Economic Indicators JOLTS

The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) tells us how many job openings there are each month, how many workers were hired, how many quit their job, how many were laid off, and how many experienced other separations (which includes worker deaths).


Key numbers • April 2021

1.03 Job seekers ratio • The number of unemployed persons per job opening
278 thousand Excess unemployed • The number of unemployed persons in excess of the number job openings

April

Next update: July 2021

By Elise Gould • June 08, 2021

Below, EPI senior economist Elise Gould offers her initial insights on today’s release of the Jobs and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) for April. Read the full Twitter thread here.

Quick reminders about the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS):

  • JOLTS data provide information on all pieces that go into the net change in the number of jobs. These components include hires, layoffs, voluntary quits, and other job separations (which includes retirements and worker deaths). Putting those components together reveals the overall (or net) change.
  • JOLTS data provide information about the end of one month to the end of the next, whereas the monthly employment numbers provide information from the middle of one month to the middle of the next.

Hires, quits, and layoff rates, 2000–2021

Date Hires Quits Layoffs
2000-12-01 4.1 2.2 1.5
2001-01-01 4.3 2.4 1.7
2001-02-01 4 2.3 1.4
2001-03-01 4.2 2.3 1.6
2001-04-01 3.9 2.4 1.4
2001-05-01 4.1 2.3 1.5
2001-06-01 3.9 2.2 1.5
2001-07-01 4 2.2 1.5
2001-08-01 4 2.2 1.5
2001-09-01 3.8 2.1 1.6
2001-10-01 3.9 2.1 1.8
2001-11-01 3.7 2 1.7
2001-12-01 3.7 2 1.5
2002-01-01 3.7 2.2 1.5
2002-02-01 3.7 2 1.5
2002-03-01 3.6 1.9 1.4
2002-04-01 3.8 2 1.5
2002-05-01 3.7 1.9 1.5
2002-06-01 3.7 1.9 1.5
2002-07-01 3.8 2 1.6
2002-08-01 3.7 2 1.5
2002-09-01 3.7 1.9 1.5
2002-10-01 3.7 1.9 1.5
2002-11-01 3.7 1.8 1.5
2002-12-01 3.7 1.9 1.5
2003-01-01 3.9 1.9 1.6
2003-02-01 3.6 1.9 1.5
2003-03-01 3.4 1.8 1.5
2003-04-01 3.5 1.8 1.5
2003-05-01 3.6 1.8 1.6
2003-06-01 3.6 1.8 1.6
2003-07-01 3.6 1.7 1.6
2003-08-01 3.6 1.7 1.7
2003-09-01 3.7 1.8 1.5
2003-10-01 3.8 1.9 1.5
2003-11-01 3.7 1.8 1.5
2003-12-01 3.8 1.9 1.5
2004-01-01 3.7 1.8 1.6
2004-02-01 3.7 1.9 1.5
2004-03-01 4 2 1.6
2004-04-01 3.9 1.9 1.5
2004-05-01 3.8 1.8 1.5
2004-06-01 3.8 2 1.4
2004-07-01 3.7 2 1.4
2004-08-01 3.8 2 1.5
2004-09-01 3.8 1.9 1.5
2004-10-01 3.9 1.9 1.4
2004-11-01 3.9 2.1 1.5
2004-12-01 3.9 2 1.5
2005-01-01 3.9 2.1 1.5
2005-02-01 4 2 1.6
2005-03-01 4 2.1 1.6
2005-04-01 4 2.1 1.5
2005-05-01 3.9 2.1 1.5
2005-06-01 4 2.1 1.5
2005-07-01 4 2 1.4
2005-08-01 4 2.2 1.4
2005-09-01 4.1 2.3 1.5
2005-10-01 3.8 2.1 1.4
2005-11-01 4 2.1 1.3
2005-12-01 3.9 2.1 1.4
2006-01-01 3.9 2.2 1.3
2006-02-01 4 2.2 1.4
2006-03-01 4.1 2.2 1.4
2006-04-01 3.8 2 1.4
2006-05-01 4 2.2 1.5
2006-06-01 4 2.2 1.3
2006-07-01 4.1 2.2 1.4
2006-08-01 3.9 2.2 1.3
2006-09-01 3.9 2.1 1.3
2006-10-01 3.9 2.2 1.4
2006-11-01 4 2.2 1.4
2006-12-01 3.8 2.2 1.3
2007-01-01 3.9 2.1 1.4
2007-02-01 3.8 2.1 1.3
2007-03-01 4 2.2 1.4
2007-04-01 3.9 2.1 1.5
2007-05-01 4 2.2 1.4
2007-06-01 3.8 2.1 1.3
2007-07-01 3.8 2.1 1.4
2007-08-01 3.9 2.2 1.5
2007-09-01 3.9 1.9 1.6
2007-10-01 3.9 2.1 1.4
2007-11-01 3.7 2 1.4
2007-12-01 3.7 2 1.4
2008-01-01 3.7 2.1 1.4
2008-02-01 3.7 2.1 1.4
2008-03-01 3.6 1.9 1.4
2008-04-01 3.6 2.1 1.4
2008-05-01 3.4 1.9 1.4
2008-06-01 3.6 1.9 1.6
2008-07-01 3.4 1.8 1.5
2008-08-01 3.4 1.8 1.6
2008-09-01 3.3 1.8 1.5
2008-10-01 3.3 1.7 1.7
2008-11-01 3 1.6 1.7
2008-12-01 3.2 1.5 1.8
2009-01-01 3.1 1.5 1.9
2009-02-01 3 1.5 1.9
2009-03-01 2.9 1.4 1.9
2009-04-01 2.9 1.3 2
2009-05-01 2.9 1.3 1.7
2009-06-01 2.8 1.3 1.7
2009-07-01 3 1.3 1.7
2009-08-01 2.9 1.2 1.6
2009-09-01 3 1.2 1.7
2009-10-01 3 1.3 1.6
2009-11-01 3.1 1.4 1.5
2009-12-01 3.1 1.4 1.6
2010-01-01 3 1.3 1.4
2010-02-01 3 1.4 1.4
2010-03-01 3.3 1.4 1.5
2010-04-01 3.2 1.5 1.3
2010-05-01 3.4 1.4 1.3
2010-06-01 3.1 1.5 1.6
2010-07-01 3.2 1.4 1.7
2010-08-01 3.1 1.4 1.4
2010-09-01 3.1 1.5 1.4
2010-10-01 3.2 1.4 1.3
2010-11-01 3.2 1.4 1.4
2010-12-01 3.3 1.5 1.4
2011-01-01 3.1 1.4 1.4
2011-02-01 3.2 1.5 1.3
2011-03-01 3.4 1.5 1.4
2011-04-01 3.3 1.4 1.4
2011-05-01 3.2 1.5 1.4
2011-06-01 3.3 1.5 1.5
2011-07-01 3.2 1.5 1.4
2011-08-01 3.3 1.5 1.4
2011-09-01 3.3 1.5 1.4
2011-10-01 3.3 1.5 1.4
2011-11-01 3.3 1.5 1.4
2011-12-01 3.3 1.5 1.4
2012-01-01 3.3 1.5 1.3
2012-02-01 3.4 1.6 1.4
2012-03-01 3.4 1.6 1.3
2012-04-01 3.3 1.6 1.4
2012-05-01 3.4 1.6 1.5
2012-06-01 3.3 1.6 1.4
2012-07-01 3.2 1.5 1.3
2012-08-01 3.3 1.5 1.4
2012-09-01 3.2 1.4 1.3
2012-10-01 3.3 1.5 1.4
2012-11-01 3.3 1.5 1.4
2012-12-01 3.3 1.5 1.3
2013-01-01 3.3 1.7 1.2
2013-02-01 3.4 1.7 1.2
2013-03-01 3.2 1.6 1.3
2013-04-01 3.4 1.7 1.3
2013-05-01 3.4 1.6 1.3
2013-06-01 3.3 1.6 1.3
2013-07-01 3.3 1.7 1.3
2013-08-01 3.5 1.7 1.3
2013-09-01 3.5 1.7 1.4
2013-10-01 3.3 1.7 1.2
2013-11-01 3.4 1.7 1.2
2013-12-01 3.4 1.7 1.3
2014-01-01 3.4 1.7 1.3
2014-02-01 3.4 1.8 1.3
2014-03-01 3.5 1.8 1.2
2014-04-01 3.5 1.8 1.3
2014-05-01 3.5 1.8 1.2
2014-06-01 3.5 1.8 1.3
2014-07-01 3.6 1.9 1.3
2014-08-01 3.5 1.8 1.2
2014-09-01 3.7 2 1.2
2014-10-01 3.7 1.9 1.3
2014-11-01 3.6 1.9 1.2
2014-12-01 3.7 1.8 1.3
2015-01-01 3.6 2 1.3
2015-02-01 3.6 1.9 1.2
2015-03-01 3.6 2 1.4
2015-04-01 3.7 1.9 1.3
2015-05-01 3.6 1.9 1.2
2015-06-01 3.6 1.9 1.3
2015-07-01 3.6 1.9 1.2
2015-08-01 3.6 2 1.2
2015-09-01 3.7 2 1.4
2015-10-01 3.7 2 1.3
2015-11-01 3.8 2 1.2
2015-12-01 3.9 2.1 1.3
2016-01-01 3.6 2 1.3
2016-02-01 3.8 2.1 1.3
2016-03-01 3.7 2 1.3
2016-04-01 3.7 2.1 1.2
2016-05-01 3.6 2.1 1.3
2016-06-01 3.7 2.1 1.2
2016-07-01 3.8 2.1 1.2
2016-08-01 3.7 2.1 1.3
2016-09-01 3.7 2.1 1.1
2016-10-01 3.6 2.1 1.1
2016-11-01 3.7 2.1 1.2
2016-12-01 3.7 2.1 1.2
2017-01-01 3.8 2.2 1.2
2017-02-01 3.7 2.1 1.2
2017-03-01 3.7 2.2 1.2
2017-04-01 3.6 2.1 1.2
2017-05-01 3.7 2.1 1.2
2017-06-01 3.9 2.2 1.3
2017-07-01 3.8 2.1 1.3
2017-08-01 3.8 2.1 1.3
2017-09-01 3.7 2.2 1.3
2017-10-01 3.8 2.2 1.2
2017-11-01 3.7 2.1 1.2
2017-12-01 3.7 2.2 1.1
2018-01-01 3.7 2.1 1.4
2018-02-01 3.8 2.2 1.2
2018-03-01 3.8 2.2 1.2
2018-04-01 3.8 2.3 1.2
2018-05-01 3.9 2.3 1.2
2018-06-01 3.9 2.3 1.2
2018-07-01 3.8 2.3 1.2
2018-08-01 3.9 2.3 1.2
2018-09-01 3.8 2.3 1.2
2018-10-01 3.9 2.3 1.2
2018-11-01 3.9 2.3 1.3
2018-12-01 3.8 2.3 1.2
2019-01-01 3.8 2.3 1.1
2019-02-01 3.8 2.4 1.2
2019-03-01 3.8 2.3 1.1
2019-04-01 4 2.3 1.3
2019-05-01 3.8 2.3 1.2
2019-06-01 3.8 2.3 1.2
2019-07-01 4 2.4 1.2
2019-08-01 3.9 2.4 1.2
2019-09-01 3.9 2.3 1.3
2019-10-01 3.8 2.3 1.2
2019-11-01 3.8 2.3 1.2
2019-12-01 3.9 2.3 1.3
2020-01-01 3.9 2.3 1.2
2020-02-01 3.9 2.2 1.3
2020-03-01 3.4 1.9 8.6
2020-04-01 3 1.6 7.2
2020-05-01 6.2 1.7 1.6
2020-06-01 5.6 1.9 1.6
2020-07-01 4.5 2.3 1.3
2020-08-01 4.6 2.1 1.1
2020-09-01 4.2 2.3 1.1
2020-10-01 4.2 2.4 1.2
2020-11-01 4.2 2.3 1.5
2020-12-01 3.8 2.4 1.3
2021-01-01 3.8 2.3 1.2
2021-02-01 4 2.4 1.2
2021-03-01 4.2 2.5 1.1
2021-04-01 4.2 2.7 1

 

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Notes: Shaded areas denote recessions. The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. The layoff rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment. The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey

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Total hires, layoffs, and quits, 2000-2021

Date Hires Quits Layoffs
2000-12-01 5,426 2,882 2,018
2001-01-01 5,722 3,245 2,220
2001-02-01 5,303 3,053 1,855
2001-03-01 5,528 3,054 2,133
2001-04-01 5,204 3,163 1,883
2001-05-01 5,410 2,993 2,029
2001-06-01 5,109 2,878 2,015
2001-07-01 5,244 2,947 2,038
2001-08-01 5,223 2,928 2,011
2001-09-01 4,954 2,703 2,107
2001-10-01 5,078 2,795 2,319
2001-11-01 4,914 2,560 2,255
2001-12-01 4,829 2,559 1,922
2002-01-01 4,855 2,845 1,907
2002-02-01 4,801 2,572 1,978
2002-03-01 4,706 2,493 1,883
2002-04-01 4,928 2,624 1,956
2002-05-01 4,857 2,537 1,967
2002-06-01 4,869 2,522 2,015
2002-07-01 4,946 2,561 2,102
2002-08-01 4,871 2,561 1,923
2002-09-01 4,879 2,521 2,022
2002-10-01 4,798 2,423 1,935
2002-11-01 4,792 2,403 1,944
2002-12-01 4,893 2,501 2,007
2003-01-01 5,058 2,429 2,109
2003-02-01 4,714 2,490 2,015
2003-03-01 4,470 2,394 1,949
2003-04-01 4,600 2,279 1,998
2003-05-01 4,678 2,291 2,072
2003-06-01 4,682 2,315 2,076
2003-07-01 4,639 2,271 2,062
2003-08-01 4,666 2,195 2,162
2003-09-01 4,799 2,354 1,932
2003-10-01 4,902 2,415 1,969
2003-11-01 4,767 2,411 1,951
2003-12-01 4,984 2,444 2,007
2004-01-01 4,900 2,354 2,037
2004-02-01 4,788 2,448 1,985
2004-03-01 5,227 2,582 2,065
2004-04-01 5,152 2,534 2,010
2004-05-01 4,976 2,428 1,914
2004-06-01 5,009 2,659 1,887
2004-07-01 4,891 2,609 1,885
2004-08-01 5,013 2,586 1,974
2004-09-01 5,062 2,531 2,027
2004-10-01 5,149 2,550 1,903
2004-11-01 5,181 2,789 2,037
2004-12-01 5,153 2,695 1,951
2005-01-01 5,201 2,732 2,008
2005-02-01 5,276 2,651 2,068
2005-03-01 5,273 2,747 2,188
2005-04-01 5,362 2,741 1,957
2005-05-01 5,271 2,763 2,021
2005-06-01 5,376 2,754 2,015
2005-07-01 5,328 2,735 1,898
2005-08-01 5,409 2,957 1,905
2005-09-01 5,493 3,046 2,032
2005-10-01 5,124 2,863 1,873
2005-11-01 5,344 2,895 1,769
2005-12-01 5,294 2,849 1,923
2006-01-01 5,271 2,945 1,784
2006-02-01 5,474 2,965 1,882
2006-03-01 5,524 2,956 1,888
2006-04-01 5,215 2,778 1,853
2006-05-01 5,498 3,002 1,991
2006-06-01 5,455 3,042 1,817
2006-07-01 5,573 3,047 1,860
2006-08-01 5,373 3,056 1,775
2006-09-01 5,288 2,888 1,831
2006-10-01 5,375 2,983 1,898
2006-11-01 5,495 3,043 1,926
2006-12-01 5,214 2,999 1,772
2007-01-01 5,426 2,956 1,922
2007-02-01 5,160 2,933 1,850
2007-03-01 5,479 2,997 1,882
2007-04-01 5,353 2,911 2,000
2007-05-01 5,469 3,010 1,967
2007-06-01 5,267 2,910 1,845
2007-07-01 5,217 2,951 1,896
2007-08-01 5,358 3,014 2,033
2007-09-01 5,344 2,691 2,188
2007-10-01 5,398 2,926 1,998
2007-11-01 5,176 2,784 1,966
2007-12-01 5,119 2,773 1,915
2008-01-01 5,071 2,847 1,989
2008-02-01 5,077 2,881 1,995
2008-03-01 4,924 2,661 1,918
2008-04-01 4,948 2,837 1,958
2008-05-01 4,691 2,607 1,950
2008-06-01 4,893 2,595 2,172
2008-07-01 4,637 2,489 2,071
2008-08-01 4,682 2,445 2,190
2008-09-01 4,499 2,468 2,088
2008-10-01 4,548 2,347 2,250
2008-11-01 4,104 2,157 2,290
2008-12-01 4,348 2,084 2,482
2009-01-01 4,095 1,976 2,581
2009-02-01 4,061 1,952 2,599
2009-03-01 3,858 1,834 2,575
2009-04-01 3,888 1,712 2,654
2009-05-01 3,758 1,683 2,231
2009-06-01 3,639 1,685 2,261
2009-07-01 3,857 1,685 2,267
2009-08-01 3,810 1,555 2,119
2009-09-01 3,944 1,627 2,195
2009-10-01 3,838 1,660 2,028
2009-11-01 4,024 1,810 1,913
2009-12-01 4,004 1,766 2,033
2010-01-01 3,904 1,742 1,880
2010-02-01 3,864 1,844 1,825
2010-03-01 4,302 1,856 1,924
2010-04-01 4,159 1,897 1,749
2010-05-01 4,420 1,813 1,762
2010-06-01 4,111 1,911 2,075
2010-07-01 4,163 1,785 2,166
2010-08-01 4,046 1,842 1,890
2010-09-01 4,034 1,895 1,832
2010-10-01 4,173 1,846 1,745
2010-11-01 4,182 1,887 1,849
2010-12-01 4,299 1,977 1,854
2011-01-01 4,000 1,832 1,827
2011-02-01 4,231 1,958 1,755
2011-03-01 4,430 2,033 1,794
2011-04-01 4,296 1,882 1,792
2011-05-01 4,261 1,965 1,904
2011-06-01 4,366 1,923 1,942
2011-07-01 4,261 1,986 1,845
2011-08-01 4,298 2,031 1,845
2011-09-01 4,429 2,041 1,872
2011-10-01 4,370 1,997 1,794
2011-11-01 4,365 2,039 1,912
2011-12-01 4,356 1,981 1,801
2012-01-01 4,457 2,030 1,797
2012-02-01 4,560 2,130 1,903
2012-03-01 4,575 2,167 1,784
2012-04-01 4,389 2,134 1,880
2012-05-01 4,533 2,138 1,969
2012-06-01 4,440 2,152 1,892
2012-07-01 4,327 2,072 1,722
2012-08-01 4,450 2,069 1,894
2012-09-01 4,302 1,950 1,805
2012-10-01 4,389 2,035 1,891
2012-11-01 4,489 2,078 1,921
2012-12-01 4,452 2,051 1,700
2013-01-01 4,487 2,280 1,678
2013-02-01 4,571 2,298 1,664
2013-03-01 4,369 2,124 1,787
2013-04-01 4,572 2,296 1,793
2013-05-01 4,663 2,234 1,836
2013-06-01 4,440 2,203 1,761
2013-07-01 4,561 2,363 1,713
2013-08-01 4,730 2,316 1,816
2013-09-01 4,726 2,302 1,892
2013-10-01 4,518 2,372 1,675
2013-11-01 4,622 2,391 1,630
2013-12-01 4,614 2,287 1,770
2014-01-01 4,626 2,311 1,806
2014-02-01 4,696 2,411 1,767
2014-03-01 4,763 2,449 1,703
2014-04-01 4,880 2,474 1,764
2014-05-01 4,808 2,483 1,710
2014-06-01 4,925 2,507 1,761
2014-07-01 5,008 2,633 1,781
2014-08-01 4,810 2,549 1,699
2014-09-01 5,149 2,732 1,718
2014-10-01 5,111 2,718 1,835
2014-11-01 4,978 2,600 1,726
2014-12-01 5,192 2,552 1,857
2015-01-01 5,061 2,764 1,789
2015-02-01 5,127 2,741 1,757
2015-03-01 5,126 2,754 1,973
2015-04-01 5,196 2,705 1,856
2015-05-01 5,142 2,743 1,711
2015-06-01 5,125 2,756 1,821
2015-07-01 5,150 2,764 1,703
2015-08-01 5,163 2,879 1,773
2015-09-01 5,287 2,778 1,964
2015-10-01 5,338 2,810 1,845
2015-11-01 5,358 2,897 1,779
2015-12-01 5,540 3,056 1,803
2016-01-01 5,220 2,875 1,805
2016-02-01 5,470 2,994 1,894
2016-03-01 5,359 2,917 1,850
2016-04-01 5,294 2,955 1,771
2016-05-01 5,197 3,009 1,825
2016-06-01 5,281 3,018 1,750
2016-07-01 5,426 2,967 1,759
2016-08-01 5,327 2,998 1,860
2016-09-01 5,306 3,047 1,588
2016-10-01 5,210 3,074 1,664
2016-11-01 5,308 3,026 1,751
2016-12-01 5,343 2,989 1,708
2017-01-01 5,497 3,166 1,738
2017-02-01 5,345 3,085 1,714
2017-03-01 5,394 3,145 1,759
2017-04-01 5,309 3,028 1,705
2017-05-01 5,477 3,125 1,804
2017-06-01 5,664 3,166 1,935
2017-07-01 5,508 3,107 1,858
2017-08-01 5,571 3,109 1,919
2017-09-01 5,409 3,214 1,885
2017-10-01 5,605 3,177 1,835
2017-11-01 5,463 3,166 1,740
2017-12-01 5,424 3,194 1,676
2018-01-01 5,459 3,034 1,994
2018-02-01 5,633 3,200 1,758
2018-03-01 5,636 3,305 1,783
2018-04-01 5,610 3,366 1,741
2018-05-01 5,865 3,401 1,767
2018-06-01 5,777 3,401 1,793
2018-07-01 5,707 3,444 1,791
2018-08-01 5,863 3,476 1,838
2018-09-01 5,616 3,424 1,778
2018-10-01 5,876 3,460 1,824
2018-11-01 5,815 3,435 1,905
2018-12-01 5,709 3,381 1,824
2019-01-01 5,741 3,521 1,689
2019-02-01 5,668 3,543 1,769
2019-03-01 5,684 3,524 1,721
2019-04-01 6,051 3,494 1,954
2019-05-01 5,719 3,487 1,776
2019-06-01 5,776 3,527 1,771
2019-07-01 5,987 3,627 1,826
2019-08-01 5,907 3,591 1,825
2019-09-01 5,970 3,449 1,982
2019-10-01 5,799 3,414 1,793
2019-11-01 5,842 3,482 1,788
2019-12-01 5,882 3,487 1,952
2020-01-01 5,974 3,568 1,788
2020-02-01 5,979 3,430 1,953
2020-03-01 5,132 2,902 13,046
2020-04-01 3,942 2,107 9,307
2020-05-01 8,272 2,206 2,096
2020-06-01 7,697 2,646 2,204
2020-07-01 6,237 3,182 1,845
2020-08-01 6,431 2,987 1,573
2020-09-01 5,932 3,307 1,555
2020-10-01 6,035 3,352 1,728
2020-11-01 6,019 3,296 2,123
2020-12-01 5,411 3,407 1,823
2021-01-01 5,465 3,306 1,724
2021-02-01 5,794 3,383 1,723
2021-03-01 6,006 3,568 1,525
2021-04-01 6,075 3,952 1,444
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The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Note: Shaded areas denote recessions.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey

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The job-seekers ratio, 2000–2021

Date Unemployed job seekers per job opening
2000-12-01 1.15
2001-01-01 1.16
2001-02-01 1.20
2001-03-01 1.30
2001-04-01 1.35
2001-05-01 1.44
2001-06-01 1.50
2001-07-01 1.53
2001-08-01 1.76
2001-09-01 1.82
2001-10-01 2.12
2001-11-01 2.15
2001-12-01 2.24
2002-01-01 2.22
2002-02-01 2.40
2002-03-01 2.34
2002-04-01 2.45
2002-05-01 2.43
2002-06-01 2.46
2002-07-01 2.48
2002-08-01 2.35
2002-09-01 2.51
2002-10-01 2.42
2002-11-01 2.44
2002-12-01 2.71
2003-01-01 2.49
2003-02-01 2.66
2003-03-01 2.81
2003-04-01 2.86
2003-05-01 2.77
2003-06-01 2.70
2003-07-01 3.00
2003-08-01 2.79
2003-09-01 2.86
2003-10-01 2.62
2003-11-01 2.54
2003-12-01 2.44
2004-01-01 2.41
2004-02-01 2.36
2004-03-01 2.36
2004-04-01 2.33
2004-05-01 2.22
2004-06-01 2.46
2004-07-01 2.11
2004-08-01 2.25
2004-09-01 2.09
2004-10-01 2.03
2004-11-01 2.28
2004-12-01 1.93
2005-01-01 2.07
2005-02-01 1.98
2005-03-01 1.91
2005-04-01 1.84
2005-05-01 2.00
2005-06-01 1.84
2005-07-01 1.73
2005-08-01 1.80
2005-09-01 1.72
2005-10-01 1.79
2005-11-01 1.75
2005-12-01 1.67
2006-01-01 1.62
2006-02-01 1.65
2006-03-01 1.50
2006-04-01 1.47
2006-05-01 1.57
2006-06-01 1.54
2006-07-01 1.62
2006-08-01 1.48
2006-09-01 1.43
2006-10-01 1.48
2006-11-01 1.47
2006-12-01 1.50
2007-01-01 1.47
2007-02-01 1.45
2007-03-01 1.37
2007-04-01 1.45
2007-05-01 1.48
2007-06-01 1.45
2007-07-01 1.55
2007-08-01 1.57
2007-09-01 1.55
2007-10-01 1.56
2007-11-01 1.60
2007-12-01 1.69
2008-01-01 1.64
2008-02-01 1.79
2008-03-01 1.83
2008-04-01 1.99
2008-05-01 2.02
2008-06-01 2.29
2008-07-01 2.45
2008-08-01 2.58
2008-09-01 3.04
2008-10-01 3.05
2008-11-01 3.38
2008-12-01 3.71
2009-01-01 4.56
2009-02-01 4.60
2009-03-01 5.38
2009-04-01 6.18
2009-05-01 5.73
2009-06-01 5.85
2009-07-01 6.59
2009-08-01 6.38
2009-09-01 6.10
2009-10-01 6.35
2009-11-01 6.06
2009-12-01 5.87
2010-01-01 5.32
2010-02-01 5.69
2010-03-01 5.70
2010-04-01 4.78
2010-05-01 4.91
2010-06-01 5.17
2010-07-01 4.73
2010-08-01 4.87
2010-09-01 4.99
2010-10-01 4.57
2010-11-01 4.58
2010-12-01 4.64
2011-01-01 4.48
2011-02-01 4.27
2011-03-01 4.25
2011-04-01 4.27
2011-05-01 4.38
2011-06-01 4.01
2011-07-01 3.81
2011-08-01 4.17
2011-09-01 3.65
2011-10-01 3.72
2011-11-01 3.70
2011-12-01 3.44
2012-01-01 3.28
2012-02-01 3.53
2012-03-01 3.19
2012-04-01 3.34
2012-05-01 3.31
2012-06-01 3.24
2012-07-01 3.36
2012-08-01 3.23
2012-09-01 3.12
2012-10-01 3.20
2012-11-01 3.13
2012-12-01 3.12
2013-01-01 3.11
2013-02-01 2.95
2013-03-01 2.88
2013-04-01 2.94
2013-05-01 2.82
2013-06-01 2.78
2013-07-01 2.91
2013-08-01 2.76
2013-09-01 2.71
2013-10-01 2.60
2013-11-01 2.57
2013-12-01 2.50
2014-01-01 2.49
2014-02-01 2.37
2014-03-01 2.29
2014-04-01 2.14
2014-05-01 2.03
2014-06-01 1.91
2014-07-01 1.98
2014-08-01 1.76
2014-09-01 1.86
2014-10-01 1.80
2014-11-01 1.84
2014-12-01 1.72
2015-01-01 1.64
2015-02-01 1.57
2015-03-01 1.64
2015-04-01 1.55
2015-05-01 1.54
2015-06-01 1.56
2015-07-01 1.33
2015-08-01 1.45
2015-09-01 1.44
2015-10-01 1.38
2015-11-01 1.39
2015-12-01 1.33
2016-01-01 1.27
2016-02-01 1.36
2016-03-01 1.31
2016-04-01 1.35
2016-05-01 1.33
2016-06-01 1.34
2016-07-01 1.29
2016-08-01 1.39
2016-09-01 1.34
2016-10-01 1.37
2016-11-01 1.26
2016-12-01 1.26
2017-01-01 1.31
2017-02-01 1.22
2017-03-01 1.23
2017-04-01 1.16
2017-05-01 1.19
2017-06-01 1.08
2017-07-01 1.12
2017-08-01 1.10
2017-09-01 1.07
2017-10-01 1.05
2017-11-01 1.07
2017-12-01 1.03
2018-01-01 0.99
2018-02-01 0.99
2018-03-01 0.95
2018-04-01 0.92
2018-05-01 0.90
2018-06-01 0.86
2018-07-01 0.85
2018-08-01 0.85
2018-09-01 0.83
2018-10-01 0.84
2018-11-01 0.82
2018-12-01 0.86
2019-01-01 0.84
2019-02-01 0.87
2019-03-01 0.83
2019-04-01 0.82
2019-05-01 0.82
2019-06-01 0.83
2019-07-01 0.84
2019-08-01 0.82
2019-09-01 0.82
2019-10-01 0.81
2019-11-01 0.85
2019-12-01 0.86
2020-01-01 0.80
2020-02-01 0.92
2020-03-01 2.63
2020-04-01 4.76
2020-05-01 3.55
2020-06-01 2.78
2020-07-01 2.22
2020-08-01 2.02
2020-09-01 1.78
2020-10-01 1.58
2020-11-01 1.59
2020-12-01 1.55
2021-01-01 1.42
2021-02-01 1.31
2021-03-01 1.18
2021-04-01 1.03
ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Notes: Shaded areas denote recessions. Unemployment levels represent the average of the unemployment level for the current month and the subsequent month in the Current Population Survey to better line up with the job openings data from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey and Current Population Survey

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Job openings levels and unemployment levels, 2000–2021

Date Openings Unemployment, two-month average
2000-12-01 5,088 5,829
2001-01-01 5,234 6,056
2001-02-01 5,097 6,115
2001-03-01 4,762 6,206
2001-04-01 4,615 6,249
2001-05-01 4,425 6,355
2001-06-01 4,361 6,534
2001-07-01 4,447 6,813
2001-08-01 4,024 7,092
2001-09-01 4,071 7,418
2001-10-01 3,707 7,849
2001-11-01 3,775 8,131
2001-12-01 3,677 8,220
2002-01-01 3,699 8,199
2002-02-01 3,436 8,260
2002-03-01 3,612 8,452
2002-04-01 3,471 8,499
2002-05-01 3,457 8,396
2002-06-01 3,412 8,392
2002-07-01 3,367 8,347
2002-08-01 3,517 8,278
2002-09-01 3,301 8,279
2002-10-01 3,479 8,414
2002-11-01 3,514 8,580
2002-12-01 3,169 8,580
2003-01-01 3,441 8,569
2003-02-01 3,229 8,603
2003-03-01 3,099 8,715
2003-04-01 3,108 8,900
2003-05-01 3,289 9,112
2003-06-01 3,390 9,139
2003-07-01 2,981 8,954
2003-08-01 3,190 8,909
2003-09-01 3,091 8,827
2003-10-01 3,305 8,654
2003-11-01 3,324 8,447
2003-12-01 3,414 8,344
2004-01-01 3,424 8,269
2004-02-01 3,532 8,329
2004-03-01 3,525 8,331
2004-04-01 3,511 8,191
2004-05-01 3,710 8,249
2004-06-01 3,337 8,211
2004-07-01 3,814 8,063
2004-08-01 3,541 7,959
2004-09-01 3,821 7,994
2004-10-01 3,943 7,997
2004-11-01 3,472 7,933
2004-12-01 4,074 7,859
2005-01-01 3,804 7,882
2005-02-01 3,965 7,859
2005-03-01 4,044 7,705
2005-04-01 4,159 7,662
2005-05-01 3,797 7,588
2005-06-01 4,062 7,465
2005-07-01 4,256 7,376
2005-08-01 4,142 7,449
2005-09-01 4,352 7,503
2005-10-01 4,184 7,510
2005-11-01 4,248 7,423
2005-12-01 4,282 7,172
2006-01-01 4,397 7,124
2006-02-01 4,325 7,128
2006-03-01 4,732 7,096
2006-04-01 4,790 7,050
2006-05-01 4,463 6,991
2006-06-01 4,614 7,088
2006-07-01 4,394 7,133
2006-08-01 4,710 6,969
2006-09-01 4,737 6,787
2006-10-01 4,591 6,800
2006-11-01 4,645 6,817
2006-12-01 4,620 6,939
2007-01-01 4,763 7,022
2007-02-01 4,699 6,829
2007-03-01 4,962 6,791
2007-04-01 4,689 6,808
2007-05-01 4,657 6,873
2007-06-01 4,859 7,064
2007-07-01 4,598 7,108
2007-08-01 4,546 7,119
2007-09-01 4,652 7,204
2007-10-01 4,636 7,239
2007-11-01 4,646 7,443
2007-12-01 4,545 7,665
2008-01-01 4,624 7,591
2008-02-01 4,279 7,660
2008-03-01 4,225 7,730
2008-04-01 4,035 8,016
2008-05-01 4,194 8,485
2008-06-01 3,830 8,756
2008-07-01 3,749 9,188
2008-08-01 3,674 9,466
2008-09-01 3,222 9,784
2008-10-01 3,377 10,306
2008-11-01 3,231 10,912
2008-12-01 3,146 11,672
2009-01-01 2,738 12,478
2009-02-01 2,864 13,162
2009-03-01 2,534 13,640
2009-04-01 2,295 14,176
2009-05-01 2,549 14,603
2009-06-01 2,503 14,654
2009-07-01 2,232 14,708
2009-08-01 2,338 14,912
2009-09-01 2,487 15,181
2009-10-01 2,406 15,286
2009-11-01 2,503 15,159
2009-12-01 2,568 15,072
2010-01-01 2,837 15,080
2010-02-01 2,666 15,158
2010-03-01 2,679 15,264
2010-04-01 3,153 15,087
2010-05-01 2,988 14,662
2010-06-01 2,801 14,493
2010-07-01 3,082 14,580
2010-08-01 2,999 14,614
2010-09-01 2,918 14,548
2010-10-01 3,235 14,799
2010-11-01 3,211 14,715
2010-12-01 3,058 14,181
2011-01-01 3,104 13,917
2011-02-01 3,226 13,779
2011-03-01 3,261 13,847
2011-04-01 3,259 13,906
2011-05-01 3,179 13,909
2011-06-01 3,455 13,863
2011-07-01 3,623 13,791
2011-08-01 3,329 13,883
2011-09-01 3,774 13,771
2011-10-01 3,619 13,448
2011-11-01 3,565 13,198
2011-12-01 3,768 12,945
2012-01-01 3,909 12,805
2012-02-01 3,616 12,763
2012-03-01 3,979 12,680
2012-04-01 3,793 12,653
2012-05-01 3,835 12,676
2012-06-01 3,911 12,674
2012-07-01 3,735 12,564
2012-08-01 3,809 12,293
2012-09-01 3,882 12,120
2012-10-01 3,775 12,065
2012-11-01 3,878 12,152
2012-12-01 3,970 12,385
2013-01-01 3,923 12,211
2013-02-01 4,004 11,820
2013-03-01 4,076 11,725
2013-04-01 3,988 11,707
2013-05-01 4,145 11,703
2013-06-01 4,150 11,543
2013-07-01 3,885 11,307
2013-08-01 4,085 11,275
2013-09-01 4,128 11,203
2013-10-01 4,222 10,962
2013-11-01 4,119 10,596
2013-12-01 4,121 10,303
2014-01-01 4,127 10,276
2014-02-01 4,373 10,365
2014-03-01 4,388 10,041
2014-04-01 4,566 9,781
2014-05-01 4,747 9,660
2014-06-01 4,982 9,534
2014-07-01 4,846 9,604
2014-08-01 5,349 9,431
2014-09-01 4,914 9,126
2014-10-01 5,012 9,040
2014-11-01 4,843 8,904
2014-12-01 5,130 8,801
2015-01-01 5,344 8,742
2015-02-01 5,466 8,557
2015-03-01 5,210 8,533
2015-04-01 5,598 8,692
2015-05-01 5,563 8,541
2015-06-01 5,248 8,207
2015-07-01 6,056 8,080
2015-08-01 5,467 7,950
2015-09-01 5,488 7,915
2015-10-01 5,773 7,961
2015-11-01 5,708 7,954
2015-12-01 5,845 7,767
2016-01-01 6,012 7,665
2016-02-01 5,770 7,832
2016-03-01 6,129 8,014
2016-04-01 5,803 7,860
2016-05-01 5,777 7,698
2016-06-01 5,742 7,693
2016-07-01 5,962 7,713
2016-08-01 5,677 7,869
2016-09-01 5,868 7,882
2016-10-01 5,591 7,682
2016-11-01 5,971 7,537
2016-12-01 5,964 7,494
2017-01-01 5,646 7,421
2017-02-01 5,931 7,248
2017-03-01 5,813 7,158
2017-04-01 6,103 7,108
2017-05-01 5,810 6,941
2017-06-01 6,334 6,843
2017-07-01 6,203 6,952
2017-08-01 6,300 6,960
2017-09-01 6,279 6,730
2017-10-01 6,380 6,690
2017-11-01 6,282 6,696
2017-12-01 6,359 6,564
2018-01-01 6,601 6,543
2018-02-01 6,586 6,545
2018-03-01 6,833 6,525
2018-04-01 6,910 6,380
2018-05-01 6,987 6,321
2018-06-01 7,271 6,281
2018-07-01 7,209 6,149
2018-08-01 7,204 6,102
2018-09-01 7,352 6,101
2018-10-01 7,295 6,140
2018-11-01 7,574 6,247
2018-12-01 7,436 6,411
2019-01-01 7,478 6,285
2019-02-01 7,058 6,165
2019-03-01 7,332 6,098
2019-04-01 7,257 5,980
2019-05-01 7,279 5,940
2019-06-01 7,165 5,942
2019-07-01 7,137 5,985
2019-08-01 7,150 5,864
2019-09-01 7,100 5,825
2019-10-01 7,340 5,915
2019-11-01 6,915 5,876
2019-12-01 6,730 5,820
2020-01-01 7,154 5,757
2020-02-01 7,012 6,451
2020-03-01 5,769 15,147
2020-04-01 4,630 22,042
2020-05-01 5,447 19,336
2020-06-01 6,112 17,003
2020-07-01 6,717 14,925
2020-08-01 6,451 13,039
2020-09-01 6,611 11,792
2020-10-01 6,873 10,889
2020-11-01 6,766 10,732
2020-12-01 6,752 10,433
2021-01-01 7,099 10,051
2021-02-01 7,526 9,841
2021-03-01 8,288 9,761
2021-04-01 9,286 9,564
ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Notes: Shaded areas denote recessions. Unemployment levels represent the average of the unemployment level for the current month and the subsequent month in the Current Population Survey to better line up with the job openings data from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey and Current Population Survey. Unemployment levels represent the average of the unemployment level for the current month and the subsequent month to better line up with the job openings data.

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Unemployment and job openings by industry (in thousands), April 2021

Industry Unemployment, three-month average Job openings, three-month average Ratio
Mining 109.7 24.7 4.4
Construction 841.3 326.7 2.6
Educational services 200.0 125.0 1.6
Information 160.7 104.7 1.5
Transportation and utilities 594.0 398.7 1.5
Arts, entertainment, and recreation 324.0 225.7 1.4
Real estate and rental and leasing 133.3 93.3 1.4
Retail trade 1118.0 845.3 1.3
Other services 433.0 328.0 1.3
Durable goods manufacturing 451.7 386.0 1.2
Accommodation and food services 1232.3 1097.7 1.1
Nondurable goods manufacturing 337.0 342.7 1.0
Professional and business services 1118.3 1467.0 0.8
Finance and Insurance 200.3 275.3 0.7
Wholesale trade 189.0 270.7 0.7
Government 562.3 816.0 0.7
Health care and social assistance 694.3 1413.0 0.5
ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Notes: Unemployment levels represent the average of the unemployment level for the current month and the subsequent month in the Current Population Survey to better line up with the job openings data from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Both unemployment data and job openings data are then averaged over three months to smooth for better data reliability. These data are non-seasonally adjusted so caution is warranted when making comparisons across time.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey and Current Population Survey.

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