Figure 7S

Poverty rate as measured by Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) absent targeted government programs, by age group, 2012

Government program All Under age 18
SPM with programs 16.0% 18.0%
SPM absent EITC 19.0% 24.7%
SPM absent SNAP 17.6% 21.0%
SPM absent housing subsidies 16.9% 19.4%
SPM absent NSLP 16.4% 18.9%
SPM absent WIC 16.1% 18.3%
SPM absent LIHEAP 16.1% 18.1%
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Note: The difference in the poverty rates between the first set of bars and each of the remaining sets is the extent to which each program reduced poverty. EITC is the Earned Income Tax Credit; SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; NSLP is the National School Lunch Program; WIC is the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children; and LIHEAP is the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program.

Source: Authors' analysis of Short (2013, Table 5a)

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