Economic Indicators

State Jobs Picture

Updated March 2019

The unemployment rate and the change in the number of jobs are important indicators of state labor market health. The unemployment rate is the share of the state’s labor force that is not currently employed and is actively looking for work. Healthy job growth is growth that provides regular employment for all individuals wanting a job. 

The map below shows the current unemployment rate in each state, and the percent change in the number of jobs in each state over the preceding 12 months. Clicking on a state will also show the change in that state’s unemployment rate or change in the number of jobs over the last 3 months, 12 months, and since December 2007—the peak of the previous business cycle.

February

Current state unemployment rate and percent change in total number of jobs over last 12 months

State Current unemployment rate Change in unemployment rate in last 3 months Change in unemployment rate in last 12 months Change in unemployment rate since February 2020 State unemployment rate raking from lowest to highest Percent change in number of jobs in last 12 months Change in number of jobs in last 12 months Percent change in numbers of jobs in last 3 months Change in number of jobs in last 3 months Percent change in number of jobs since February 2020 Change in number of jobs since February 2020
Alabama 4.0% -0.7% 1.4% 1.4% 12 -3.3% -68100 0.5% 9400 -3.3% -68100
Alaska 6.6% 0.1% 1.5% 1.5% 36 -7.3% -24100 0.4% 1200 -7.3% -24100
Arizona 6.9% 0.1% 2.0% 2.0% 38 -3.9% -117800 0.5% 13100 -3.9% -117800
Arkansas 4.5% -0.8% 0.7% 0.7% 16 -2.8% -36800 0.2% 2700 -2.8% -36800
California 8.5% -0.2% 4.2% 4.2% 49 -9.4% -1662000 -0.1% -14400 -9.4% -1662000
Colorado 6.6% -0.3% 3.8% 3.8% 35 -5.6% -156700 0.5% 14400 -5.6% -156700
Connecticut 8.5% 0.3% 4.8% 4.8% 48 -7.2% -121500 0.0% -600 -7.2% -121500
Delaware 6.3% 0.5% 1.8% 1.8% 34 -5.2% -24500 0.3% 1400 -5.2% -24500
Washington D.C. 8.1% -0.7% 3.1% 3.1% 45 -8.9% -71300 -0.2% -1500 -8.9% -71300
Florida 4.7% -0.7% 1.4% 1.4% 18 -6.2% -560000 0.4% 37500 -6.2% -560000
Georgia 4.8% -0.8% 1.3% 1.3% 20 -4.6% -213600 0.6% 26800 -4.6% -213600
Hawaii 9.2% -1.1% 7.1% 7.1% 51 -17.8% -118000 2.2% 11600 -17.8% -118000
Idaho 3.3% -1.0% 0.7% 0.7% 7 1.0% 7900 1.3% 9900 1.0% 7900
Illinois 7.4% -0.7% 3.8% 3.8% 42 -7.5% -461200 0.6% 35100 -7.5% -461200
Indiana 4.0% -1.0% 0.8% 0.8% 11 -4.4% -138000 0.3% 8600 -4.4% -138000
Iowa 3.6% -0.3% 0.7% 0.7% 8 -5.1% -80400 0.1% 1500 -5.1% -80400
Kansas 3.2% -1.5% 0.0% 0.0% 5 -4.9% -70500 0.2% 2200 -4.9% -70500
Kentucky 5.2% -0.4% 1.0% 1.0% 26 -5.1% -100400 0.0% 100 -5.1% -100400
Louisiana 7.6% -0.3% 2.4% 2.4% 43 -7.8% -155200 0.4% 7600 -7.8% -155200
Maine 4.8% -0.1% 1.7% 1.7% 19 -5.3% -34200 0.6% 3700 -5.3% -34200
Maryland 6.2% -0.6% 2.7% 2.7% 32 -6.0% -165900 0.4% 10400 -6.0% -165900
Massachusetts 7.1% -1.3% 4.3% 4.3% 39 -8.7% -325100 1.3% 43300 -8.7% -325100
Michigan 5.2% -3.0% 1.5% 1.5% 25 -7.5% -332300 0.6% 24900 -7.5% -332300
Minnesota 4.3% -0.7% 1.0% 1.0% 14 -7.0% -211200 0.5% 12700 -7.0% -211200
Mississippi 6.3% -0.4% 0.5% 0.5% 33 -4.0% -47000 -0.5% -6000 -4.0% -47000
Missouri 4.2% -0.5% 0.6% 0.6% 13 -4.5% -130500 0.2% 6100 -4.5% -130500
Montana 3.9% -0.6% 0.2% 0.2% 10 -2.1% -10300 0.4% 2100 -2.1% -10300
Nebraska 3.1% -0.3% 0.1% 0.1% 4 -2.9% -30300 0.9% 8800 -2.9% -30300
Nevada 8.3% -0.4% 4.6% 4.6% 47 -10.6% -153500 1.2% 15900 -10.6% -153500
New Hampshire 3.3% -0.9% 0.7% 0.7% 6 -5.4% -37500 1.0% 6700 -5.4% -37500
New Jersey 7.8% -2.4% 4.1% 4.1% 44 -8.4% -353200 0.1% 5400 -8.4% -353200
New Mexico 8.3% -0.2% 3.0% 3.0% 46 -8.9% -77100 -0.1% -800 -8.9% -77100
New York 8.9% 0.2% 5.0% 5.0% 50 -10.8% -1062800 0.2% 18700 -10.8% -1062800
North Carolina 5.7% -0.7% 2.1% 2.1% 29 -3.8% -173700 0.9% 38600 -3.8% -173700
North Dakota 4.7% 0.0% 2.4% 2.4% 17 -6.5% -28500 1.1% 4500 -6.5% -28500
Ohio 5.0% -0.6% 0.3% 0.3% 22 -5.6% -314000 0.1% 3600 -5.6% -314000
Oklahoma 4.4% -0.4% 1.3% 1.3% 15 -5.4% -91900 -0.2% -3500 -5.4% -91900
Oregon 6.1% -0.5% 2.6% 2.6% 30 -7.8% -153900 -0.4% -6600 -7.8% -153900
Pennsylvania 7.3% 0.2% 2.3% 2.3% 41 -7.2% -435900 0.3% 18900 -7.2% -435900
Rhode Island 7.3% -0.6% 3.3% 3.3% 40 -8.7% -44300 -0.2% -700 -8.7% -44300
South Carolina 5.2% -0.4% 2.4% 2.4% 24 -3.9% -85100 0.3% 6900 -3.9% -85100
South Dakota 2.9% -0.7% 0.0% 0.0% 1 -2.5% -11000 0.5% 2200 -2.5% -11000
Tennessee 4.9% -0.7% 1.0% 1.0% 21 -3.8% -118600 0.5% 14000 -3.8% -118600
Texas 6.9% -0.3% 3.2% 3.2% 37 -4.6% -593300 0.6% 77200 -4.6% -593300
Utah 3.0% -0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 2 0.4% 5800 1.2% 18400 0.4% 5800
Vermont 3.1% -0.6% 0.6% 0.6% 3 -8.8% -27600 -0.1% -200 -8.8% -27600
Virginia 5.2% -0.6% 2.7% 2.7% 23 -4.8% -197300 0.1% 5600 -4.8% -197300
Washington 5.6% -1.1% 1.5% 1.5% 28 -6.0% -212500 0.9% 28400 -6.0% -212500
West Virginia 6.2% -0.8% 1.1% 1.1% 31 -5.5% -39400 0.6% 4200 -5.5% -39400
Wisconsin 3.8% -0.6% 0.5% 0.5% 9 -5.5% -164600 0.6% 16600 -5.5% -164600
Wyoming 5.3% 0.0% 0.5% 0.5% 27 -5.2% -15100 0.1% 300 -5.2% -15100

Jobs refers to the total number of jobs, part-time or full-time, in nonfarm establishments.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Local Area Unemployment Statistics data

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When workers lose a job or cannot find work, they and their families lose wages and benefits, and the adverse effects may last a very long time as career trajectories are interrupted. When more workers are unemployed, it also depresses wage growth for those workers who have a job, since employers have little need to raise pay to attract or retain staff. Although the country remains on a positive trend of job growth and falling unemployment, many states still have rates of job growth that are leaving many unable to find work and paychecks falling behind. To ensure workers in every community have access to jobs and rising pay, policymakers should prioritize a full employment agenda.

Data come from the State and Regional Employment report, released monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Explore the map to see how these indicators differ across the country and read EPI’s recent research analyzing jobs and unemployment.