Economic Indicators

State Jobs Picture

Updated March 2019

The unemployment rate and the change in the number of jobs are important indicators of state labor market health. The unemployment rate is the share of the state’s labor force that is not currently employed and is actively looking for work. Healthy job growth is growth that provides regular employment for all individuals wanting a job. 

The map below shows the current unemployment rate in each state, and the percent change in the number of jobs in each state over the preceding 12 months. Clicking on a state will also show the change in that state’s unemployment rate or change in the number of jobs over the last 3 months, 12 months, and since December 2007—the peak of the previous business cycle.

June 2022

Current state unemployment rate and percent change in total number of jobs over last 12 months

State Current unemployment rate Change in unemployment rate in last 3 months Change in unemployment rate in last 12 months Change in unemployment rate since February 2020 State unemployment rate raking from lowest to highest Percent change in number of jobs in last 12 months Change in number of jobs in last 12 months Percent change in numbers of jobs in last 3 months Change in number of jobs in last 3 months Percent change in number of jobs since February 2020 Change in number of jobs since February 2020
Alabama 2.6% -0.3% -0.9% -0.8% 13 1.9% 39400 0.6% 12200 -0.4% -8700
Alaska 4.6% -0.3% -2.2% -0.6% 48 2.0% 6000 -1.9% -6100 -5.7% -18900
Arizona 3.3% 0.0% -1.9% -1.7% 26 3.6% 105100 1.2% 34900 2.3% 67500
Arkansas 3.2% 0.1% -1.0% -0.4% 24 2.5% 32500 0.1% 700 1.0% 13300
California 4.2% -0.6% -3.7% 0.1% 41 5.1% 850600 0.6% 105300 -1.0% -176000
Colorado 3.4% -0.3% -2.5% 0.6% 28 4.1% 111700 0.8% 23400 1.3% 37800
Connecticut 4.0% -0.6% -2.7% 0.6% 39 2.4% 39000 0.3% 5500 -2.8% -48000
Delaware 4.5% 0.0% -1.2% 0.8% 47 2.8% 12600 1.2% 5400 -1.6% -7700
Washington D.C. 5.5% -0.5% -1.7% 0.1% 51 3.5% 25500 0.1% 900 -5.1% -40700
Florida 2.8% -0.4% -2.0% 0.1% 17 5.1% 453600 1.2% 110500 3.0% 269000
Georgia 2.9% -0.2% -1.1% -0.7% 20 5.4% 246300 1.2% 55300 2.9% 135400
Hawaii 4.3% 0.2% -1.6% 2.1% 43 2.8% 16700 0.6% 3800 -8.8% -58300
Idaho 2.5% -0.2% -1.2% -0.5% 10 3.0% 23900 0.7% 6000 5.7% 44300
Illinois 4.5% -0.2% -2.0% 0.7% 46 4.2% 245700 0.6% 38600 -1.8% -112700
Indiana 2.4% 0.2% -1.5% -1.0% 8 3.5% 108300 0.3% 9500 0.5% 14500
Iowa 2.6% -0.7% -1.9% 0.0% 12 2.8% 42100 0.7% 10400 -1.1% -17700
Kansas 2.4% 0.0% -1.1% -0.7% 7 1.5% 20800 0.3% 4700 -2.2% -31900
Kentucky 3.7% -0.3% -1.1% -0.4% 32 3.1% 57900 0.4% 7000 -0.6% -11800
Louisiana 3.8% -0.4% -2.0% -1.4% 34 1.9% 35200 -0.1% -2700 -4.5% -89500
Maine 3.0% -0.6% -2.0% 0.2% 21 2.2% 13400 -1.1% -7000 -1.2% -7600
Maryland 4.0% -0.6% -2.1% -0.2% 38 3.3% 86900 0.4% 12100 -2.4% -66100
Massachusetts 3.7% -0.6% -2.3% 0.8% 31 4.7% 164700 0.3% 12600 -2.0% -75900
Michigan 4.3% -0.1% -2.0% 0.5% 42 3.5% 146900 0.0% -100 -2.8% -125600
Minnesota 1.8% -0.7% -1.6% -2.1% 1 2.7% 76700 0.7% 19300 -2.7% -80700
Mississippi 3.8% -0.4% -2.0% -1.9% 33 2.7% 30500 0.3% 2900 -0.2% -1900
Missouri 2.8% -0.8% -1.6% -0.5% 16 2.3% 65500 0.0% -200 -0.7% -21000
Montana 2.6% 0.3% -1.0% -1.1% 11 3.2% 15800 0.5% 2700 3.8% 18600
Nebraska 1.9% -0.1% -0.6% -1.1% 2 2.3% 23300 0.4% 4300 -0.2% -2500
Nevada 4.7% -0.3% -2.5% 0.7% 49 6.6% 90500 0.9% 12400 0.2% 3100
New Hampshire 2.0% -0.4% -1.6% -0.7% 4 2.8% 18400 0.0% -300 -1.4% -9700
New Jersey 3.9% -0.3% -3.2% 0.4% 37 5.2% 207400 0.9% 36100 -0.4% -15600
New Mexico 4.9% -0.4% -2.4% -0.5% 50 5.0% 40000 0.3% 2900 -1.6% -13700
New York 4.4% -0.2% -3.0% 0.5% 44 5.0% 447500 0.8% 76000 -4.0% -395300
North Carolina 3.4% -0.1% -1.6% -0.3% 27 3.3% 152000 0.8% 36300 2.9% 133700
North Dakota 2.5% -0.4% -1.1% 0.3% 9 2.7% 11400 0.4% 1500 -3.1% -13800
Ohio 3.9% -0.2% -1.4% -0.7% 36 1.8% 95700 0.0% 1000 -2.6% -148400
Oklahoma 2.9% 0.2% -1.3% -0.3% 19 2.6% 42100 0.8% 12900 -0.8% -14300
Oregon 3.6% -0.2% -1.8% 0.2% 30 5.0% 93800 1.1% 20500 -0.7% -14100
Pennsylvania 4.5% -0.4% -2.1% -0.5% 45 3.7% 211300 0.8% 44500 -2.4% -144800
Rhode Island 2.7% -0.7% -3.5% -1.0% 14 3.4% 16200 0.7% 3300 -2.2% -11400
South Carolina 3.2% -0.2% -0.9% 0.3% 23 3.6% 76100 1.0% 22400 0.8% 16500
South Dakota 2.3% -0.2% -0.9% -0.3% 6 2.0% 8600 0.6% 2500 1.1% 4900
Tennessee 3.3% 0.1% -1.1% -0.3% 25 4.2% 130600 1.4% 43500 3.0% 93400
Texas 4.1% -0.3% -1.8% 0.6% 40 6.2% 778700 1.6% 209400 3.6% 464900
Utah 2.0% 0.0% -0.8% -0.6% 3 3.1% 49900 0.6% 9800 5.7% 90100
Vermont 2.2% -0.4% -1.3% -0.4% 5 1.9% 5600 -0.4% -1300 -5.2% -16300
Virginia 2.8% -0.2% -1.2% 0.1% 15 3.1% 123400 0.5% 20900 -1.2% -47600
Washington 3.9% -0.2% -1.5% 0.0% 35 4.4% 147300 0.5% 18900 -0.6% -22400
West Virginia 3.6% -0.1% -1.7% -1.5% 29 3.0% 20400 0.8% 5500 -2.3% -16500
Wisconsin 2.9% 0.1% -1.1% -0.1% 18 1.6% 45100 0.1% 1900 -2.2% -66300
Wyoming 3.1% -0.3% -1.5% -1.8% 22 2.1% 5900 -0.6% -1600 -2.1% -6200

Jobs refers to the total number of jobs, part-time or full-time, in nonfarm establishments.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Local Area Unemployment Statistics data

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When workers lose a job or cannot find work, they and their families lose wages and benefits, and the adverse effects may last a very long time as career trajectories are interrupted. When more workers are unemployed, it also depresses wage growth for those workers who have a job, since employers have little need to raise pay to attract or retain staff. Although the country remains on a positive trend of job growth and falling unemployment, many states still have rates of job growth that are leaving many unable to find work and paychecks falling behind. To ensure workers in every community have access to jobs and rising pay, policymakers should prioritize a full employment agenda.

Data come from the State and Regional Employment report, released monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Explore the map to see how these indicators differ across the country and read EPI’s recent research analyzing jobs and unemployment.