Share of workers earning poverty-level hourly wages, 1979 and 2013
Note: The poverty-level wage is calculated using an estimate of the four-person weighted average poverty threshold in 2013 of $23,834 (based on the 2010 threshold updated for inflation, from the U.S. Census Bureau). This is divided by 2,080 hours to obtain a poverty-level hourly wage of $11.46 in 2013. The poverty-level wage is roughly equal to two-thirds of the median hourly wage. This figure is deflated by the CPI-U-RS (Consumer Price Index Research Series Using Current Methods) to obtain the poverty-level wage levels for other years.
Source: Economic Policy Institute analysis of U.S. Census Bureau and Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group