Distribution of all workers, tipped workers, and waiters/bartenders, by state tipped-minimum-wage level
|State tipped-minimum-wage level|
|Nationwide||Low ($2.13 tipped minimum wage)||Medium (between $2.13 and regular state minimum wage)||Equal treatment (tipped minimum wage = regular state minimum wage)|
|State regular minimum wage set to federal level||29||17||11||1|
|State regular minimum wage set above federal level||22||2||14||6|
|Share of total workforce||35.5%||46.4%||18.1%|
|Share of tipped workers||32.2%||49.4%||18.4%|
|Share of waiters/bartenders||33.5%||48.9%||17.5%|
|Of the workforce|
|Tipped worker share||3.4%||3.1%||3.6%||3.5%|
* As of January 1, 2014. Includes District of Columbia.
Note: Statistics reflect survey respondents ages 16 and older who are employed, but not self-employed, and report positive income from wages.
Source: Authors' analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group microdata, 2011–2013
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