Economic Indicators

State Jobs Picture

Updated March 2019

The unemployment rate and the change in the number of jobs are important indicators of state labor market health. The unemployment rate is the share of the state’s labor force that is not currently employed and is actively looking for work. Healthy job growth is growth that provides regular employment for all individuals wanting a job. 

The map below shows the current unemployment rate in each state, and the percent change in the number of jobs in each state over the preceding 12 months. Clicking on a state will also show the change in that state’s unemployment rate or change in the number of jobs over the last 3 months, 12 months, and since December 2007—the peak of the previous business cycle.

July 2021

Current state unemployment rate and percent change in total number of jobs over last 12 months

State Current unemployment rate Change in unemployment rate in last 3 months Change in unemployment rate in last 12 months Change in unemployment rate since February 2020 State unemployment rate raking from lowest to highest Percent change in number of jobs in last 12 months Change in number of jobs in last 12 months Percent change in numbers of jobs in last 3 months Change in number of jobs in last 3 months Percent change in number of jobs since February 2020 Change in number of jobs since February 2020
Alabama 3.2% -0.4% -4.2% 0.6% 7 3.8% 73400 1.1% 22200 -2.7% -56500
Alaska 6.6% -0.1% -4.4% 1.5% 42 6.2% 17900 -0.4% -1300 -7.6% -25200
Arizona 6.6% -0.1% -3.8% 1.7% 41 5.9% 164500 2.6% 76200 -0.7% -20900
Arkansas 4.3% -0.1% -2.8% 0.5% 20 3.4% 42200 0.8% 9700 -1.7% -21900
California 7.6% -0.4% -5.6% 3.3% 50 5.5% 864400 1.7% 280600 -6.4% -1131900
Colorado 6.1% -0.3% -1.3% 3.3% 37 5.4% 140500 1.6% 42300 -3.0% -85400
Connecticut 7.3% -0.8% -4.0% 3.6% 47 4.9% 75300 1.2% 19000 -5.7% -96000
Delaware 5.6% -0.8% -2.7% 1.1% 33 4.2% 18100 1.3% 5900 -3.6% -16800
Washington D.C. 6.7% -0.8% -2.2% 1.7% 43 3.4% 24800 1.7% 12800 -6.6% -53000
Florida 5.1% 0.3% -6.4% 1.8% 29 4.2% 356700 2.1% 178500 -3.5% -315800
Georgia 3.7% -0.6% -3.9% 0.2% 10 5.8% 249500 2.2% 98000 -2.0% -94400
Hawaii 7.3% -1.2% -6.8% 5.2% 46 10.0% 53000 4.0% 22200 -12.0% -79500
Idaho 3.0% -0.1% -2.9% 0.4% 6 5.1% 38500 0.8% 6200 2.2% 17400
Illinois 7.1% 0.0% -4.9% 3.5% 44 4.2% 231100 1.1% 65800 -5.7% -348700
Indiana 4.1% 0.2% -4.5% 0.9% 16 3.0% 88600 1.0% 30800 -3.3% -105100
Iowa 4.1% 0.3% -2.0% 1.2% 15 3.1% 46100 1.0% 15200 -3.7% -58100
Kansas 3.8% 0.3% -2.8% 0.6% 11 2.7% 36300 0.8% 10700 -3.3% -46600
Kentucky 4.4% -0.3% -1.2% 0.2% 22 2.7% 48100 -0.1% -1900 -5.0% -98600
Louisiana 6.6% -0.6% -2.5% 1.4% 40 3.2% 58200 0.8% 15300 -7.2% -144300
Maine 4.9% 0.1% -3.9% 1.8% 26 7.1% 40800 1.0% 6300 -3.5% -22500
Maryland 6.0% -0.2% -2.7% 2.5% 35 5.3% 133600 1.0% 27100 -4.3% -118300
Massachusetts 4.9% -1.5% -4.9% 2.1% 25 7.8% 254200 1.9% 63800 -6.2% -230700
Michigan 4.8% -0.1% -4.2% 1.1% 24 4.6% 181500 1.2% 50400 -6.4% -287000
Minnesota 3.9% -0.2% -3.7% 0.6% 14 4.7% 127700 1.0% 28400 -5.0% -150500
Mississippi 6.1% -0.1% -2.4% 0.3% 36 3.8% 41100 1.3% 14800 -2.3% -26400
Missouri 4.2% 0.1% -2.6% 0.6% 18 3.0% 83900 0.8% 23700 -3.1% -90900
Montana 3.6% -0.1% -3.0% -0.1% 9 4.2% 19600 0.8% 3800 -0.7% -3600
Nebraska 2.3% -0.5% -2.1% -0.7% 1 3.6% 35000 0.5% 5500 -1.9% -20100
Nevada 7.7% -0.3% -8.9% 4.0% 51 8.2% 100900 2.1% 27700 -7.4% -106900
New Hampshire 2.9% 0.1% -5.2% 0.3% 4 5.5% 34600 0.2% 1600 -4.4% -30100
New Jersey 7.3% -0.2% -5.8% 3.6% 45 6.7% 249700 1.3% 52300 -6.5% -275500
New Mexico 7.6% -0.5% -4.9% 2.3% 49 3.8% 29700 2.5% 19700 -6.1% -53000
New York 7.6% -0.6% -7.1% 3.7% 48 7.0% 583500 0.7% 65400 -9.0% -889800
North Carolina 4.4% -0.6% -4.4% 0.8% 21 6.3% 270200 2.7% 120500 -1.0% -45800
North Dakota 3.9% -0.3% -2.3% 1.6% 13 3.7% 14800 0.1% 500 -5.2% -22800
Ohio 5.4% 0.7% -3.9% 0.7% 32 2.8% 147700 0.7% 36900 -4.8% -269000
Oklahoma 3.5% -0.6% -3.7% 0.4% 8 1.6% 25800 0.2% 3000 -4.3% -72900
Oregon 5.2% -0.7% -4.4% 1.7% 31 4.4% 79000 1.6% 30300 -5.0% -98900
Pennsylvania 6.6% -0.5% -6.4% 1.6% 39 4.0% 222200 1.2% 66100 -5.9% -360800
Rhode Island 5.8% -0.5% -8.2% 1.8% 34 7.1% 31900 2.3% 10800 -5.6% -28500
South Carolina 4.3% -0.7% -3.3% 1.5% 19 4.8% 98000 1.3% 27800 -2.6% -57000
South Dakota 2.9% 0.1% -2.5% 0.0% 3 4.6% 19400 0.5% 2300 -1.0% -4300
Tennessee 4.7% -0.3% -4.2% 0.8% 23 4.8% 142600 0.9% 28100 -2.1% -64900
Texas 6.2% -0.5% -3.1% 2.5% 38 6.0% 714800 1.5% 181800 -2.0% -261700
Utah 2.6% -0.2% -2.8% 0.1% 2 6.0% 91500 1.4% 21600 2.7% 41800
Vermont 3.0% 0.1% -3.4% 0.5% 5 8.9% 24700 3.5% 10300 -4.0% -12600
Virginia 4.2% -0.5% -3.7% 1.7% 17 3.8% 143800 0.3% 10500 -4.6% -188500
Washington 5.1% -0.3% -5.7% 1.0% 28 5.8% 187000 1.7% 57400 -3.2% -114000
West Virginia 5.0% -0.8% -4.4% -0.1% 27 4.1% 27100 0.9% 6400 -3.8% -27400
Wisconsin 3.9% 0.0% -3.3% 0.6% 12 3.8% 104500 0.9% 27100 -3.8% -114000
Wyoming 5.2% -0.2% -1.6% 0.4% 30 3.1% 8300 -0.6% -1700 -5.1% -14700

Jobs refers to the total number of jobs, part-time or full-time, in nonfarm establishments.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Local Area Unemployment Statistics data

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When workers lose a job or cannot find work, they and their families lose wages and benefits, and the adverse effects may last a very long time as career trajectories are interrupted. When more workers are unemployed, it also depresses wage growth for those workers who have a job, since employers have little need to raise pay to attract or retain staff. Although the country remains on a positive trend of job growth and falling unemployment, many states still have rates of job growth that are leaving many unable to find work and paychecks falling behind. To ensure workers in every community have access to jobs and rising pay, policymakers should prioritize a full employment agenda.

Data come from the State and Regional Employment report, released monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Explore the map to see how these indicators differ across the country and read EPI’s recent research analyzing jobs and unemployment.