Figure D

Union coverage rate by state, 2020

State Union coverage 2020  Category
Hawaii 25.6% High density
New York 23.6% High density
Alaska 19.5% High density
Rhode Island 19.1% High density
Washington 18.6% High density
Connecticut 18.4% High density
New Jersey 17.7% High density
California 17.6% High density
Oregon 17.2% High density
Minnesota 17.0% High density
Maine 16.6% High density
Michigan 16.6% High density
Nevada 15.4% High density
Illinois 15.2% High density
Pennsylvania 14.6% High density
Ohio 14.2% High density
Maryland 14.2% High density
Vermont 13.8% High density
Montana 12.9% Medium density
Massachusetts 12.9% Medium density
West Virginia 11.3% Medium density
Kansas 11.2% Medium density
New Hampshire 11.0% Medium density
Nebraska 10.5% Medium density
Delaware 10.5% Medium density
Wisconsin 10.2% Medium density
Missouri 10.0% Medium density
Indiana 9.6% Medium density
District of Columbia 9.5% Medium density
Kentucky 9.4% Medium density
Wyoming 9.3% Medium density
Iowa 9.1% Medium density
Alabama 8.6% Medium density
New Mexico 8.6% Medium density
Mississippi 8.3% Medium density
Colorado 8.2% Medium density
Florida 7.9% Medium density
Oklahoma 7.6% Medium density
North Dakota 7.4% Medium density
Arizona 7.1% Medium density
Louisiana 6.7% Low density
Georgia 6.5% Low density
Idaho 6.4% Low density
Texas 6.0% Low density
Arkansas 5.9% Low density
South Dakota 5.5% Low density
Virginia 5.4% Low density
Utah 5.4% Low density
Tennessee 5.1% Low density
North Carolina 3.9% Low density
South Carolina 3.8% Low density


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Note: Union coverage rate refers to the share of workers in each state who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.

Source: EPI analysis of 2020 Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group (CPS-ORG) data for all workers ages 16 and older.

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