Table 10

Effect of tribal membership on odds of being employed (relative to Navajo membership),* ages 25–54, 2009–2011

Tribe (state) Percent increase/decrease in odds
of employment relative to Navajo membership*
Tlingit-Haida (Alaska) 86%
Aleut (Alaska) 67%
Cherokee (Oklahoma) 67%
Choctaw (Oklahoma) 66%
Potawatomi (Oklahoma) 0%
Iowa (Louisiana) 0%
Pueblo (New Mexico) 53%
Lumbee (North Carolina) 44%
Creek (Oklahoma) 43%
Iroquois (New York) 0%
Seminole (Oklahoma) 0%
Yuman (Arizona, California) 0%
Chickasaw (Oklahoma) 0%
Menominee (Wisconsin) 0%
Chippewa (Minnesota) 31%
Eskimo (Alaska) 29%
Comanche (Oklahoma) 0%
Crow (Montana) 0%
Yaqui (Arizona) 0%
Alaskan Athabaskan (Alaska) 0%
Blackfoot (Montana) 0%
Delaware (Oklahoma) 0%
Cheyenne (Montana) 0%
Other Alaska Native (Alaska) 0%
Yakima (Washington) 0%
Sioux (South Dakota) 0%
Colville (Washington) 0%
Pima (Arizona) 0%
Puget Sound Salish (Washington) 0%
Tohono O’Odham (Arizona) 0%
Apache (Arizona) 0%
Paiute (Nevada) 0%

* Navajo is chosen as the reference category because it is the largest tribe.

Note: These rates are not necessarily of only one reservation. These data include American Indian multiracials and Hispanic American Indians, but exclude the foreign born. Odds control for gender, age, marital status, number of children, veteran status, disability, facility with English, educational attainment, and urbanicity. Tribes where the change in likelihood is not statistically significant are indicated as having a 0 percent change.

Source: Author's analysis of American Community Survey data from Ruggles et al. (2013)

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