Economic Indicators

State Jobs Picture

Updated March 2019

The unemployment rate and the change in the number of jobs are important indicators of state labor market health. The unemployment rate is the share of the state’s labor force that is not currently employed and is actively looking for work. Healthy job growth is growth that provides regular employment for all individuals wanting a job. 

The map below shows the current unemployment rate in each state, and the percent change in the number of jobs in each state over the preceding 12 months. Clicking on a state will also show the change in that state’s unemployment rate or change in the number of jobs over the last 3 months, 12 months, and since December 2007—the peak of the previous business cycle.

November 2021

Current state unemployment rate and percent change in total number of jobs over last 12 months

State Current unemployment rate Change in unemployment rate in last 3 months Change in unemployment rate in last 12 months Change in unemployment rate since February 2020 State unemployment rate raking from lowest to highest Percent change in number of jobs in last 12 months Change in number of jobs in last 12 months Percent change in numbers of jobs in last 3 months Change in number of jobs in last 3 months Percent change in number of jobs since February 2020 Change in number of jobs since February 2020
Alabama 3.1% 0.0% -1.6% 0.5% 12 2.2% 45100 1.0% 21300 -1.6% -32400
Alaska 6.0% -0.4% -0.5% 0.9% 46 1.8% 5400 1.3% 4000 -6.0% -19900
Arizona 4.7% -1.5% -2.1% -0.2% 29 4.7% 135800 0.8% 23000 0.2% 4900
Arkansas 3.4% -0.8% -1.9% -0.4% 16 2.2% 27800 0.9% 11900 -0.9% -11700
California 6.9% -0.6% -1.8% 2.6% 51 5.1% 821800 1.3% 212600 -4.7% -825800
Colorado 5.1% -0.8% -1.8% 2.3% 36 4.4% 117500 1.1% 29400 -1.9% -53600
Connecticut 6.0% -1.2% -2.2% 2.3% 45 3.1% 48800 1.2% 19200 -4.3% -72100
Delaware 5.1% -0.3% -0.7% 0.6% 35 2.4% 10500 0.2% 800 -3.3% -15400
Washington D.C. 6.0% -0.7% -2.8% 1.0% 44 3.3% 24200 1.1% 8300 -5.7% -45600
Florida 4.5% -0.5% -0.9% 1.2% 27 5.7% 485600 2.0% 178000 -1.2% -111900
Georgia 2.8% -0.7% -2.8% -0.7% 9 4.4% 192700 1.2% 54900 -1.0% -47700
Hawaii 6.0% -1.0% -4.3% 3.9% 43 8.4% 44800 0.3% 1600 -12.8% -84800
Idaho 2.6% -0.3% -1.7% 0.0% 5 2.1% 16500 -0.2% -1700 1.9% 14500
Illinois 5.7% -1.3% -2.4% 2.1% 41 4.1% 230200 1.2% 72500 -4.3% -266100
Indiana 3.0% -1.1% -2.0% -0.2% 11 2.7% 81000 1.2% 36300 -2.1% -65600
Iowa 3.7% -0.4% -0.2% 0.8% 21 2.0% 30900 0.6% 8700 -3.2% -51000
Kansas 3.6% -0.2% -1.1% 0.4% 18 2.6% 35400 0.5% 6400 -2.6% -37300
Kentucky 4.1% -0.2% -1.5% -0.1% 25 1.9% 34500 0.7% 12700 -3.4% -66000
Louisiana 5.1% -1.1% -2.8% -0.1% 34 1.9% 34600 1.0% 17700 -6.4% -128200
Maine 4.8% -0.1% -0.1% 1.7% 31 1.8% 11000 -0.3% -1800 -4.2% -26900
Maryland 5.4% -0.6% -1.4% 1.9% 39 3.5% 92200 1.0% 26500 -3.0% -84100
Massachusetts 5.4% 0.4% -3.0% 2.6% 38 5.8% 196000 1.6% 56700 -4.6% -172400
Michigan 5.9% 1.2% -2.3% 2.2% 42 3.5% 144800 1.6% 67600 -4.8% -212400
Minnesota 3.3% -0.5% -1.7% 0.0% 14 4.0% 112000 1.1% 31800 -3.7% -111900
Mississippi 5.0% -1.0% -1.7% -0.8% 32 2.1% 23600 1.0% 11500 -1.5% -17400
Missouri 3.5% -0.5% -1.2% -0.1% 17 2.6% 73300 0.9% 24800 -2.2% -63300
Montana 2.8% -0.7% -1.7% -0.9% 8 2.1% 9800 0.7% 3600 -0.5% -2600
Nebraska 1.8% -0.4% -1.6% -1.2% 1 3.0% 30100 0.6% 6300 -0.9% -9000
Nevada 6.8% -0.9% -1.9% 3.1% 50 7.4% 94100 1.7% 22600 -5.2% -75300
New Hampshire 2.7% -0.3% -1.5% 0.1% 7 3.3% 21400 1.0% 6600 -3.3% -22800
New Jersey 6.6% -0.6% -3.6% 2.9% 49 4.9% 189900 2.1% 81900 -4.0% -168700
New Mexico 6.2% -1.0% -2.3% 0.9% 47 4.5% 35500 1.3% 10400 -4.7% -40800
New York 6.6% -0.8% -2.1% 2.7% 48 3.4% 295600 1.1% 98000 -8.0% -785900
North Carolina 3.9% -0.4% -2.5% 0.3% 22 3.2% 140500 0.8% 36200 -1.6% -71800
North Dakota 3.2% -0.4% -1.5% 0.9% 13 3.4% 13900 1.1% 4600 -4.3% -19100
Ohio 4.8% -0.6% -0.8% 0.1% 30 1.9% 98800 0.8% 45100 -3.9% -218800
Oklahoma 2.5% -0.8% -2.3% -0.6% 3 2.3% 37000 0.8% 13600 -3.0% -51400
Oregon 4.2% -0.8% -2.4% 0.7% 26 4.0% 72200 0.9% 17100 -3.8% -75100
Pennsylvania 5.7% -0.7% -1.4% 0.7% 40 2.6% 144000 0.7% 40200 -5.1% -310800
Rhode Island 5.1% -0.7% -2.8% 1.1% 33 4.0% 18500 0.8% 3800 -4.9% -25100
South Carolina 3.7% -0.5% -1.9% 0.9% 20 2.6% 54100 0.7% 15700 -1.7% -37900
South Dakota 2.7% -0.2% -0.9% -0.2% 6 1.8% 7800 0.0% 200 -1.2% -5400
Tennessee 4.0% -0.6% -1.6% 0.1% 24 2.9% 87800 0.3% 10000 -1.4% -44800
Texas 5.2% -0.7% -2.0% 1.5% 37 5.7% 698700 1.9% 236700 0.2% 28200
Utah 2.1% -0.4% -1.4% -0.4% 2 4.7% 73700 0.8% 13400 3.9% 61100
Vermont 2.6% -0.4% -1.1% 0.1% 4 3.0% 8700 -1.0% -2900 -5.9% -18700
Virginia 3.4% -0.6% -2.4% 0.9% 15 2.1% 82600 1.1% 44400 -2.9% -120300
Washington 4.7% -0.4% -2.0% 0.6% 28 5.4% 176000 0.9% 31100 -1.8% -64900
West Virginia 4.0% -0.8% -3.0% -1.1% 23 2.6% 17800 0.2% 1100 -3.6% -25800
Wisconsin 3.0% -0.9% -1.4% -0.3% 10 2.7% 76800 0.6% 17000 -3.5% -104400
Wyoming 3.7% -1.2% -1.6% -1.1% 19 0.6% 1700 0.8% 2200 -4.7% -13700

 

Jobs refers to the total number of jobs, part-time or full-time, in nonfarm establishments.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Local Area Unemployment Statistics data

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When workers lose a job or cannot find work, they and their families lose wages and benefits, and the adverse effects may last a very long time as career trajectories are interrupted. When more workers are unemployed, it also depresses wage growth for those workers who have a job, since employers have little need to raise pay to attract or retain staff. Although the country remains on a positive trend of job growth and falling unemployment, many states still have rates of job growth that are leaving many unable to find work and paychecks falling behind. To ensure workers in every community have access to jobs and rising pay, policymakers should prioritize a full employment agenda.

Data come from the State and Regional Employment report, released monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Explore the map to see how these indicators differ across the country and read EPI’s recent research analyzing jobs and unemployment.