.8%
Oct-2004 4.6% 10.8% 6.8%
Nov-2004 4.6% 10.7% 6.7%
Dec-2004 4.5% 10.7% 6.6%
Jan-2005 4.5% 10.6% 6.0%
Feb-2005 4.6% 10.9% 6.3%
Mar-2005 4.5% 10.5% 5.8%
Apr-2005 4.4% 10.3% 6.4%
May-2005 4.4% 10.1% 6.0%
Jun-2005 4.3% 10.2% 5.7%
Jul-2005 4.2% 9.2% 5.5%
Aug-2005 4.2% 9.7% 5.8%
Sep-2005 4.4% 9.4% 6.4%
Oct-2005 4.4% 9.1% 6.0%
Nov-2005 4.3% 10.6% 6.1%
Dec-2005 4.2% 9.2% 6.1%
Jan-2006 4.1% 8.9% 5.5%
Feb-2006 4.1% 9.5% 5.4%
Mar-2006 4.0% 9.5% 5.2%
Apr-2006 4.1% 9.4% 5.5%
May-2006 4.1% 8.7% 5.0%
Jun-2006 4.1% 8.9% 5.2%
Jul-2006 4.1% 9.5% 5.2%
Aug-2006 4.1% 8.8% 5.3%
Sep-2006 3.9% 9.0% 5.5%
Oct-2006 3.9% 8.4% 4.8%
Nov-2006 4.0% 8.5% 5.1%
Dec-2006 3.9% 8.3% 5.0%
Jan-2007 4.2% 7.9% 5.5%
Feb-2007 4.1% 8.0% 5.1%
Mar-2007 3.8% 8.4% 5.0%
Apr-2007 4.0% 8.3% 5.6%
May-2007 3.9% 8.3% 5.8%
Jun-2007 4.1% 8.5% 5.5%
Jul-2007 4.2% 8.1% 5.9%
Aug-2007 4.2% 7.6% 5.5%
Sep-2007 4.2% 8.0% 5.9%
Oct-2007 4.1% 8.5% 5.7%
Nov-2007 4.2% 8.5% 5.9%
Dec-2007 4.4% 9.0% 6.3%
Jan-2008 4.4% 9.1% 6.3%
Feb-2008 4.4% 8.4% 6.2%
Mar-2008 4.5% 9.2% 6.9%
Apr-2008 4.4% 8.6% 7.1%
May-2008 4.8% 9.6% 6.9%
Jun-2008 5.0% 9.4% 7.6%
Jul-2008 5.2% 10.0% 7.5%
Aug-2008 5.4% 10.6% 8.0%
Sep-2008 5.4% 11.3% 8.0%
Oct-2008 5.9% 11.4% 8.8%
Nov-2008 6.2% 11.5% 8.7%
Dec-2008 6.7% 12.1% 9.4%
Jan-2009 7.1% 12.7% 10.1%
Feb-2009 7.6% 13.7% 11.3%
Mar-2009 8.0% 13.7% 11.7%
Apr-2009 8.1% 15.0% 11.4%
May-2009 8.5% 15.0% 12.3%
Jun-2009 8.7% 14.8% 12.1%
Jul-2009 8.7% 14.8% 12.5%
Aug-2009 8.9% 16.8% 13.0%
Sep-2009 8.9% 15.3% 12.6%
Oct-2009 9.2% 15.8% 12.8%
Nov-2009 9.2% 15.7% 12.4%
Dec-2009 9.0% 16.1% 12.8%
Jan-2010 8.8% 16.5% 12.9%
Feb-2010 8.9% 16.1% 12.7%
Mar-2010 8.9% 16.8% 13%
Apr-2010 9.0% 16.6% 12.5%
May-2010 8.7% 15.5% 12.0%
Jun-2010 8.6% 15.2% 12.3%
Jul-2010 8.5% 15.6% 12.2%
Aug-2010 8.6% 15.9% 12.0%
Sep-2010 8.6% 16.0% 12.3%
Oct-2010 8.6% 15.6% 12.3%
Nov-2010 8.9% 16.2% 12.9%
Dec-2010 8.5% 15.5% 12.9%
Jan-2011 8.1% 15.8% 12.3%
Feb-2011 8.1% 15.5% 11.8%
Mar-2011 8.0% 15.8% 11.6%
Apr-2011 8.1% 16.5% 11.9%
May-2011 7.9% 16.3% 11.6%
Jun-2011 8.1% 16.2% 11.5%
Jul-2011 8.0% 15.9% 11.2%
Aug-2011 7.9% 16.4% 11.2%
Sep-2011 7.9% 15.9% 11.2%
Oct-2011 7.9% 14.6% 11.3%
Nov-2011 7.7% 15.6% 11.2%
Dec-2011 7.5% 15.4% 11.1%
Jan-2012 7.4% 13.6% 10.7%
Feb-2012 7.4% 14.0% 10.9%
Mar-2012 7.3% 14.0% 10.6%
Apr-2012 7.4% 13.3% 10.3%
May-2012 7.4% 13.5% 10.9%
Jun-2012 7.3% 14.5% 10.9%
Jul-2012 7.3% 14.2% 10.2%
Aug-2012 7.2% 13.8% 10.1%
Sep-2012 7.0% 13.6% 9.7%
Oct-2012 6.9% 14.1% 10.0%
Nov-2012 6.8% 13.3% 9.9%
Dec-2012 6.9% 14.0% 9.6%
Jan-2013 7.1% 13.7% 9.7%
Feb-2013 6.8% 13.8% 9.7%
Mar-2013 6.7% 13.0% 9.3%
Apr-2013 6.7% 13.3% 9.0%
May-2013 6.7% 13.4% 9.0%
Jun-2013 6.6% 14.2% 9.1%
Jul-2013 6.5% 12.6% 9.4%
Aug-2013 6.4% 12.8% 9.2%
Sep-2013 6.3% 13.0% 8.8%
Oct-2013 6.3% 12.8% 9.1%
Nov-2013 6.1% 12.3% 8.7%
Dec-2013 5.9% 11.9% 8.3%
Jan-2014 5.7% 12.1% 8.3%
Feb-2014 5.8% 11.8% 8.2%
Mar-2014 5.8% 12.1% 7.9%
Apr-2014 5.3% 11.6% 7.2%
May-2014 5.4% 11.4% 7.7%
Jun-2014 5.3% 11.0% 7.8%
Jul-2014 5.3% 11.6% 7.7%
Aug-2014 5.3% 11.4% 7.4%
Sep-2014 5.1% 11.0% 6.8%
Oct-2014 4.9% 10.6% 6.8%
Nov-2014 5.0% 10.9% 6.6%
Dec-2014 4.7% 10.6% 6.4%
Jan-2015 4.9% 10.3% 6.7%
Feb-2015 4.7% 10.1% 6.8%
Mar-2015 4.8% 9.9% 6.8%
Apr-2015 4.7% 9.7% 6.8%
May-2015 4.8% 10.3% 6.8%
Jun-2015 4.6% 9.7% 6.7%
Jul-2015 4.5% 9.1% 6.9%
Aug-2015 4.4% 9.4% 6.6%
Sep-2015 4.4% 9.3% 6.2%
Oct-2015 4.4% 9.0% 6.3%
Nov-2015 4.4% 9.4% 6.4%
Dec-2015 4.4% 8.5% 6.2%
Jan-2016 4.2% 8.7% 5.8%
Feb-2016 4.3% 8.5% 5.4%
Mar-2016 4.3% 8.9% 5.5%
Apr-2016 4.4% 8.8% 6.1%
May-2016 4.2% 8.2% 5.6%
Jun-2016 4.3% 8.8% 5.9%
Jul-2016 4.2% 8.4% 5.5%
Aug-2016 4.3% 8.0% 5.6%
Sep-2016 4.4% 8.5% 6.4%
Oct-2016 4.4% 8.4% 5.8%
Nov-2016 4.2% 8.1% 5.8%
Dec-2016 4.2% 7.9% 5.9%
Jan-2017 4.2% 7.5% 5.8%
Feb-2017 4.0% 7.9% 5.5%
Mar-2017 3.9% 7.9% 5.0%
Apr-2017 3.9% 7.9% 5.1%
May-2017 3.8% 7.7% 5.2%
Jun-2017 3.8% 7.1% 4.9%
Jul-2017 3.7% 7.4% 5.1%
Aug-2017 3.8% 7.7% 5.2%
Sep-2017 3.7% 7.2% 5.1%
Oct-2017 3.5% 7.4% 4.9%
Nov-2017 3.7% 7.4% 4.8%
Dec-2017 3.7% 6.7% 5.0%
Jan-2018 3.5% 7.5% 5.0%
Feb-2018 3.7% 6.7% 4.9%
Mar-2018 3.6% 6.8% 5.0%
Apr-2018 3.6% 6.4% 4.8%
May-2018 3.5% 5.9% 4.9%
Jun-2018 3.5% 6.5% 4.5%
Jul-2018 3.3% 6.6% 4.4%
Aug-2018 3.4% 6.3% 4.7%
Sep-2018 3.3% 6.2% 4.6%
Oct-2018 3.3% 6.3% 4.4%
Nov-2018 3.4% 6.1% 4.5%
Dec-2018 3.4% 6.6% 4.4%
Jan-2019 3.5% 6.8% 4.8%
Feb-2019 3.3% 6.9% 4.3%
Mar-2019 3.4% 6.6% 4.7%
Apr-2019 3.1% 6.6% 4.2%
May-2019 3.3% 6.2% 4.2%
Jun-2019 3.3% 6.0% 4.3%
Jul-2019 3.3% 5.9% 4.5%
Aug-2019 3.4% 5.4% 4.2%
Sep-2019 3.2% 5.5% 3.9%
Oct-2019 3.2% 5.5% 4.1%
Nov-2019 3.2% 5.6% 4.2%
Dec-2019 3.2% 5.9% 4.2%
Jan-2020 3.1% 6.0% 4.3%
Feb-2020 3.1% 5.8% 4.4%
Mar-2020 4.0% 6.7% 6.0%
Apr-2020 14.2% 16.7% 18.9%
May-2020 12.4% 16.8% 17.6%
Jun-2020 10.1% 15.4% 14.5%
Jul-2020 9.2% 14.6% 12.9%
Aug-2020 7.3% 13.0% 10.5%
Sep-2020 7.0% 12.1% 10.3%
Oct-2020 6.0% 10.8% 8.8%
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Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Population Survey, public data series

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Labor force participation rate and employment-to-population ratio of workers ages 25–54, by gender, 1989–2020

Date Labor force participation rate, men Labor force participation rate, women Employment-to-population ratio, men Employment-to-population ratio, women
Jan-1989 93.8 73.6 89.9 70.5
Feb-1989 93.7 73.5 89.8 70.4
Mar-1989 93.7 73.4 89.9 70.2
Apr-1989 93.7 73.5 89.7 70.3
May-1989 93.5 73.4 89.8 70.1
Jun-1989 93.5 73.3 90 70.1
Jul-1989 93.6 73.4 89.9 70
Aug-1989 93.5 73.5 90 70.2
Sep-1989 93.6 74 89.7 70.7
Oct-1989 93.7 73.8 89.8 70.5
Nov-1989 93.9 74.1 89.9 70.8
Dec-1989 93.8 74.1 90 70.7
Jan-1990 93.9 74.1 89.9 70.9
Feb-1990 94 74 90.1 70.8
Mar-1990 93.6 74 89.8 70.8
Apr-1990 93.5 73.9 89.4 70.7
May-1990 93.3 74.1 89.3 70.8
Jun-1990 93.3 73.9 89.3 70.6
Jul-1990 93.2 74 89 70.6
Aug-1990 93.3 74 88.9 70.5
Sep-1990 93.1 74 88.7 70.5
Oct-1990 93.2 73.9 88.6 70.4
Nov-1990 93.4 73.9 88.5 70.2
Dec-1990 93.1 73.9 88.1 70.1
Jan-1991 93.2 73.7 88.2 69.9
Feb-1991 93.4 73.9 88 70.1
Mar-1991 93.3 74 87.7 70
Apr-1991 93.4 74.3 87.9 70.3
May-1991 93 74.1 87.4 70.1
Jun-1991 93.1 74.2 87.5 70.2
Jul-1991 93 73.9 87.5 70.1
Aug-1991 92.9 74.1 87.4 70
Sep-1991 93.1 74.1 87.5 70.1
Oct-1991 92.9 74.2 87.2 70
Nov-1991 92.9 74.1 87.1 70
Dec-1991 92.7 74.1 86.9 69.9
Jan-1992 93 74.4 86.9 70.1
Feb-1992 92.8 74.4 86.6 70
Mar-1992 92.9 74.5 86.8 70
Apr-1992 93 74.7 86.9 70.2
May-1992 93.2 74.8 86.8 70.3
Jun-1992 93.3 74.9 86.9 70.3
Jul-1992 93.1 74.8 86.9 70.2
Aug-1992 93.2 74.8 86.9 70.2
Sep-1992 93.1 74.5 86.8 70.1
Oct-1992 93 74.4 86.7 70
Nov-1992 92.7 74.6 86.6 70.1
Dec-1992 92.6 74.6 86.7 69.9
Jan-1993 92.6 74.3 86.8 69.9
Feb-1993 92.4 74.2 86.7 69.9
Mar-1993 92.4 74.4 86.5 70.3
Apr-1993 92.5 74.1 86.8 69.9
May-1993 92.6 74.5 87 70.2
Jun-1993 92.8 74.6 87.1 70.4
Jul-1993 92.7 74.6 87.1 70.4
Aug-1993 92.7 74.8 87.2 70.6
Sep-1993 92.5 74.7 87.1 70.5
Oct-1993 92.5 74.8 87.1 70.5
Nov-1993 92.6 74.9 87.5 70.7
Dec-1993 92.4 75.2 87.4 71
Jan-1994 92.1 75 87.1 71
Feb-1994 91.9 75.3 86.8 71.3
Mar-1994 91.7 75.2 87 71.1
Apr-1994 91.7 75.1 87.1 71.2
May-1994 91.6 75.2 87.3 71.3
Jun-1994 91.4 74.7 87 70.9
Jul-1994 91.5 75.1 87 71.4
Aug-1994 91.4 75.4 87 71.7
Sep-1994 91.6 76 87.4 72.1
Oct-1994 91.8 75.5 87.5 71.9
Nov-1994 91.9 75.6 87.9 72
Dec-1994 92 75.2 88 71.8
Jan-1995 92 75.3 87.9 71.8
Feb-1995 92 75.5 88.1 72.2
Mar-1995 91.8 75.5 87.9 72.1
Apr-1995 91.8 75.9 87.7 72.2
May-1995 91.8 75.5 87.6 72.1
Jun-1995 91.6 75.2 87.6 71.7
Jul-1995 91.4 75.7 87.5 72.2
Aug-1995 91.4 75.6 87.4 72.1
Sep-1995 91.5 75.7 87.6 72.3
Oct-1995 91.3 75.8 87.6 72.3
Nov-1995 91.3 76 87.2 72.6
Dec-1995 91.3 75.7 87.2 72.4
Jan-1996 91.5 75.8 87.5 72.4
Feb-1996 91.7 75.7 87.7 72.4
Mar-1996 91.5 75.8 87.5 72.6
Apr-1996 91.6 75.9 87.5 72.6
May-1996 91.6 76 87.6 72.5
Jun-1996 91.6 76 87.8 72.7
Jul-1996 91.8 76.3 88.1 72.9
Aug-1996 92 76.3 88.4 73
Sep-1996 91.9 76.2 88.1 73
Oct-1996 92 76.4 88.3 73.1
Nov-1996 92 76.5 88.2 73
Dec-1996 91.9 76.6 88.3 73
Jan-1997 91.9 76.5 88.2 73.2
Feb-1997 91.9 76.3 88.2 72.9
Mar-1997 91.8 76.6 88.2 73.3
Apr-1997 91.7 76.5 88.1 73.5
May-1997 91.5 76.4 88.1 73.3
Jun-1997 91.8 76.7 88.4 73.6
Jul-1997 91.9 77 88.6 73.9
Aug-1997 92 77.2 88.7 74.1
Sep-1997 91.9 77 88.6 73.9
Oct-1997 91.8 76.8 88.6 73.8
Nov-1997 91.8 76.5 88.7 73.6
Dec-1997 91.8 76.6 88.6 73.6
Jan-1998 91.9 76.4 88.8 73.4
Feb-1998 91.8 76.5 88.9 73.4
Mar-1998 92 76.7 88.8 73.5
Apr-1998 91.8 76.3 88.9 73.5
May-1998 91.7 76.3 88.8 73.4
Jun-1998 91.7 76.4 88.7 73.6
Jul-1998 91.9 76.5 88.7 73.8
Aug-1998 91.7 76.6 88.8 73.9
Sep-1998 91.7 76.8 88.8 74
Oct-1998 91.8 76.7 88.8 73.7
Nov-1998 91.9 76.6 89.1 73.7
Dec-1998 91.8 76.8 88.9 74
Jan-1999 92.5 77 89.7 74.3
Feb-1999 92.2 76.8 89.2 74.1
Mar-1999 91.8 76.5 89.2 73.8
Apr-1999 91.9 76.6 89.1 73.8
May-1999 91.8 76.7 88.9 74.1
Jun-1999 91.6 76.9 88.8 74.2
Jul-1999 91.6 76.6 88.8 73.8
Aug-1999 91.5 76.7 88.7 74.1
Sep-1999 91.4 76.9 88.6 74.3
Oct-1999 91.4 77 88.7 74.5
Nov-1999 91.6 77.1 89 74.5
Dec-1999 91.6 76.7 89 74.3
Jan-2000 92.1 77 89.5 74.4
Feb-2000 92.2 76.9 89.4 74.5
Mar-2000 91.9 77.1 89.3 74.5
Apr-2000 91.7 77.3 89.2 74.9
May-2000 91.5 77 89 74.4
Jun-2000 91.7 76.8 89.1 74.2
Jul-2000 91.5 76.6 88.9 73.9
Aug-2000 91.5 76.3 88.9 73.6
Sep-2000 91.3 76.4 88.6 73.9
Oct-2000 91.2 76.3 88.6 73.9
Nov-2000 91.4 76.5 88.8 74.1
Dec-2000 91.6 76.5 88.9 74.1
Jan-2001 91.7 76.9 88.9 74.2
Feb-2001 91.6 76.8 88.8 74.2
Mar-2001 91.5 76.9 88.5 74.3
Apr-2001 91.4 76.3 88.3 73.7
May-2001 91.4 76.4 88.3 73.7
Jun-2001 91.3 76.2 88.1 73.4
Jul-2001 91.2 76.2 87.9 73.4
Aug-2001 91.1 76.2 87.6 73.2
Sep-2001 91.1 76.2 87.6 73.1
Oct-2001 91.3 76.1 87.4 72.7
Nov-2001 91 76.2 87 72.6
Dec-2001 91.2 76.3 87.1 72.6
Jan-2002 91.1 76.1 86.8 72.5
Feb-2002 91.3 76.4 87.1 72.7
Mar-2002 91.3 76.1 87 72.5
Apr-2002 91.2 76.2 86.8 72.5
May-2002 91.3 76.1 86.9 72.2
Jun-2002 91 75.7 86.5 72.1
Jul-2002 90.9 75.5 86.5 71.9
Aug-2002 91.1 75.7 86.8 72.1
Sep-2002 91.1 75.8 86.8 72.2
Oct-2002 91 75.7 86.6 72.1
Nov-2002 90.6 75.4 85.9 71.9
Dec-2002 90.6 75.8 86 72.2
Jan-2003 90.2 75.8 85.6 72.4
Feb-2003 90.5 75.8 85.9 72.1
Mar-2003 90.4 76.1 85.8 72.4
Apr-2003 90.7 76 85.9 72.4
May-2003 90.6 75.9 85.7 72.2
Jun-2003 90.7 76.1 85.8 72.3
Jul-2003 90.6 75.6 85.8 71.9
Aug-2003 90.7 75.6 85.7 72
Sep-2003 90.7 75.3 85.9 71.6
Oct-2003 90.7 75.3 85.9 71.6
Nov-2003 90.7 75.2 86 71.7
Dec-2003 90.7 75.1 86.4 71.4
Jan-2004 90.7 75.2 86.4 71.6
Feb-2004 90.4 75.2 86.2 71.7
Mar-2004 90.2 75.5 86 71.8
Apr-2004 90.3 75.4 86.2 71.8
May-2004 90.5 75.3 86.3 71.9
Jun-2004 90.5 75.5 86.5 71.9
Jul-2004 90.7 75.4 86.7 71.9
Aug-2004 90.5 75.1 86.5 71.8
Sep-2004 90.4 75.2 86.4 71.9
Oct-2004 90.2 75.1 86.3 71.9
Nov-2004 90.4 75.2 86.5 72
Dec-2004 90.3 75.1 86.2 71.8
Jan-2005 90.3 75.3 86.5 72
Feb-2005 90.5 75.3 86.7 71.9
Mar-2005 90.5 75 86.8 71.8
Apr-2005 90.5 75.2 87 72
May-2005 90.7 75.3 87.1 72.1
Jun-2005 90.4 75 87 71.7
Jul-2005 90.5 75.3 87 71.9
Aug-2005 90.9 75.2 87.4 72.1
Sep-2005 90.6 75.4 87 72.1
Oct-2005 90.4 75.2 87 71.9
Nov-2005 90.3 75.3 86.8 71.9
Dec-2005 90.2 75.4 86.7 72.1
Jan-2006 90.4 75.3 87.2 72.2
Feb-2006 90.6 75.5 87.1 72.4
Mar-2006 90.9 75.4 87.4 72.3
Apr-2006 90.6 75.3 87.2 72.1
May-2006 90.6 75.3 87.2 72.3
Jun-2006 90.5 75.4 87.2 72.5
Jul-2006 90.4 75.7 87.1 72.7
Aug-2006 90.5 75.6 87.1 72.6
Sep-2006 90.4 75.5 87.4 72.5
Oct-2006 90.4 75.6 87.4 72.9
Nov-2006 90.7 75.5 87.5 72.7
Dec-2006 90.9 75.5 87.7 72.7
Jan-2007 91.5 75.6 88 72.8
Feb-2007 91.4 75.3 87.9 72.6
Mar-2007 91.2 75.3 88 72.7
Apr-2007 91.1 75 87.9 72.2
May-2007 90.9 75.3 87.7 72.5
Jun-2007 90.7 75.3 87.5 72.5
Jul-2007 90.6 75.4 87.3 72.4
Aug-2007 90.5 75.5 87.2 72.6
Sep-2007 90.4 75.4 87.1 72.5
Oct-2007 90.3 75.3 86.9 72.4
Nov-2007 90.6 75.5 87.2 72.5
Dec-2007 90.9 75.5 87.2 72.4
Jan-2008 91.1 75.7 87.4 72.7
Feb-2008 91 75.5 87.4 72.6
Mar-2008 90.9 75.8 87.1 72.6
Apr-2008 90.6 75.8 86.7 72.7
May-2008 90.5 75.9 86.5 72.6
Jun-2008 90.5 76 86.3 72.6
Jul-2008 90.7 75.7 86.2 72.4
Aug-2008 90.5 76 85.8 72.1
Sep-2008 90.5 75.8 85.4 72.3
Oct-2008 90.4 75.8 85.2 71.9
Nov-2008 90.3 75.9 84.7 71.7
Dec-2008 89.9 75.9 83.7 71.6
Jan-2009 90 75.8 83.1 71.1
Feb-2009 89.8 76 82.5 71
Mar-2009 89.7 75.7 82 70.6
Apr-2009 89.9 75.9 81.8 70.7
May-2009 90.1 75.8 81.5 70.4
Jun-2009 90 75.9 81.5 70.4
Jul-2009 89.8 75.8 81.3 70.4
Aug-2009 90.1 75.6 81.2 70
Sep-2009 89.8 75.3 80.8 69.5
Oct-2009 89.8 75.3 80.8 69.4
Nov-2009 89.6 75.4 80.7 69.8
Dec-2009 88.9 75.2 80.4 69.2
Jan-2010 89.2 75.6 80.7 69.8
Feb-2010 89.2 75.5 80.6 69.7
Mar-2010 89.5 75.5 80.8 69.5
Apr-2010 89.7 75.6 81.3 69.6
May-2010 89.5 75.2 81.1 69.3
Jun-2010 89.5 75.1 81.1 69.5
Jul-2010 89.2 74.8 81.1 69.1
Aug-2010 89.3 74.9 81.2 69
Sep-2010 89.3 74.9 81.2 69.1
Oct-2010 88.9 74.9 81.1 69
Nov-2010 88.9 75.3 80.7 69.1
Dec-2010 88.6 75.2 80.8 69.4
Jan-2011 88.6 74.9 81.2 69.3
Feb-2011 88.7 74.7 81.4 69
Mar-2011 88.8 74.9 81.4 69.3
Apr-2011 88.7 74.9 81.2 69.1
May-2011 89 74.6 81.6 68.9
Jun-2011 88.9 74.6 81.3 68.8
Jul-2011 88.6 74.5 81.1 69
Aug-2011 88.7 74.7 81.4 68.9
Sep-2011 88.6 74.6 81.3 68.7
Oct-2011 88.4 74.4 81.1 68.9
Nov-2011 88.7 74.4 81.9 68.8
Dec-2011 88.7 74.6 82.1 68.9
Jan-2012 88.8 74.5 82.5 68.9
Feb-2012 88.7 74.5 82.4 68.9
Mar-2012 88.9 74.5 82.5 69.2
Apr-2012 88.7 74.4 82.5 69.1
May-2012 88.6 74.5 82.5 69.2
Jun-2012 88.9 74.4 82.6 69
Jul-2012 88.6 74.5 82.4 69.1
Aug-2012 88.6 74.5 82.4 69.2
Sep-2012 88.6 74.6 82.7 69.5
Oct-2012 88.8 74.7 82.9 69.6
Nov-2012 88.4 74.3 82.5 69.4
Dec-2012 88.6 74.6 82.8 69.4
Jan-2013 88.4 74 82.6 68.9
Feb-2013 88.5 73.9 82.8 69
Mar-2013 88.3 73.9 82.8 69
Apr-2013 88.6 73.7 82.8 69.1
May-2013 88.6 74 83 69.3
Jun-2013 88.6 74 82.9 69.2
Jul-2013 88.5 74.1 82.9 69.4
Aug-2013 88.3 74 82.6 69.6
Sep-2013 88.4 73.9 82.6 69.6
Oct-2013 88 73.5 82.4 69
Nov-2013 88.6 73.8 83 69.3
Dec-2013 88.1 73.8 83 69.5
Jan-2014 88.2 73.9 83.2 69.8
Feb-2014 88.1 74.3 83 70.1
Mar-2014 88.3 74.2 83.5 69.8
Apr-2014 87.9 74 83.2 69.9
May-2014 88 73.8 83.3 69.8
Jun-2014 88.3 74 83.8 70.2
Jul-2014 88.3 73.7 83.8 69.8
Aug-2014 88.5 74 83.9 70.1
Sep-2014 88.1 73.7 84.1 69.8
Oct-2014 88.1 73.9 84 70.1
Nov-2014 88.1 73.9 83.9 70.3
Dec-2014 88.2 73.8 84.2 70.3
Jan-2015 88.5 73.8 84.3 70.2
Feb-2015 88.4 73.6 84.3 70.3
Mar-2015 88.5 73.4 84.5 70
Apr-2015 88.4 73.8 84.4 70.2
May-2015 88.3 74.1 84.3 70.4
Jun-2015 88.3 73.8 84.5 70.5
Jul-2015 88.1 73.5 84.4 70.1
Aug-2015 88.2 73.5 84.6 70.2
Sep-2015 88.2 73.3 84.6 70.2
Oct-2015 88.2 73.6 84.4 70.3
Nov-2015 88.1 73.9 84.4 70.7
Dec-2015 88.2 73.9 84.5 70.6
Jan-2016 88.4 74.1 84.9 70.8
Feb-2016 88.5 74 84.9 70.9
Mar-2016 88.7 74.3 85.1 71
Apr-2016 88.5 74.2 84.8 70.9
May-2016 88.4 74.1 84.9 71
Jun-2016 88.7 74.2 85.1 71
Jul-2016 88.5 74.2 84.9 71.3
Aug-2016 88.4 74.4 84.9 71.1
Sep-2016 88.7 74.6 84.9 71.3
Oct-2016 88.6 74.7 85 71.5
Nov-2016 88.5 74.4 85 71.3
Dec-2016 88.5 74.5 85.1 71.4
Jan-2017 88.8 74.4 85.3 71.4
Feb-2017 88.6 74.7 85.1 71.7
Mar-2017 88.5 74.9 85.1 72
Apr-2017 88.5 75.2 85.4 72
May-2017 88.5 75 85.2 71.9
Jun-2017 88.6 75 85.3 72.2
Jul-2017 88.6 75.2 85.3 72.3
Aug-2017 88.4 75 85.1 72.1
Sep-2017 88.7 75.2 85.6 72.4
Oct-2017 88.6 74.8 85.7 72.2
Nov-2017 88.5 75.2 85.6 72.5
Dec-2017 89 74.9 86.1 72.2
Jan-2018 89 74.8 85.9 72.2
Feb-2018 89.3 75.2 86.4 72.4
Mar-2018 89.1 75.1 86.1 72.5
Apr-2018 89.2 74.9 86.2 72.3
May-2018 89.1 74.9 86.3 72.5
Jun-2018 89 75.5 86.1 72.9
Jul-2018 88.8 75.6 86.2 73
Aug-2018 88.7 75.4 86 72.9
Sep-2018 88.7 75.2 86 72.9
Oct-2018 89 75.7 86.2 73.4
Nov-2018 89 75.5 86.3 73.1
Dec-2018 89 75.7 86.1 73.3
Jan-2019 89.4 75.9 86.4 73.4
Feb-2019 89.4 75.8 86.5 73.4
Mar-2019 89.5 75.7 86.7 73.2
Apr-2019 89.1 75.5 86.4 73.3
May-2019 88.8 75.6 86.2 73.3
Jun-2019 88.7 75.9 86.1 73.6
Jul-2019 88.9 75.4 86.2 73
Aug-2019 89 76.3 86.3 74
Sep-2019 89.1 76.3 86.4 74
Oct-2019 89.1 76.6 86.5 74.2
Nov-2019 89.3 76.5 86.7 74.1
Dec-2019 89.2 76.8 86.6 74.4
Jan-2020 89.3 77 86.6 74.7
Feb-2020 89.3 77 86.5 74.7
Mar-2020 89 76.4 85.9 73.6
Apr-2020 86.4 73.6 76 63.5
May-2020 87.2 74.3 77.9 65
Jun-2020 87.9 75.4 79.5 67.7
Jul-2020 87.6 75.1 79.8 67.9
Aug-2020 88.1 74.9 81.6 69.2
Sep-2020 87.7 74.2 81.5 68.7
Oct-2020 87.9 74.6 82.2 70

 

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Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Current Population Survey public data.

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A more comprehensive look at unemployment rates: Unemployment rates for select workers by race/ethnicity and gender, February–October 2020

February March April May June July August September October
White men  2.9% 3.7% 12.4% 10.7% 9.0% 8.3% 6.9% 6.5% 5.8 
White women  2.8%  3.6% 15.0% 13.1% 10.3% 9.6% 7.3% 6.9% 5.6
Black men 5.8% 7.0% 16.1% 15.5% 16.3% 15.2% 13.2% 12.6% 11.5
Black women 4.8% 5.2% 16.4% 16.5% 14.0% 13.5% 12.0% 11.1% 9.2
Latinx men 3.2% 5.1% 16.7% 15.1% 12.8% 11.4% 9.8% 8.7% 8.1
Latinx women 4.9% 6.0% 20.2% 19.0% 15.3% 14.0% 10.5% 11.0% 9.0
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Notes: Data are for workers ages 20 and older. Racial and ethnic categories are not mutually exclusive; white and Black data do not exclude Latinx workers of each race. Unemployment levels are labeled for February, October, and the peak in between.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Household Data Table A-2, and Table A-3.

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A more comprehensive look at employment losses: Employment-to-population ratios for select workers by race/ethnicity and gender, February–October 2020

February March April May June July August September October
White men 69.7% 68.5% 60.5% 62.1% 63.8% 64.0% 65.4% 65.7% 66.3
White women 56.6% 55.7% 47.1% 48.8% 51.1% 51.4% 52.7% 52.4% 53.3
Black men 64.0% 63.0% 53.2% 54.1% 54.6% 55.7% 57.2% 56.5% 57.9
Black women 60.8% 58.5% 49.6% 50.0% 51.6% 52.0% 53.0% 53.2% 54.6
Latinx men 78.5% 75.9% 64.3% 66.1% 68.2% 68.8% 71.0% 72.1% 73.6
Latinx women 59.1% 57.3% 45.0% 46.3% 50.3% 50.5% 52.5% 50.7% 52.6
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Notes: Data are for workers ages 20 and older. Racial and ethnic categories are not mutually exclusive; white and Black data do not exclude Latinx workers of each race. Unemployment levels are labeled for February, October, and the trough in between.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Household Data Table A-2, and Table A-3.

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Monthly change in payroll employment, 2007–2020

Date Change in Employment 
Jan-2007 228
Feb-2007 81
Mar-2007 235
Apr-2007 49
May-2007 151
Jun-2007 76
Jul-2007 -31
Aug-2007 -23
Sep-2007 80
Oct-2007 79
Nov-2007 110
Dec-2007 108
Jan-2008 11
Feb-2008 -79
Mar-2008 -49
Apr-2008 -240
May-2008 -177
Jun-2008 -171
Jul-2008 -196
Aug-2008 -278
Sep-2008 -460
Oct-2008 -481
Nov-2008 -727
Dec-2008 -706
Jan-2009 -784
Feb-2009 -743
Mar-2009 -800
Apr-2009 -695
May-2009 -342
Jun-2009 -467
Jul-2009 -340
Aug-2009 -183
Sep-2009 -241
Oct-2009 -199
Nov-2009 12
Dec-2009 -269
Jan-2010 2
Feb-2010 -92
Mar-2010 181
Apr-2010 231
May-2010 540
Jun-2010 -139
Jul-2010 -84
Aug-2010 -5
Sep-2010 -65
Oct-2010 268
Nov-2010 125
Dec-2010 72
Jan-2011 19
Feb-2011 212
Mar-2011 235
Apr-2011 314
May-2011 101
Jun-2011 236
Jul-2011 60
Aug-2011 126
Sep-2011 233
Oct-2011 204
Nov-2011 132
Dec-2011 202
Jan-2012 354
Feb-2012 262
Mar-2012 240
Apr-2012 82
May-2012 100
Jun-2012 73
Jul-2012 152
Aug-2012 172
Sep-2012 187
Oct-2012 159
Nov-2012 156
Dec-2012 239
Jan-2013 191
Feb-2013 278
Mar-2013 139
Apr-2013 191
May-2013 222
Jun-2013 181
Jul-2013 112
Aug-2013 242
Sep-2013 187
Oct-2013 225
Nov-2013 264
Dec-2013 69
Jan-2014 175
Feb-2014 166
Mar-2014 254
Apr-2014 325
May-2014 218
Jun-2014 326
Jul-2014 232
Aug-2014 188
Sep-2014 309
Oct-2014 252
Nov-2014 291
Dec-2014 268
Jan-2015 191
Feb-2015 271
Mar-2015 71
Apr-2015 284
May-2015 331
Jun-2015 174
Jul-2015 302
Aug-2015 125
Sep-2015 155
Oct-2015 306
Nov-2015 237
Dec-2015 273
Jan-2016 73
Feb-2016 263
Mar-2016 229
Apr-2016 187
May-2016 42
Jun-2016 267
Jul-2016 354
Aug-2016 135
Sep-2016 269
Oct-2016 145
Nov-2016 151
Dec-2016 230
Jan-2017 185
Feb-2017 188
Mar-2017 129
Apr-2017 197
May-2017 155
Jun-2017 216
Jul-2017 215
Aug-2017 184
Sep-2017 18
Oct-2017 267
Nov-2017 225
Dec-2017 130
Jan-2018 121
Feb-2018 406
Mar-2018 176
Apr-2018 137
May-2018 278
Jun-2018 219
Jul-2018 136
Aug-2018 244
Sep-2018 80
Oct-2018 201
Nov-2018 134
Dec-2018 182
Jan-2019 269
Feb-2019 1
Mar-2019 147
Apr-2019 210
May-2019 85
Jun-2019 182
Jul-2019 194
Aug-2019 207
Sep-2019 208
Oct-2019 185
Nov-2019 261
Dec-2019 184
Jan-2020 214
Feb-2020 251
Mar-2020 -1373
Apr-2020 -20787
May-2020 2725
Jun-2020 4781
Jul-2020 1761
Aug-2020 1493
Sep-2020 672
Oct-2020 638

 

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Note: Shaded areas denote recessions.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Employment Statistics public data series

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Nominal wage growth spikes from compositional shifts in the COVID-19 economy, 2007–2020

Date All nonfarm employees Production/nonsupervisory workers
Mar-2007 3.39% 4.11%
Apr-2007 3.07% 3.85%
May-2007 3.53% 4.08%
Jun-2007 3.61% 4.19%
Jul-2007 3.25% 4.11%
Aug-2007 3.40% 4.04%
Sep-2007 3.09% 4.09%
Oct-2007 3.03% 3.84%
Nov-2007 3.13% 3.89%
Dec-2007 2.97% 3.81%
Jan-2008 2.91% 3.74%
Feb-2008 2.85% 3.79%
Mar-2008 3.09% 3.83%
Apr-2008 2.79% 3.76%
May-2008 3.02% 3.75%
Jun-2008 2.72% 3.50%
Jul-2008 3.01% 3.67%
Aug-2008 3.33% 3.89%
Sep-2008 3.23% 3.64%
Oct-2008 3.32% 3.81%
Nov-2008 3.60% 3.86%
Dec-2008 3.59% 3.90%
Jan-2009 3.68% 3.78%
Feb-2009 3.43% 3.60%
Mar-2009 3.28% 3.47%
Apr-2009 3.37% 3.35%
May-2009 2.93% 3.06%
Jun-2009 2.83% 2.94%
Jul-2009 2.73% 2.71%
Aug-2009 2.44% 2.70%
Sep-2009 2.49% 2.75%
Oct-2009 2.53% 2.68%
Nov-2009 2.19% 2.68%
Dec-2009 1.91% 2.45%
Jan-2010 2.00% 2.61%
Feb-2010 2.09% 2.55%
Mar-2010 1.77% 2.22%
Apr-2010 1.81% 2.38%
May-2010 1.95% 2.59%
Jun-2010 1.81% 2.48%
Jul-2010 1.85% 2.42%
Aug-2010 1.75% 2.36%
Sep-2010 1.84% 2.19%
Oct-2010 1.93% 2.45%
Nov-2010 1.65% 2.18%
Dec-2010 1.79% 2.07%
Jan-2011 1.96% 2.33%
Feb-2011 1.87% 2.12%
Mar-2011 1.87% 2.12%
Apr-2011 1.91% 2.11%
May-2011 2.04% 2.10%
Jun-2011 2.13% 2.05%
Jul-2011 2.26% 2.26%
Aug-2011 1.99% 1.88%
Sep-2011 1.94% 1.94%
Oct-2011 2.07% 1.88%
Nov-2011 1.98% 1.82%
Dec-2011 1.98% 1.77%
Jan-2012 1.71% 1.40%
Feb-2012 1.75% 1.45%
Mar-2012 2.14% 1.71%
Apr-2012 2.05% 1.65%
May-2012 1.74% 1.39%
Jun-2012 1.96% 1.60%
Jul-2012 1.77% 1.39%
Aug-2012 1.82% 1.39%
Sep-2012 1.99% 1.54%
Oct-2012 1.51% 1.18%
Nov-2012 1.94% 1.43%
Dec-2012 2.24% 1.74%
Jan-2013 2.24% 1.79%
Feb-2013 2.15% 2.04%
Mar-2013 1.93% 1.88%
Apr-2013 2.05% 1.83%
May-2013 2.14% 1.88%
Jun-2013 2.17% 2.03%
Jul-2013 2.00% 2.03%
Aug-2013 2.30% 2.18%
Sep-2013 2.08% 2.28%
Oct-2013 2.25% 2.32%
Nov-2013 2.24% 2.37%
Dec-2013 1.85% 2.21%
Jan-2014 1.89% 2.26%
Feb-2014 2.31% 2.55%
Mar-2014 2.10% 2.45%
Apr-2014 1.97% 2.35%
May-2014 2.13% 2.44%
Jun-2014 1.96% 2.24%
Jul-2014 2.09% 2.33%
Aug-2014 2.16% 2.48%
Sep-2014 2.08% 2.17%
Oct-2014 2.03% 2.22%
Nov-2014 2.03% 2.22%
Dec-2014 1.99% 1.77%
Jan-2015 2.15% 2.01%
Feb-2015 1.89% 1.46%
Mar-2015 2.18% 1.85%
Apr-2015 2.26% 1.95%
May-2015 2.30% 2.19%
Jun-2015 2.21% 2.14%
Jul-2015 2.12% 2.04%
Aug-2015 2.24% 1.98%
Sep-2015 2.24% 2.13%
Oct-2015 2.48% 2.37%
Nov-2015 2.39% 2.12%
Dec-2015 2.52% 2.61%
Jan-2016 2.55% 2.45%
Feb-2016 2.42% 2.60%
Mar-2016 2.46% 2.49%
Apr-2016 2.57% 2.58%
May-2016 2.48% 2.29%
Jun-2016 2.60% 2.48%
Jul-2016 2.80% 2.62%
Aug-2016 2.47% 2.51%
Sep-2016 2.63% 2.51%
Oct-2016 2.74% 2.41%
Nov-2016 2.65% 2.45%
Dec-2016 2.65% 2.45%
Jan-2017 2.52% 2.35%
Feb-2017 2.76% 2.44%
Mar-2017 2.59% 2.24%
Apr-2017 2.51% 2.24%
May-2017 2.46% 2.33%
Jun-2017 2.50% 2.32%
Jul-2017 2.57% 2.32%
Aug-2017 2.57% 2.31%
Sep-2017 2.87% 2.59%
Oct-2017 2.32% 2.21%
Nov-2017 2.47% 2.35%
Dec-2017 2.70% 2.48%
Jan-2018 2.73% 2.52%
Feb-2018 2.57% 2.47%
Mar-2018 2.80% 2.79%
Apr-2018 2.83% 2.83%
May-2018 2.94% 2.91%
Jun-2018 2.93% 2.91%
Jul-2018 2.85% 2.85%
Aug-2018 3.18% 3.08%
Sep-2018 3.02% 2.97%
Oct-2018 3.32% 3.25%
Nov-2018 3.35% 3.46%
Dec-2018 3.38% 3.54%
Jan-2019 3.26% 3.35%
Feb-2019 3.51% 3.53%
Mar-2019 3.43% 3.51%
Apr-2019 3.34% 3.46%
May-2019 3.30% 3.58%
Jun-2019 3.40% 3.53%
Jul-2019 3.47% 3.65%
Aug-2019 3.45% 3.73%
Sep-2019 3.11% 3.67%
Oct-2019 3.22% 3.76%
Nov-2019 3.28% 3.52%
Dec-2019 3.01% 3.25%
Jan-2020 3.08% 3.33%
Feb-2020 3.00% 3.32%
Mar-2020 3.35% 3.52%
Apr-2020 7.98% 7.67%
May-2020 6.57% 6.62%
Jun-2020 4.86% 5.41%
Jul-2020 4.78% 4.63%
ChartData Download data

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Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Employment Statistics public data series

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Employment-to-population ratio of workers ages 25–54, 1989–2020

Date Employment to population ratio
Jan-1989 80.0%
Feb-1989 79.9%
Mar-1989 79.9%
Apr-1989 79.8%
May-1989 79.8%
Jun-1989 79.8%
Jul-1989 79.8%
Aug-1989 79.9%
Sep-1989 80.0%
Oct-1989 79.9%
Nov-1989 80.2%
Dec-1989 80.1%
Jan-1990 80.2%
Feb-1990 80.2%
Mar-1990 80.1%
Apr-1990 79.9%
May-1990 79.9%
Jun-1990 79.8%
Jul-1990 79.6%
Aug-1990 79.5%
Sep-1990 79.4%
Oct-1990 79.4%
Nov-1990 79.2%
Dec-1990 79.0%
Jan-1991 78.9%
Feb-1991 78.9%
Mar-1991 78.7%
Apr-1991 79.0%
May-1991 78.6%
Jun-1991 78.7%
Jul-1991 78.6%
Aug-1991 78.5%
Sep-1991 78.6%
Oct-1991 78.5%
Nov-1991 78.4%
Dec-1991 78.3%
Jan-1992 78.4%
Feb-1992 78.2%
Mar-1992 78.2%
Apr-1992 78.4%
May-1992 78.4%
Jun-1992 78.5%
Jul-1992 78.4%
Aug-1992 78.4%
Sep-1992 78.3%
Oct-1992 78.2%
Nov-1992 78.2%
Dec-1992 78.2%
Jan-1993 78.2%
Feb-1993 78.1%
Mar-1993 78.2%
Apr-1993 78.2%
May-1993 78.5%
Jun-1993 78.6%
Jul-1993 78.6%
Aug-1993 78.8%
Sep-1993 78.6%
Oct-1993 78.7%
Nov-1993 79.0%
Dec-1993 79.0%
Jan-1994 78.9%
Feb-1994 78.9%
Mar-1994 78.9%
Apr-1994 79.0%
May-1994 79.2%
Jun-1994 78.8%
Jul-1994 79.1%
Aug-1994 79.2%
Sep-1994 79.6%
Oct-1994 79.6%
Nov-1994 79.8%
Dec-1994 79.8%
Jan-1995 79.7%
Feb-1995 80.0%
Mar-1995 79.9%
Apr-1995 79.8%
May-1995 79.7%
Jun-1995 79.5%
Jul-1995 79.7%
Aug-1995 79.6%
Sep-1995 79.8%
Oct-1995 79.8%
Nov-1995 79.7%
Dec-1995 79.7%
Jan-1996 79.8%
Feb-1996 79.9%
Mar-1996 79.9%
Apr-1996 79.9%
May-1996 80.0%
Jun-1996 80.1%
Jul-1996 80.4%
Aug-1996 80.5%
Sep-1996 80.4%
Oct-1996 80.6%
Nov-1996 80.5%
Dec-1996 80.5%
Jan-1997 80.5%
Feb-1997 80.4%
Mar-1997 80.6%
Apr-1997 80.7%
May-1997 80.6%
Jun-1997 80.9%
Jul-1997 81.1%
Aug-1997 81.3%
Sep-1997 81.1%
Oct-1997 81.1%
Nov-1997 81.0%
Dec-1997 81.0%
Jan-1998 81.0%
Feb-1998 81.0%
Mar-1998 81.0%
Apr-1998 81.1%
May-1998 81.0%
Jun-1998 81.0%
Jul-1998 81.1%
Aug-1998 81.2%
Sep-1998 81.3%
Oct-1998 81.1%
Nov-1998 81.2%
Dec-1998 81.3%
Jan-1999 81.8%
Feb-1999 81.5%
Mar-1999 81.3%
Apr-1999 81.3%
May-1999 81.4%
Jun-1999 81.4%
Jul-1999 81.2%
Aug-1999 81.3%
Sep-1999 81.3%
Oct-1999 81.5%
Nov-1999 81.6%
Dec-1999 81.5%
Jan-2000 81.8%
Feb-2000 81.8%
Mar-2000 81.7%
Apr-2000 81.9%
May-2000 81.5%
Jun-2000 81.5%
Jul-2000 81.3%
Aug-2000 81.1%
Sep-2000 81.1%
Oct-2000 81.1%
Nov-2000 81.3%
Dec-2000 81.4%
Jan-2001 81.4%
Feb-2001 81.3%
Mar-2001 81.3%
Apr-2001 80.9%
May-2001 80.8%
Jun-2001 80.6%
Jul-2001 80.5%
Aug-2001 80.2%
Sep-2001 80.2%
Oct-2001 79.9%
Nov-2001 79.7%
Dec-2001 79.8%
Jan-2002 79.6%
Feb-2002 79.8%
Mar-2002 79.6%
Apr-2002 79.5%
May-2002 79.4%
Jun-2002 79.2%
Jul-2002 79.1%
Aug-2002 79.3%
Sep-2002 79.4%
Oct-2002 79.2%
Nov-2002 78.8%
Dec-2002 79.0%
Jan-2003 78.9%
Feb-2003 78.9%
Mar-2003 79.0%
Apr-2003 79.1%
May-2003 78.9%
Jun-2003 78.9%
Jul-2003 78.8%
Aug-2003 78.7%
Sep-2003 78.6%
Oct-2003 78.6%
Nov-2003 78.7%
Dec-2003 78.8%
Jan-2004 78.9%
Feb-2004 78.8%
Mar-2004 78.7%
Apr-2004 78.9%
May-2004 79.0%
Jun-2004 79.1%
Jul-2004 79.2%
Aug-2004 79.0%
Sep-2004 79.0%
Oct-2004 79.0%
Nov-2004 79.1%
Dec-2004 78.9%
Jan-2005 79.2%
Feb-2005 79.2%
Mar-2005 79.2%
Apr-2005 79.4%
May-2005 79.5%
Jun-2005 79.2%
Jul-2005 79.4%
Aug-2005 79.6%
Sep-2005 79.4%
Oct-2005 79.3%
Nov-2005 79.2%
Dec-2005 79.3%
Jan-2006 79.6%
Feb-2006 79.7%
Mar-2006 79.8%
Apr-2006 79.6%
May-2006 79.7%
Jun-2006 79.8%
Jul-2006 79.8%
Aug-2006 79.8%
Sep-2006 79.9%
Oct-2006 80.1%
Nov-2006 80.0%
Dec-2006 80.1%
Jan-2007 80.3%
Feb-2007 80.1%
Mar-2007 80.2%
Apr-2007 80.0%
May-2007 80.0%
Jun-2007 79.9%
Jul-2007 79.8%
Aug-2007 79.8%
Sep-2007 79.7%
Oct-2007 79.6%
Nov-2007 79.7%
Dec-2007 79.7%
Jan-2008 80.0%
Feb-2008 79.9%
Mar-2008 79.8%
Apr-2008 79.6%
May-2008 79.5%
Jun-2008 79.4%
Jul-2008 79.2%
Aug-2008 78.8%
Sep-2008 78.8%
Oct-2008 78.4%
Nov-2008 78.1%
Dec-2008 77.6%
Jan-2009 77.0%
Feb-2009 76.7%
Mar-2009 76.2%
Apr-2009 76.2%
May-2009 75.9%
Jun-2009 75.9%
Jul-2009 75.8%
Aug-2009 75.6%
Sep-2009 75.1%
Oct-2009 75.0%
Nov-2009 75.2%
Dec-2009 74.8%
Jan-2010 75.1%
Feb-2010 75.1%
Mar-2010 75.1%
Apr-2010 75.4%
May-2010 75.1%
Jun-2010 75.2%
Jul-2010 75.1%
Aug-2010 75.0%
Sep-2010 75.1%
Oct-2010 75.0%
Nov-2010 74.8%
Dec-2010 75.0%
Jan-2011 75.2%
Feb-2011 75.1%
Mar-2011 75.3%
Apr-2011 75.1%
May-2011 75.2%
Jun-2011 75.0%
Jul-2011 75.0%
Aug-2011 75.1%
Sep-2011 74.9%
Oct-2011 74.9%
Nov-2011 75.3%
Dec-2011 75.4%
Jan-2012 75.5%
Feb-2012 75.5%
Mar-2012 75.7%
Apr-2012 75.7%
May-2012 75.7%
Jun-2012 75.6%
Jul-2012 75.6%
Aug-2012 75.7%
Sep-2012 76.0%
Oct-2012 76.1%
Nov-2012 75.8%
Dec-2012 76.0%
Jan-2013 75.6%
Feb-2013 75.8%
Mar-2013 75.8%
Apr-2013 75.8%
May-2013 76.0%
Jun-2013 75.9%
Jul-2013 76.0%
Aug-2013 76.0%
Sep-2013 76.0%
Oct-2013 75.6%
Nov-2013 76.1%
Dec-2013 76.1%
Jan-2014 76.4%
Feb-2014 76.4%
Mar-2014 76.5%
Apr-2014 76.5%
May-2014 76.4%
Jun-2014 76.9%
Jul-2014 76.7%
Aug-2014 76.9%
Sep-2014 76.8%
Oct-2014 76.9%
Nov-2014 76.9%
Dec-2014 77.1%
Jan-2015 77.1%
Feb-2015 77.2%
Mar-2015 77.1%
Apr-2015 77.2%
May-2015 77.2%
Jun-2015 77.4%
Jul-2015 77.1%
Aug-2015 77.3%
Sep-2015 77.2%
Oct-2015 77.2%
Nov-2015 77.4%
Dec-2015 77.4%
Jan-2016 77.7%
Feb-2016 77.8%
Mar-2016 77.9%
Apr-2016 77.8%
May-2016 77.8%
Jun-2016 77.9%
Jul-2016 78.0%
Aug-2016 77.9%
Sep-2016 78.0%
Oct-2016 78.2%
Nov-2016 78.1%
Dec-2016 78.1%
Jan-2017 78.2%
Feb-2017 78.3%
Mar-2017 78.5%
Apr-2017 78.6%
May-2017 78.5%
Jun-2017 78.6%
Jul-2017 78.7%
Aug-2017 78.5%
Sep-2017 78.9%
Oct-2017 78.8%
Nov-2017 78.9%
Dec-2017 79.0%
Jan-2018 79.0%
Feb-2018 79.3%
Mar-2018 79.2%
Apr-2018 79.2%
May-2018 79.3%
Jun-2018 79.4%
Jul-2018 79.5%
Aug-2018 79.4%
Sep-2018 79.3%
Oct-2018 79.7%
Nov-2018 79.6%
Dec-2018 79.6%
Jan-2019 79.8%
Feb-2019 79.9%
Mar-2019 79.8%
Apr-2019 79.7%
May-2019 79.7%
Jun-2019 79.8%
Jul-2019 79.5%
Aug-2019 80.1%
Sep-2019 80.1%
Oct-2019 80.3%
Nov-2019 80.3%
Dec-2019 80.4%
Jan-2020 80.6%
Feb-2020 80.5%
Mar-2020 79.6%
Apr-2020 69.7%
May-2020 71.4%
Jun-2020 73.5%
Jul-2020 73.8%
Aug-2020 75.3%
Sep-2020 75.0%
Oct-2020 76 %
ChartData Download data

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Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Current Population Survey public data

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Unemployment rate, 1948–2020

Date Unemployment rate
Jan-1948 3.4%
Feb-1948 3.8%
Mar-1948 4.0%
Apr-1948 3.9%
May-1948 3.5%
Jun-1948 3.6%
Jul-1948 3.6%
Aug-1948 3.9%
Sep-1948 3.8%
Oct-1948 3.7%
Nov-1948 3.8%
Dec-1948 4.0%
Jan-1949 4.3%
Feb-1949 4.7%
Mar-1949 5.0%
Apr-1949 5.3%
May-1949 6.1%
Jun-1949 6.2%
Jul-1949 6.7%
Aug-1949 6.8%
Sep-1949 6.6%
Oct-1949 7.9%
Nov-1949 6.4%
Dec-1949 6.6%
Jan-1950 6.5%
Feb-1950 6.4%
Mar-1950 6.3%
Apr-1950 5.8%
May-1950 5.5%
Jun-1950 5.4%
Jul-1950 5.0%
Aug-1950 4.5%
Sep-1950 4.4%
Oct-1950 4.2%
Nov-1950 4.2%
Dec-1950 4.3%
Jan-1951 3.7%
Feb-1951 3.4%
Mar-1951 3.4%
Apr-1951 3.1%
May-1951 3.0%
Jun-1951 3.2%
Jul-1951 3.1%
Aug-1951 3.1%
Sep-1951 3.3%
Oct-1951 3.5%
Nov-1951 3.5%
Dec-1951 3.1%
Jan-1952 3.2%
Feb-1952 3.1%
Mar-1952 2.9%
Apr-1952 2.9%
May-1952 3.0%
Jun-1952 3.0%
Jul-1952 3.2%
Aug-1952 3.4%
Sep-1952 3.1%
Oct-1952 3.0%
Nov-1952 2.8%
Dec-1952 2.7%
Jan-1953 2.9%
Feb-1953 2.6%
Mar-1953 2.6%
Apr-1953 2.7%
May-1953 2.5%
Jun-1953 2.5%
Jul-1953 2.6%
Aug-1953 2.7%
Sep-1953 2.9%
Oct-1953 3.1%
Nov-1953 3.5%
Dec-1953 4.5%
Jan-1954 4.9%
Feb-1954 5.2%
Mar-1954 5.7%
Apr-1954 5.9%
May-1954 5.9%
Jun-1954 5.6%
Jul-1954 5.8%
Aug-1954 6.0%
Sep-1954 6.1%
Oct-1954 5.7%
Nov-1954 5.3%
Dec-1954 5.0%
Jan-1955 4.9%
Feb-1955 4.7%
Mar-1955 4.6%
Apr-1955 4.7%
May-1955 4.3%
Jun-1955 4.2%
Jul-1955 4.0%
Aug-1955 4.2%
Sep-1955 4.1%
Oct-1955 4.3%
Nov-1955 4.2%
Dec-1955 4.2%
Jan-1956 4.0%
Feb-1956 3.9%
Mar-1956 4.2%
Apr-1956 4.0%
May-1956 4.3%
Jun-1956 4.3%
Jul-1956 4.4%
Aug-1956 4.1%
Sep-1956 3.9%
Oct-1956 3.9%
Nov-1956 4.3%
Dec-1956 4.2%
Jan-1957 4.2%
Feb-1957 3.9%
Mar-1957 3.7%
Apr-1957 3.9%
May-1957 4.1%
Jun-1957 4.3%
Jul-1957 4.2%
Aug-1957 4.1%
Sep-1957 4.4%
Oct-1957 4.5%
Nov-1957 5.1%
Dec-1957 5.2%
Jan-1958 5.8%
Feb-1958 6.4%
Mar-1958 6.7%
Apr-1958 7.4%
May-1958 7.4%
Jun-1958 7.3%
Jul-1958 7.5%
Aug-1958 7.4%
Sep-1958 7.1%
Oct-1958 6.7%
Nov-1958 6.2%
Dec-1958 6.2%
Jan-1959 6.0%
Feb-1959 5.9%
Mar-1959 5.6%
Apr-1959 5.2%
May-1959 5.1%
Jun-1959 5.0%
Jul-1959 5.1%
Aug-1959 5.2%
Sep-1959 5.5%
Oct-1959 5.7%
Nov-1959 5.8%
Dec-1959 5.3%
Jan-1960 5.2%
Feb-1960 4.8%
Mar-1960 5.4%
Apr-1960 5.2%
May-1960 5.1%
Jun-1960 5.4%
Jul-1960 5.5%
Aug-1960 5.6%
Sep-1960 5.5%
Oct-1960 6.1%
Nov-1960 6.1%
Dec-1960 6.6%
Jan-1961 6.6%
Feb-1961 6.9%
Mar-1961 6.9%
Apr-1961 7.0%
May-1961 7.1%
Jun-1961 6.9%
Jul-1961 7.0%
Aug-1961 6.6%
Sep-1961 6.7%
Oct-1961 6.5%
Nov-1961 6.1%
Dec-1961 6.0%
Jan-1962 5.8%
Feb-1962 5.5%
Mar-1962 5.6%
Apr-1962 5.6%
May-1962 5.5%
Jun-1962 5.5%
Jul-1962 5.4%
Aug-1962 5.7%
Sep-1962 5.6%
Oct-1962 5.4%
Nov-1962 5.7%
Dec-1962 5.5%
Jan-1963 5.7%
Feb-1963 5.9%
Mar-1963 5.7%
Apr-1963 5.7%
May-1963 5.9%
Jun-1963 5.6%
Jul-1963 5.6%
Aug-1963 5.4%
Sep-1963 5.5%
Oct-1963 5.5%
Nov-1963 5.7%
Dec-1963 5.5%
Jan-1964 5.6%
Feb-1964 5.4%
Mar-1964 5.4%
Apr-1964 5.3%
May-1964 5.1%
Jun-1964 5.2%
Jul-1964 4.9%
Aug-1964 5.0%
Sep-1964 5.1%
Oct-1964 5.1%
Nov-1964 4.8%
Dec-1964 5.0%
Jan-1965 4.9%
Feb-1965 5.1%
Mar-1965 4.7%
Apr-1965 4.8%
May-1965 4.6%
Jun-1965 4.6%
Jul-1965 4.4%
Aug-1965 4.4%
Sep-1965 4.3%
Oct-1965 4.2%
Nov-1965 4.1%
Dec-1965 4.0%
Jan-1966 4.0%
Feb-1966 3.8%
Mar-1966 3.8%
Apr-1966 3.8%
May-1966 3.9%
Jun-1966 3.8%
Jul-1966 3.8%
Aug-1966 3.8%
Sep-1966 3.7%
Oct-1966 3.7%
Nov-1966 3.6%
Dec-1966 3.8%
Jan-1967 3.9%
Feb-1967 3.8%
Mar-1967 3.8%
Apr-1967 3.8%
May-1967 3.8%
Jun-1967 3.9%
Jul-1967 3.8%
Aug-1967 3.8%
Sep-1967 3.8%
Oct-1967 4.0%
Nov-1967 3.9%
Dec-1967 3.8%
Jan-1968 3.7%
Feb-1968 3.8%
Mar-1968 3.7%
Apr-1968 3.5%
May-1968 3.5%
Jun-1968 3.7%
Jul-1968 3.7%
Aug-1968 3.5%
Sep-1968 3.4%
Oct-1968 3.4%
Nov-1968 3.4%
Dec-1968 3.4%
Jan-1969 3.4%
Feb-1969 3.4%
Mar-1969 3.4%
Apr-1969 3.4%
May-1969 3.4%
Jun-1969 3.5%
Jul-1969 3.5%
Aug-1969 3.5%
Sep-1969 3.7%
Oct-1969 3.7%
Nov-1969 3.5%
Dec-1969 3.5%
Jan-1970 3.9%
Feb-1970 4.2%
Mar-1970 4.4%
Apr-1970 4.6%
May-1970 4.8%
Jun-1970 4.9%
Jul-1970 5.0%
Aug-1970 5.1%
Sep-1970 5.4%
Oct-1970 5.5%
Nov-1970 5.9%
Dec-1970 6.1%
Jan-1971 5.9%
Feb-1971 5.9%
Mar-1971 6.0%
Apr-1971 5.9%
May-1971 5.9%
Jun-1971 5.9%
Jul-1971 6.0%
Aug-1971 6.1%
Sep-1971 6.0%
Oct-1971 5.8%
Nov-1971 6.0%
Dec-1971 6.0%
Jan-1972 5.8%
Feb-1972 5.7%
Mar-1972 5.8%
Apr-1972 5.7%
May-1972 5.7%
Jun-1972 5.7%
Jul-1972 5.6%
Aug-1972 5.6%
Sep-1972 5.5%
Oct-1972 5.6%
Nov-1972 5.3%
Dec-1972 5.2%
Jan-1973 4.9%
Feb-1973 5.0%
Mar-1973 4.9%
Apr-1973 5.0%
May-1973 4.9%
Jun-1973 4.9%
Jul-1973 4.8%
Aug-1973 4.8%
Sep-1973 4.8%
Oct-1973 4.6%
Nov-1973 4.8%
Dec-1973 4.9%
Jan-1974 5.1%
Feb-1974 5.2%
Mar-1974 5.1%
Apr-1974 5.1%
May-1974 5.1%
Jun-1974 5.4%
Jul-1974 5.5%
Aug-1974 5.5%
Sep-1974 5.9%
Oct-1974 6.0%
Nov-1974 6.6%
Dec-1974 7.2%
Jan-1975 8.1%
Feb-1975 8.1%
Mar-1975 8.6%
Apr-1975 8.8%
May-1975 9.0%
Jun-1975 8.8%
Jul-1975 8.6%
Aug-1975 8.4%
Sep-1975 8.4%
Oct-1975 8.4%
Nov-1975 8.3%
Dec-1975 8.2%
Jan-1976 7.9%
Feb-1976 7.7%
Mar-1976 7.6%
Apr-1976 7.7%
May-1976 7.4%
Jun-1976 7.6%
Jul-1976 7.8%
Aug-1976 7.8%
Sep-1976 7.6%
Oct-1976 7.7%
Nov-1976 7.8%
Dec-1976 7.8%
Jan-1977 7.5%
Feb-1977 7.6%
Mar-1977 7.4%
Apr-1977 7.2%
May-1977 7.0%
Jun-1977 7.2%
Jul-1977 6.9%
Aug-1977 7.0%
Sep-1977 6.8%
Oct-1977 6.8%
Nov-1977 6.8%
Dec-1977 6.4%
Jan-1978 6.4%
Feb-1978 6.3%
Mar-1978 6.3%
Apr-1978 6.1%
May-1978 6.0%
Jun-1978 5.9%
Jul-1978 6.2%
Aug-1978 5.9%
Sep-1978 6.0%
Oct-1978 5.8%
Nov-1978 5.9%
Dec-1978 6.0%
Jan-1979 5.9%
Feb-1979 5.9%
Mar-1979 5.8%
Apr-1979 5.8%
May-1979 5.6%
Jun-1979 5.7%
Jul-1979 5.7%
Aug-1979 6.0%
Sep-1979 5.9%
Oct-1979 6.0%
Nov-1979 5.9%
Dec-1979 6.0%
Jan-1980 6.3%
Feb-1980 6.3%
Mar-1980 6.3%
Apr-1980 6.9%
May-1980 7.5%
Jun-1980 7.6%
Jul-1980 7.8%
Aug-1980 7.7%
Sep-1980 7.5%
Oct-1980 7.5%
Nov-1980 7.5%
Dec-1980 7.2%
Jan-1981 7.5%
Feb-1981 7.4%
Mar-1981 7.4%
Apr-1981 7.2%
May-1981 7.5%
Jun-1981 7.5%
Jul-1981 7.2%
Aug-1981 7.4%
Sep-1981 7.6%
Oct-1981 7.9%
Nov-1981 8.3%
Dec-1981 8.5%
Jan-1982 8.6%
Feb-1982 8.9%
Mar-1982 9.0%
Apr-1982 9.3%
May-1982 9.4%
Jun-1982 9.6%
Jul-1982 9.8%
Aug-1982 9.8%
Sep-1982 10.1%
Oct-1982 10.4%
Nov-1982 10.8%
Dec-1982 10.8%
Jan-1983 10.4%
Feb-1983 10.4%
Mar-1983 10.3%
Apr-1983 10.2%
May-1983 10.1%
Jun-1983 10.1%
Jul-1983 9.4%
Aug-1983 9.5%
Sep-1983 9.2%
Oct-1983 8.8%
Nov-1983 8.5%
Dec-1983 8.3%
Jan-1984 8.0%
Feb-1984 7.8%
Mar-1984 7.8%
Apr-1984 7.7%
May-1984 7.4%
Jun-1984 7.2%
Jul-1984 7.5%
Aug-1984 7.5%
Sep-1984 7.3%
Oct-1984 7.4%
Nov-1984 7.2%
Dec-1984 7.3%
Jan-1985 7.3%
Feb-1985 7.2%
Mar-1985 7.2%
Apr-1985 7.3%
May-1985 7.2%
Jun-1985 7.4%
Jul-1985 7.4%
Aug-1985 7.1%
Sep-1985 7.1%
Oct-1985 7.1%
Nov-1985 7.0%
Dec-1985 7.0%
Jan-1986 6.7%
Feb-1986 7.2%
Mar-1986 7.2%
Apr-1986 7.1%
May-1986 7.2%
Jun-1986 7.2%
Jul-1986 7.0%
Aug-1986 6.9%
Sep-1986 7.0%
Oct-1986 7.0%
Nov-1986 6.9%
Dec-1986 6.6%
Jan-1987 6.6%
Feb-1987 6.6%
Mar-1987 6.6%
Apr-1987 6.3%
May-1987 6.3%
Jun-1987 6.2%
Jul-1987 6.1%
Aug-1987 6.0%
Sep-1987 5.9%
Oct-1987 6.0%
Nov-1987 5.8%
Dec-1987 5.7%
Jan-1988 5.7%
Feb-1988 5.7%
Mar-1988 5.7%
Apr-1988 5.4%
May-1988 5.6%
Jun-1988 5.4%
Jul-1988 5.4%
Aug-1988 5.6%
Sep-1988 5.4%
Oct-1988 5.4%
Nov-1988 5.3%
Dec-1988 5.3%
Jan-1989 5.4%
Feb-1989 5.2%
Mar-1989 5.0%
Apr-1989 5.2%
May-1989 5.2%
Jun-1989 5.3%
Jul-1989 5.2%
Aug-1989 5.2%
Sep-1989 5.3%
Oct-1989 5.3%
Nov-1989 5.4%
Dec-1989 5.4%
Jan-1990 5.4%
Feb-1990 5.3%
Mar-1990 5.2%
Apr-1990 5.4%
May-1990 5.4%
Jun-1990 5.2%
Jul-1990 5.5%
Aug-1990 5.7%
Sep-1990 5.9%
Oct-1990 5.9%
Nov-1990 6.2%
Dec-1990 6.3%
Jan-1991 6.4%
Feb-1991 6.6%
Mar-1991 6.8%
Apr-1991 6.7%
May-1991 6.9%
Jun-1991 6.9%
Jul-1991 6.8%
Aug-1991 6.9%
Sep-1991 6.9%
Oct-1991 7.0%
Nov-1991 7.0%
Dec-1991 7.3%
Jan-1992 7.3%
Feb-1992 7.4%
Mar-1992 7.4%
Apr-1992 7.4%
May-1992 7.6%
Jun-1992 7.8%
Jul-1992 7.7%
Aug-1992 7.6%
Sep-1992 7.6%
Oct-1992 7.3%
Nov-1992 7.4%
Dec-1992 7.4%
Jan-1993 7.3%
Feb-1993 7.1%
Mar-1993 7.0%
Apr-1993 7.1%
May-1993 7.1%
Jun-1993 7.0%
Jul-1993 6.9%
Aug-1993 6.8%
Sep-1993 6.7%
Oct-1993 6.8%
Nov-1993 6.6%
Dec-1993 6.5%
Jan-1994 6.6%
Feb-1994 6.6%
Mar-1994 6.5%
Apr-1994 6.4%
May-1994 6.1%
Jun-1994 6.1%
Jul-1994 6.1%
Aug-1994 6.0%
Sep-1994 5.9%
Oct-1994 5.8%
Nov-1994 5.6%
Dec-1994 5.5%
Jan-1995 5.6%
Feb-1995 5.4%
Mar-1995 5.4%
Apr-1995 5.8%
May-1995 5.6%
Jun-1995 5.6%
Jul-1995 5.7%
Aug-1995 5.7%
Sep-1995 5.6%
Oct-1995 5.5%
Nov-1995 5.6%
Dec-1995 5.6%
Jan-1996 5.6%
Feb-1996 5.5%
Mar-1996 5.5%
Apr-1996 5.6%
May-1996 5.6%
Jun-1996 5.3%
Jul-1996 5.5%
Aug-1996 5.1%
Sep-1996 5.2%
Oct-1996 5.2%
Nov-1996 5.4%
Dec-1996 5.4%
Jan-1997 5.3%
Feb-1997 5.2%
Mar-1997 5.2%
Apr-1997 5.1%
May-1997 4.9%
Jun-1997 5.0%
Jul-1997 4.9%
Aug-1997 4.8%
Sep-1997 4.9%
Oct-1997 4.7%
Nov-1997 4.6%
Dec-1997 4.7%
Jan-1998 4.6%
Feb-1998 4.6%
Mar-1998 4.7%
Apr-1998 4.3%
May-1998 4.4%
Jun-1998 4.5%
Jul-1998 4.5%
Aug-1998 4.5%
Sep-1998 4.6%
Oct-1998 4.5%
Nov-1998 4.4%
Dec-1998 4.4%
Jan-1999 4.3%
Feb-1999 4.4%
Mar-1999 4.2%
Apr-1999 4.3%
May-1999 4.2%
Jun-1999 4.3%
Jul-1999 4.3%
Aug-1999 4.2%
Sep-1999 4.2%
Oct-1999 4.1%
Nov-1999 4.1%
Dec-1999 4.0%
Jan-2000 4.0%
Feb-2000 4.1%
Mar-2000 4.0%
Apr-2000 3.8%
May-2000 4.0%
Jun-2000 4.0%
Jul-2000 4.0%
Aug-2000 4.1%
Sep-2000 3.9%
Oct-2000 3.9%
Nov-2000 3.9%
Dec-2000 3.9%
Jan-2001 4.2%
Feb-2001 4.2%
Mar-2001 4.3%
Apr-2001 4.4%
May-2001 4.3%
Jun-2001 4.5%
Jul-2001 4.6%
Aug-2001 4.9%
Sep-2001 5.0%
Oct-2001 5.3%
Nov-2001 5.5%
Dec-2001 5.7%
Jan-2002 5.7%
Feb-2002 5.7%
Mar-2002 5.7%
Apr-2002 5.9%
May-2002 5.8%
Jun-2002 5.8%
Jul-2002 5.8%
Aug-2002 5.7%
Sep-2002 5.7%
Oct-2002 5.7%
Nov-2002 5.9%
Dec-2002 6.0%
Jan-2003 5.8%
Feb-2003 5.9%
Mar-2003 5.9%
Apr-2003 6.0%
May-2003 6.1%
Jun-2003 6.3%
Jul-2003 6.2%
Aug-2003 6.1%
Sep-2003 6.1%
Oct-2003 6.0%
Nov-2003 5.8%
Dec-2003 5.7%
Jan-2004 5.7%
Feb-2004 5.6%
Mar-2004 5.8%
Apr-2004 5.6%
May-2004 5.6%
Jun-2004 5.6%
Jul-2004 5.5%
Aug-2004 5.4%
Sep-2004 5.4%
Oct-2004 5.5%
Nov-2004 5.4%
Dec-2004 5.4%
Jan-2005 5.3%
Feb-2005 5.4%
Mar-2005 5.2%
Apr-2005 5.2%
May-2005 5.1%
Jun-2005 5.0%
Jul-2005 5.0%
Aug-2005 4.9%
Sep-2005 5.0%
Oct-2005 5.0%
Nov-2005 5.0%
Dec-2005 4.9%
Jan-2006 4.7%
Feb-2006 4.8%
Mar-2006 4.7%
Apr-2006 4.7%
May-2006 4.6%
Jun-2006 4.6%
Jul-2006 4.7%
Aug-2006 4.7%
Sep-2006 4.5%
Oct-2006 4.4%
Nov-2006 4.5%
Dec-2006 4.4%
Jan-2007 4.6%
Feb-2007 4.5%
Mar-2007 4.4%
Apr-2007 4.5%
May-2007 4.4%
Jun-2007 4.6%
Jul-2007 4.7%
Aug-2007 4.6%
Sep-2007 4.7%
Oct-2007 4.7%
Nov-2007 4.7%
Dec-2007 5.0%
Jan-2008 5.0%
Feb-2008 4.9%
Mar-2008 5.1%
Apr-2008 5.0%
May-2008 5.4%
Jun-2008 5.6%
Jul-2008 5.8%
Aug-2008 6.1%
Sep-2008 6.1%
Oct-2008 6.5%
Nov-2008 6.8%
Dec-2008 7.3%
Jan-2009 7.8%
Feb-2009 8.3%
Mar-2009 8.7%
Apr-2009 9.0%
May-2009 9.4%
Jun-2009 9.5%
Jul-2009 9.5%
Aug-2009 9.6%
Sep-2009 9.8%
Oct-2009 10.0%
Nov-2009 9.9%
Dec-2009 9.9%
Jan-2010 9.8%
Feb-2010 9.8%
Mar-2010 9.9%
Apr-2010 9.9%
May-2010 9.6%
Jun-2010 9.4%
Jul-2010 9.4%
Aug-2010 9.5%
Sep-2010 9.5%
Oct-2010 9.4%
Nov-2010 9.8%
Dec-2010 9.3%
Jan-2011 9.1%
Feb-2011 9.0%
Mar-2011 9.0%
Apr-2011 9.1%
May-2011 9.0%
Jun-2011 9.1%
Jul-2011 9.0%
Aug-2011 9.0%
Sep-2011 9.0%
Oct-2011 8.8%
Nov-2011 8.6%
Dec-2011 8.5%
Jan-2012 8.3%
Feb-2012 8.3%
Mar-2012 8.2%
Apr-2012 8.2%
May-2012 8.2%
Jun-2012 8.2%
Jul-2012 8.2%
Aug-2012 8.1%
Sep-2012 7.8%
Oct-2012 7.8%
Nov-2012 7.7%
Dec-2012 7.9%
Jan-2013 8.0%
Feb-2013 7.7%
Mar-2013 7.5%
Apr-2013 7.6%
May-2013 7.5%
Jun-2013 7.5%
Jul-2013 7.3%
Aug-2013 7.2%
Sep-2013 7.2%
Oct-2013 7.2%
Nov-2013 6.9%
Dec-2013 6.7%
Jan-2014 6.6%
Feb-2014 6.7%
Mar-2014 6.7%
Apr-2014 6.2%
May-2014 6.3%
Jun-2014 6.1%
Jul-2014 6.2%
Aug-2014 6.1%
Sep-2014 5.9%
Oct-2014 5.7%
Nov-2014 5.8%
Dec-2014 5.6%
Jan-2015 5.7%
Feb-2015 5.5%
Mar-2015 5.4%
Apr-2015 5.4%
May-2015 5.6%
Jun-2015 5.3%
Jul-2015 5.2%
Aug-2015 5.1%
Sep-2015 5.0%
Oct-2015 5.0%
Nov-2015 5.1%
Dec-2015 5.0%
Jan-2016 4.9%
Feb-2016 4.9%
Mar-2016 5.0%
Apr-2016 5.0%
May-2016 4.8%
Jun-2016 4.9%
Jul-2016 4.8%
Aug-2016 4.9%
Sep-2016 5.0%
Oct-2016 4.9%
Nov-2016 4.7%
Dec-2016 4.7%
Jan-2017 4.7%
Feb-2017 4.6%
Mar-2017 4.4%
Apr-2017 4.4%
May-2017 4.4%
Jun-2017 4.3%
Jul-2017 4.3%
Aug-2017 4.4%
Sep-2017 4.2%
Oct-2017 4.1%
Nov-2017 4.2%
Dec-2017 4.1%
Jan-2018 4.1%
Feb-2018 4.1%
Mar-2018 4.0%
Apr-2018 4.0%
May-2018 3.8%
Jun-2018 4.0%
Jul-2018 3.8%
Aug-2018 3.8%
Sep-2018 3.7%
Oct-2018 3.8%
Nov-2018 3.7%
Dec-2018 3.9%
Jan-2019 4.0%
Feb-2019 3.8%
Mar-2019 3.8%
Apr-2019 3.6%
May-2019 3.6%
Jun-2019 3.7%
Jul-2019 3.7%
Aug-2019 3.7%
Sep-2019 3.5%
Oct-2019 3.6%
Nov-2019 3.5%
Dec-2019 3.5%
Jan-2020 3.6%
Feb-2020 3.5%
Mar-2020 4.4%
Apr-2020 14.7%
May-2020 13.3%
Jun-2020 11.1%
Jul-2020 10.2%
Aug-2020 8.4%
Sep-2020 7.9%
Oct-2020 6.9%

 

ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Note: Shaded areas denote recessions.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Population Survey

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Share of newly employed workers who said that they were not actively searching for work in the previous month

Date Share of newly employed workers who said that they were not actively searching for work in the previous month
Apr-1990 61.91%
May-1990 62.55%
Jun-1990 61.98%
Jul-1990 62.01%
Aug-1990 61.56%
Sep-1990 62.30%
Oct-1990 61.03%
Nov-1990 61.24%
Dec-1990 60.36%
Jan-1991 59.87%
Feb-1991 58.97%
Mar-1991 58.51%
Apr-1991 57.68%
May-1991 57.58%
Jun-1991 57.20%
Jul-1991 58.03%
Aug-1991 57.75%
Sep-1991 57.72%
Oct-1991 57.27%
Nov-1991 56.94%
Dec-1991 57.05%
Jan-1992 56.81%
Feb-1992 57.08%
Mar-1992 57.11%
Apr-1992 57.16%
May-1992 57.30%
Jun-1992 56.58%
Jul-1992 56.42%
Aug-1992 56.13%
Sep-1992 55.95%
Oct-1992 55.74%
Nov-1992 55.83%
Dec-1992 56.14%
Jan-1993 56.61%
Feb-1993 57.70%
Mar-1993 58.25%
Apr-1993 58.41%
May-1993 58.24%
Jun-1993 58.06%
Jul-1993 57.54%
Aug-1993 57.51%
Sep-1993 58.03%
Oct-1993 58.92%
Nov-1993 58.48%
Dec-1993 58.30%
Jan-1994 58.76%
Feb-1994 59.24%
Mar-1994 59.09%
Apr-1994 58.66%
May-1994 58.31%
Jun-1994 58.47%
Jul-1994 58.58%
Aug-1994 59.04%
Sep-1994 59.14%
Oct-1994 59.80%
Nov-1994 60.09%
Dec-1994 60.32%
Jan-1995 60.35%
Feb-1995 59.53%
Mar-1995 59.69%
Apr-1995 59.74%
May-1995 59.22%
Jun-1995 59.54%
Jul-1995 59.50%
Aug-1995 59.97%
Sep-1995 60.22%
Oct-1995 59.86%
Nov-1995 60.61%
Dec-1995 59.90%
Jan-1996 59.78%
Feb-1996 60.28%
Mar-1996 60.69%
Apr-1996 60.99%
May-1996 60.71%
Jun-1996 60.85%
Jul-1996 61.46%
Aug-1996 60.78%
Sep-1996 60.92%
Oct-1996 60.24%
Nov-1996 60.56%
Dec-1996 59.62%
Jan-1997 59.08%
Feb-1997 58.93%
Mar-1997 60.28%
Apr-1997 61.40%
May-1997 61.77%
Jun-1997 61.13%
Jul-1997 60.35%
Aug-1997 61.26%
Sep-1997 61.89%
Oct-1997 62.50%
Nov-1997 62.69%
Dec-1997 62.83%
Jan-1998 63.34%
Feb-1998 62.70%
Mar-1998 62.88%
Apr-1998 62.38%
May-1998 63.49%
Jun-1998 63.25%
Jul-1998 64.18%
Aug-1998 63.98%
Sep-1998 65.24%
Oct-1998 65.14%
Nov-1998 65.06%
Dec-1998 64.93%
Jan-1999 65.59%
Feb-1999 65.54%
Mar-1999 64.20%
Apr-1999 65.28%
May-1999 66.12%
Jun-1999 67.42%
Jul-1999 66.38%
Aug-1999 65.65%
Sep-1999 65.35%
Oct-1999 65.50%
Nov-1999 65.26%
Dec-1999 65.11%
Jan-2000 64.37%
Feb-2000 65.40%
Mar-2000 65.66%
Apr-2000 65.87%
May-2000 65.60%
Jun-2000 65.92%
Jul-2000 65.39%
Aug-2000 65.47%
Sep-2000 65.60%
Oct-2000 66.51%
Nov-2000 67.39%
Dec-2000 68.09%
Jan-2001 69.03%
Feb-2001 68.55%
Mar-2001 67.91%
Apr-2001 66.88%
May-2001 65.76%
Jun-2001 65.32%
Jul-2001 65.75%
Aug-2001 66.18%
Sep-2001 66.57%
Oct-2001 65.46%
Nov-2001 64.39%
Dec-2001 62.92%
Jan-2002 62.56%
Feb-2002 62.33%
Mar-2002 61.68%
Apr-2002 61.94%
May-2002 62.81%
Jun-2002 64.43%
Jul-2002 64.51%
Aug-2002 64.04%
Sep-2002 63.05%
Oct-2002 63.07%
Nov-2002 63.70%
Dec-2002 64.09%
Jan-2003 64.21%
Feb-2003 64.19%
Mar-2003 64.49%
Apr-2003 64.28%
May-2003 63.65%
Jun-2003 63.54%
Jul-2003 63.05%
Aug-2003 63.24%
Sep-2003 63.43%
Oct-2003 64.32%
Nov-2003 64.73%
Dec-2003 63.66%
Jan-2004 63.62%
Feb-2004 63.43%
Mar-2004 64.88%
Apr-2004 64.32%
May-2004 64.29%
Jun-2004 63.73%
Jul-2004 64.21%
Aug-2004 64.54%
Sep-2004 64.10%
Oct-2004 64.23%
Nov-2004 63.98%
Dec-2004 64.44%
Jan-2005 64.64%
Feb-2005 64.77%
Mar-2005 64.87%
Apr-2005 65.12%
May-2005 65.76%
Jun-2005 66.09%
Jul-2005 66.57%
Aug-2005 65.87%
Sep-2005 66.54%
Oct-2005 66.17%
Nov-2005 65.95%
Dec-2005 65.92%
Jan-2006 65.79%
Feb-2006 67.29%
Mar-2006 67.26%
Apr-2006 67.64%
May-2006 67.31%
Jun-2006 67.18%
Jul-2006 66.71%
Aug-2006 66.40%
Sep-2006 65.90%
Oct-2006 66.91%
Nov-2006 67.63%
Dec-2006 68.30%
Jan-2007 68.03%
Feb-2007 67.01%
Mar-2007 66.48%
Apr-2007 65.82%
May-2007 66.20%
Jun-2007 67.60%
Jul-2007 67.68%
Aug-2007 67.56%
Sep-2007 66.87%
Oct-2007 66.99%
Nov-2007 67.49%
Dec-2007 66.60%
Jan-2008 66.40%
Feb-2008 65.45%
Mar-2008 65.60%
Apr-2008 64.74%
May-2008 65.14%
Jun-2008 64.94%
Jul-2008 65.27%
Aug-2008 64.24%
Sep-2008 62.91%
Oct-2008 62.13%
Nov-2008 61.91%
Dec-2008 62.30%
Jan-2009 62.22%
Feb-2009 61.64%
Mar-2009 60.79%
Apr-2009 59.80%
May-2009 59.64%
Jun-2009 58.27%
Jul-2009 57.46%
Aug-2009 56.99%
Sep-2009 56.76%
Oct-2009 57.64%
Nov-2009 56.75%
Dec-2009 57.69%
Jan-2010 57.86%
Feb-2010 58.77%
Mar-2010 58.67%
Apr-2010 57.39%
May-2010 56.43%
Jun-2010 56.57%
Jul-2010 57.23%
Aug-2010 58.44%
Sep-2010 58.81%
Oct-2010 58.89%
Nov-2010 58.93%
Dec-2010 58.43%
Jan-2011 59.14%
Feb-2011 59.47%
Mar-2011 60.14%
Apr-2011 60.35%
May-2011 60.22%
Jun-2011 59.68%
Jul-2011 59.78%
Aug-2011 59.58%
Sep-2011 60.64%
Oct-2011 59.75%
Nov-2011 59.83%
Dec-2011 59.07%
Jan-2012 59.15%
Feb-2012 59.13%
Mar-2012 59.43%
Apr-2012 60.28%
May-2012 60.91%
Jun-2012 61.59%
Jul-2012 61.78%
Aug-2012 62.33%
Sep-2012 62.28%
Oct-2012 61.99%
Nov-2012 61.84%
Dec-2012 62.51%
Jan-2013 62.22%
Feb-2013 61.55%
Mar-2013 61.63%
Apr-2013 63.06%
May-2013 63.46%
Jun-2013 63.16%
Jul-2013 62.29%
Aug-2013 62.90%
Sep-2013 63.49%
Oct-2013 64.29%
Nov-2013 64.11%
Dec-2013 63.55%
Jan-2014 63.95%
Feb-2014 63.56%
Mar-2014 63.91%
Apr-2014 62.79%
May-2014 64.24%
Jun-2014 64.45%
Jul-2014 66.02%
Aug-2014 65.52%
Sep-2014 65.33%
Oct-2014 64.91%
Nov-2014 65.27%
Dec-2014 65.75%
Jan-2015 67.20%
Feb-2015 67.84%
Mar-2015 68.47%
Apr-2015 68.06%
May-2015 68.53%
Jun-2015 68.09%
Jul-2015 68.85%
Aug-2015 68.61%
Sep-2015 68.80%
Oct-2015 68.65%
Nov-2015 68.53%
Dec-2015 68.95%
Jan-2016 68.73%
Feb-2016 69.90%
Mar-2016 70.65%
Apr-2016 70.84%
May-2016 69.70%
Jun-2016 68.98%
Jul-2016 68.67%
Aug-2016 69.41%
Sep-2016 69.23%
Oct-2016 68.25%
Nov-2016 67.52%
Dec-2016 68.62%
Jan-2017 69.51%
Feb-2017 69.30%
Mar-2017 69.20%
Apr-2017 69.62%
May-2017 70.17%
Jun-2017 70.40%
Jul-2017 69.87%
Aug-2017 70.59%
Sep-2017 70.44%
Oct-2017 70.67%
Nov-2017 70.51%
Dec-2017 70.49%
Jan-2018 71.39%
Feb-2018 71.35%
Mar-2018 71.19%
Apr-2018 70.99%
May-2018 71.19%
Jun-2018 72.20%
Jul-2018 72.68%
Aug-2018 72.86%
Sep-2018 72.97%
Oct-2018 72.90%
Nov-2018 72.88%
Dec-2018 72.80%
Jan-2019 72.56%
Feb-2019 72.67%
Mar-2019 72.00%
Apr-2019 72.10%
May-2019 73.00%
Jun-2019 73.70%
Jul-2019 74.18%
Aug-2019 73.85%
Sep-2019 73.74%
Oct-2019 74.53%
Nov-2019 74.45%
Dec-2019 74.20%
Jan-2020 73.21%
Feb-2020 72.63%
Mar-2020 73.14%
Apr-2020 73.09%
May-2020 62.75%
Jun-2020 50.42%
Jul-2020 41.23%
Aug-2020 44.44%
Sep-2020 50.48%
Oct-2020 54.74%

 

ChartData Download data

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Note: Because of volatility in these data, the line reflects three month moving averages

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Labor Force Flows: Unemployed to Employed (16 Years and Over) [LNS17100000], and Not in Labor Force to Employed (16 years and over) [LNS17200000], retrieved from FRED (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis).

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