Economic Indicators

State Jobs Picture

Updated March 2019

The unemployment rate and the change in the number of jobs are important indicators of state labor market health. The unemployment rate is the share of the state’s labor force that is not currently employed and is actively looking for work. Healthy job growth is growth that provides regular employment for all individuals wanting a job. 

The map below shows the current unemployment rate in each state, and the percent change in the number of jobs in each state over the preceding 12 months. Clicking on a state will also show the change in that state’s unemployment rate or change in the number of jobs over the last 3 months, 12 months, and since December 2007—the peak of the previous business cycle.

April

Current state unemployment rate and percent change in total number of jobs over last 12 months

State Current unemployment rate Change in unemployment rate in last 3 months Change in unemployment rate in last 12 months Change in unemployment rate since February 2020 State unemployment rate ranking from lowest to highest Percent change in number of jobs in last 12 months Change in number of jobs in last 12 months Percent change in number of jobs in last 3 months Change in number of jobs in last 3 months Percent change in number of jobs since February 2020 Change in number of jobs since since February 2020
Alabama 9.9% 7.2% 6.9% 7.2% 17 -7.8% -160.8 -8.5% -177 -8.5% -177
Alaska 12.6% 6.8% 6.4% 6.8% 30 -12.4% -40.7 -12.7% -42 -12.7% -42
Arizona 8.9% 4.4% 4.1% 4.4% 5 -5.7% -167 -7.7% -230.4 -7.7% -230.4
Arkansas 9.5% 6.0% 6.0% 6.0% 13 -7.1% -91 -7.6% -97.4 -7.6% -97.4
California 16.3% 12.4% 12.2% 12.4% 48 -13.0% -2267.1 -14.1% -2483.9 -14.1% -2483.9
Colorado 10.2% 7.7% 7.4% 7.7% 21 -8.5% -236.2 -9.7% -273.5 -9.7% -273.5
Connecticut 9.4% 5.6% 5.7% 5.6% 12 -14.9% -251.4 -15.6% -265.5 -15.6% -265.5
Delaware 15.8% 11.9% 12.1% 11.9% 45 -15.6% -72.7 -17.0% -80.1 -17.0% -80.1
Florida 8.9% 11.7% 11.3% 11.7% 41 -9.5% -850.4 -11.0% -995.2 -11.0% -995.2
Georgia 14.5% 6.6% 6.1% 6.6% 14 -8.8% -403.1 -9.7% -452 -9.7% -452
Hawaii 9.7% 19.9% 19.9% 19.9% 50 -20.1% -131.6 -20.6% -135.3 -20.6% -135.3
Idaho 22.6% 6.2% 6.0% 6.2% 3 -5.9% -44.9 -7.6% -58.8 -7.6% -58.8
Illinois 8.9% 11.8% 11.1% 11.8% 44 -12.1% -737.9 -12.0% -737.3 -12.0% -737.3
Indiana 15.2% 9.2% 9.0% 9.2% 27 -10.7% -340.9 -11.0% -348.4 -11.0% -348.4
Iowa 12.3% 7.2% 7.3% 7.2% 19 -11.0% -174.6 -10.8% -170 -10.8% -170
Kansas 10.0% 6.9% 6.9% 6.9% 18 -7.7% -110.1 -8.4% -119.9 -8.4% -119.9
Kentucky 10.0% 6.8% 6.7% 6.8% 23 -14.8% -286.9 -15.2% -295.9 -15.2% -295.9
Louisiana 11.0% 8.1% 8.8% 8.1% 36 -11.9% -236 -12.0% -239.8 -12.0% -239.8
Maine 13.3% 6.1% 6.3% 6.1% 9 -13.8% -87.3 -14.2% -90.2 -14.2% -90.2
Maryland 9.3% 6.6% 6.2% 6.6% 16 -11.9% -329.7 -12.8% -358.5 -12.8% -358.5
Massachusetts 9.9% 13.5% 13.4% 13.5% 47 -16.4% -605 -17.0% -631.9 -17.0% -631.9
Michigan 16.3% 17.6% 17.0% 17.6% 49 -19.2% -850 -19.8% -882.2 -19.8% -882.2
Minnesota 21.2% 6.8% 6.7% 6.8% 15 -12.8% -381.6 -12.7% -378 -12.7% -378
Mississippi 9.9% 5.2% 5.2% 5.2% 22 -7.5% -87.1 -7.9% -92.3 -7.9% -92.3
Missouri 10.6% 6.6% 7.0% 6.6% 20 -9.8% -283.6 -10.2% -296.2 -10.2% -296.2
Montana 10.1% 5.5% 5.5% 5.5% 6 -8.6% -41.6 -9.7% -47.3 -9.7% -47.3
Nebraska 9.0% 2.3% 2.1% 2.3% 1 -7.1% -72.8 -8.1% -84 -8.1% -84
Nevada 5.2% 21.7% 21.3% 21.7% 51 -17.3% -245.3 -17.9% -254.6 -17.9% -254.6
New Hampshire 25.3% 11.9% 12.0% 11.9% 40 -14.6% -99.9 -15.5% -106.7 -15.5% -106.7
New Jersey 14.5% 11.4% 11.9% 11.4% 43 -16.5% -689.5 -17.6% -744.5 -17.6% -744.5
New Mexico 15.2% 4.4% 4.3% 4.4% 8 -9.9% -84.3 -11.4% -98.9 -11.4% -98.9
New York 9.2% 10.8% 10.5% 10.8% 39 -18.3% -1794 -18.8% -1846.9 -18.8% -1846.9
North Carolina 14.5% 9.3% 8.9% 9.3% 33 -11.1% -504.8 -11.9% -548.7 -11.9% -548.7
North Dakota 12.9% 6.9% 6.7% 6.9% 7 -9.5% -41.6 -9.8% -43.1 -9.8% -43.1
Ohio 9.1% 9.6% 9.6% 9.6% 37 -13.6% -757.6 -13.7% -768 -13.7% -768
Oklahoma 13.7% 9.4% 9.4% 9.4% 29 -7.3% -123.9 -7.2% -121.7 -7.2% -121.7
Oregon 12.6% 10.9% 10.3% 10.9% 38 -11.7% -225.9 -12.5% -243.5 -12.5% -243.5
Pennsylvania 14.2% 8.4% 8.9% 8.4% 35 -14.3% -863.8 -15.0% -918.2 -15.0% -918.2
Rhode Island 13.1% 12.9% 12.7% 12.9% 46 -15.9% -79.9 -16.7% -85 -16.7% -85
South Carolina 16.3% 10.0% 9.4% 10.0% 28 -8.8% -193 -10.3% -227.7 -10.3% -227.7
South Dakota 12.5% 6.1% 6.1% 6.1% 11 -7.5% -33.1 -8.5% -37.8 -8.5% -37.8
Tennessee 9.4% 7.9% 7.8% 7.9% 25 -8.5% -265.8 -9.8% -309.2 -9.8% -309.2
Texas 11.3% 9.5% 9.6% 9.5% 34 -7.2% -917.8 -9.0% -1174.3 -9.0% -1174.3
Utah 13.0% 6.0% 5.8% 6.0% 2 -4.8% -75 -6.6% -104.2 -6.6% -104.2
Vermont 8.5% 10.3% 10.4% 10.3% 31 -17.1% -54.1 -16.7% -52.5 -16.7% -52.5
Virginia 12.7% 6.8% 6.6% 6.8% 10 -9.1% -368.1 -10.2% -418.3 -10.2% -418.3
Washington 9.4% 11.3% 10.7% 11.3% 42 -11.8% -408.5 -13.3% -468.1 -13.3% -468.1
Washington D.C. 15.1% 3.8% 3.4% 3.8% 4 -8.4% -67 -9.3% -74.7 -9.3% -74.7
West Virginia 12.9% 8.0% 8.2% 8.0% 32 -12.7% -91.4 -11.3% -80.6 -11.3% -80.6
Wisconsin 12.0% 8.5% 8.7% 8.5% 26 -13.0% -387.7 -13.4% -400.7 -13.4% -400.7
Wyoming 11.1% 7.4% 7.6% 7.4% 24 -9.3% -26.9 -8.6% -24.9 -8.6% -24.9

Jobs refers to the total number of jobs, part-time or full-time, in nonfarm establishments.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Local Area Unemployment Statistics data

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When workers lose a job or cannot find work, they and their families lose wages and benefits, and the adverse effects may last a very long time as career trajectories are interrupted. When more workers are unemployed, it also depresses wage growth for those workers who have a job, since employers have little need to raise pay to attract or retain staff. Although the country remains on a positive trend of job growth and falling unemployment, many states still have rates of job growth that are leaving many unable to find work and paychecks falling behind. To ensure workers in every community have access to jobs and rising pay, policymakers should prioritize a full employment agenda.

Data come from the State and Regional Employment report, released monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Explore the map to see how these indicators differ across the country and read EPI’s recent research analyzing jobs and unemployment.