8th-grade NAEP math scores in three cities compared with large urban and national averages, by race and income, 2005 and 2011
|Washington, D.C.**||317 (318)||241 (239)||322 (322)||249 (249)||261 (261)||241 (239)||278 (278)||246 (246)|
|Large urban average||288||250||295||261||282||256||293||266|
* Students categorized as low income are those eligible for free or reduced-price lunch under the National School Lunch Program.
** The scores in parentheses are from DC budget consultant Mary Levy's NAEP data, which, unlike TUDA NAEP data, always include charter schools.
Note: Large, urban districts are those participating in the NAEP Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA), which uses NAEP scores from a representative sample of students in large, urban districts with high proportions of low-income and minority students. TUDA began in 2002 with six districts and had 21 as of 2011.
Source: National Center for Education Statistics (2005b, 2011b) and Levy (2012c)