Economic Indicators

State Jobs Picture

Updated March 2019

The unemployment rate and the change in the number of jobs are important indicators of state labor market health. The unemployment rate is the share of the state’s labor force that is not currently employed and is actively looking for work. Healthy job growth is growth that provides regular employment for all individuals wanting a job. 

The map below shows the current unemployment rate in each state, and the percent change in the number of jobs in each state over the preceding 12 months. Clicking on a state will also show the change in that state’s unemployment rate or change in the number of jobs over the last 3 months, 12 months, and since December 2007—the peak of the previous business cycle.

March 2022

Current state unemployment rate and percent change in total number of jobs over last 12 months

State Current unemployment rate Change in unemployment rate in last 3 months Change in unemployment rate in last 12 months Change in unemployment rate since February 2020 State unemployment rate raking from lowest to highest Percent change in number of jobs in last 12 months Change in number of jobs in last 12 months Percent change in numbers of jobs in last 3 months Change in number of jobs in last 3 months Percent change in number of jobs since February 2020 Change in number of jobs since February 2020
Alabama 2.9% -0.2% -0.8% -0.5% 14 1.8% 36000 0.7% 13700 -1.0% -21300
Alaska 5.0% -0.5% -2.0% -0.2% 49 1.6% 5000 -0.4% -1200 -4.2% -14000
Arizona 3.3% -0.6% -2.5% -1.7% 21 3.7% 108800 0.6% 17600 1.1% 33300
Arkansas 3.1% -0.2% -1.5% -0.5% 17 2.8% 35300 0.3% 3400 0.9% 12300
California 4.9% -0.9% -3.5% 0.8% 47 6.4% 1041900 1.5% 255900 -1.7% -295500
Colorado 3.7% -0.5% -2.4% 0.9% 29 4.9% 131200 1.0% 27700 0.5% 14900
Connecticut 4.6% -0.5% -2.4% 1.2% 44 3.0% 47700 0.6% 10600 -3.1% -52600
Delaware 4.5% -0.3% -1.3% 0.8% 41 2.1% 9300 0.8% 3700 -2.6% -12200
Washington D.C. 6.0% -0.1% -0.6% 0.6% 51 4.8% 34900 0.2% 1600 -5.2% -41500
Florida 3.2% -0.3% -2.2% 0.5% 19 5.7% 497800 1.0% 93000 1.7% 156000
Georgia 3.1% -0.2% -1.3% -0.5% 16 5.2% 234400 1.4% 65700 1.6% 74000
Hawaii 4.1% -0.2% -2.5% 1.9% 33 6.3% 35700 0.6% 3600 -9.6% -63700
Idaho 2.7% -0.4% -1.2% -0.3% 11 3.2% 25400 0.7% 5900 4.9% 38300
Illinois 4.7% -0.4% -2.0% 0.9% 45 4.1% 238300 0.9% 54200 -2.4% -150200
Indiana 2.2% -0.5% -2.0% -1.2% 3 3.7% 113600 0.7% 22700 0.1% 4600
Iowa 3.3% -0.6% -1.1% 0.7% 20 2.1% 32500 0.7% 10400 -1.7% -26800
Kansas 2.5% -0.3% -1.0% -0.6% 8 1.5% 19900 1.1% 15100 -2.7% -39300
Kentucky 4.0% -0.6% -0.7% -0.1% 31 2.5% 46400 0.8% 16300 -1.1% -21300
Louisiana 4.2% -0.2% -1.9% -1.0% 37 2.5% 46000 0.5% 8700 -4.4% -88200
Maine 3.6% -0.5% -1.2% 0.8% 27 3.1% 19200 1.8% 11400 -0.2% -1400
Maryland 4.6% -0.8% -1.1% 0.4% 43 3.1% 82100 0.5% 12300 -2.8% -78800
Massachusetts 4.3% -0.3% -2.1% 1.4% 38 5.4% 186400 1.5% 52700 -2.4% -89000
Michigan 4.4% -0.7% -1.8% 0.6% 40 4.2% 174100 1.0% 41300 -2.7% -122400
Minnesota 2.5% -0.5% -1.2% -1.4% 7 2.3% 65400 1.0% 29300 -3.4% -101700
Mississippi 4.2% -0.5% -2.2% -1.5% 36 2.6% 29500 0.3% 2900 -0.4% -4300
Missouri 3.6% -0.3% -1.2% 0.3% 26 2.9% 82100 0.6% 18600 -0.7% -21100
Montana 2.3% -0.6% -1.3% -1.4% 4 3.6% 17400 0.6% 2800 3.2% 15900
Nebraska 2.0% -0.3% -0.6% -1.0% 2 2.3% 22800 1.4% 14000 -0.7% -7400
Nevada 5.0% -0.3% -4.2% 1.0% 48 9.1% 120400 1.2% 17600 -0.6% -9400
New Hampshire 2.5% -0.5% -1.4% -0.2% 6 3.8% 25100 1.1% 7500 -1.4% -9500
New Jersey 4.2% -0.9% -2.7% 0.7% 35 5.5% 217300 1.4% 58400 -1.3% -53200
New Mexico 5.3% -0.6% -1.9% -0.1% 50 5.9% 47100 1.5% 12100 -1.8% -15800
New York 4.6% -0.8% -3.3% 0.7% 42 5.1% 456100 0.9% 84500 -4.8% -468300
North Carolina 3.5% -0.6% -1.7% -0.2% 25 4.1% 185300 1.2% 56700 2.0% 92400
North Dakota 2.9% -0.2% -1.4% 0.7% 13 3.1% 12800 0.6% 2700 -3.4% -14900
Ohio 4.1% -0.4% -1.6% -0.5% 32 2.1% 113400 1.2% 64700 -2.6% -146100
Oklahoma 2.7% -0.1% -2.0% -0.5% 10 2.2% 36800 1.2% 19200 -1.7% -28500
Oregon 3.8% -0.4% -2.3% 0.4% 30 4.5% 83300 1.1% 20400 -1.8% -36000
Pennsylvania 4.9% -0.6% -2.2% -0.1% 46 3.4% 195900 1.1% 64700 -3.2% -193400
Rhode Island 3.4% -1.1% -2.6% -0.3% 24 3.6% 17100 0.8% 3700 -3.2% -16100
South Carolina 3.4% -0.2% -0.9% 0.5% 23 2.7% 57400 0.9% 19100 -0.3% -6800
South Dakota 2.5% -0.4% -0.7% -0.1% 5 2.1% 9200 0.8% 3600 0.6% 2500
Tennessee 3.2% -0.4% -1.7% -0.4% 18 4.1% 124800 1.0% 32900 1.4% 45500
Texas 4.4% -0.4% -2.0% 0.9% 39 5.9% 731600 1.2% 152200 1.9% 241400
Utah 2.0% -0.3% -1.0% -0.6% 1 3.8% 60500 1.0% 16400 5.0% 78600
Vermont 2.7% -0.4% -1.1% 0.1% 9 3.5% 10200 0.6% 1800 -5.1% -16100
Virginia 3.0% -0.3% -1.5% 0.3% 15 2.8% 109200 0.7% 26500 -1.8% -71800
Washington 4.2% -0.3% -1.6% 0.3% 34 5.1% 169500 1.2% 39800 -1.2% -41500
West Virginia 3.7% -0.6% -1.9% -1.4% 28 1.7% 11800 0.4% 2700 -3.4% -24300
Wisconsin 2.8% -0.3% -1.5% -0.2% 12 2.1% 60900 0.9% 27200 -2.3% -68000
Wyoming 3.4% -0.6% -1.6% -1.5% 22 2.9% 8100 0.7% 2000 -1.8% -5300

Jobs refers to the total number of jobs, part-time or full-time, in nonfarm establishments.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Local Area Unemployment Statistics data

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When workers lose a job or cannot find work, they and their families lose wages and benefits, and the adverse effects may last a very long time as career trajectories are interrupted. When more workers are unemployed, it also depresses wage growth for those workers who have a job, since employers have little need to raise pay to attract or retain staff. Although the country remains on a positive trend of job growth and falling unemployment, many states still have rates of job growth that are leaving many unable to find work and paychecks falling behind. To ensure workers in every community have access to jobs and rising pay, policymakers should prioritize a full employment agenda.

Data come from the State and Regional Employment report, released monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Explore the map to see how these indicators differ across the country and read EPI’s recent research analyzing jobs and unemployment.