Economic Indicators

State Jobs Picture

Updated June 2018

The unemployment rate and the change in the number of jobs are important indicators of state labor market health. The unemployment rate is the share of the state’s labor force that is not currently employed and is actively looking for work. Healthy job growth is growth that provides regular employment for all individuals wanting a job. 

The map below shows the current unemployment rate in each state, and the percent change in the number of jobs in each state over the preceding 12 months. Clicking on a state will also show the change in that state’s unemployment rate or change in the number of jobs over the last 3 months, 12 months, and since December 2007—the peak of the previous business cycle.

May

Current state unemployment rate and percent change in total number of jobs over last 12 months

State Current unemployment rate Change in unemployment rate in last 3 months Change in unemployment rate in last 12 months Change in unemployment rate since Dec. 2007 State unemployment rate ranking from lowest to highest Percent change in number of jobs in last 12 months Change in number of jobs in last 12 months Percent change in number of jobs in last 3 months Change in number of jobs in last 3 months Percent change in number of jobs since Dec. 2007 Change in number of jobs since Dec. 2007
Alabama 3.9% 0.2% -0.7% -0.4% 23 1.1% 22,900 0.2% 5,000 0.2% 3,500
Alaska 7.2% -0.1% 0.1% 0.8% 51 -0.2% -500 0.1% 400 3.3% 10,400
Arizona 4.7% -0.2% -0.2% 0.4% 44 2.5% 69,900 0.8% 21,700 5.8% 155,600
Arkansas 3.8% 0.0% 0.2% -1.3% 21 0.5% 6,600 0.3% 4000 3.1% 37,800
California 4.2% -0.1% -0.7% -1.7% 31 1.8% 306,000 0.2% 36,500 10.4% 1,609,600
Colorado 2.8% -0.2% 0.2% -1.3% 5 2.7% 72,800 0.8% 21,000 15.9% 373,200
Connecticut 4.5% -0.1% -0.2% -0.4% 39 0.7% 11500 -0.1% -1,300 -0.9% -14,600
Delaware 4.0% -0.4% -0.6% 0.3% 25 1.3% 6100 0.6% 2700 4.5% 19,700
Washington D.C. 5.6% -0.1% -0.6% 0.0% 50 1.1% 8,700 0.5% 4100 14.0% 98,300
Florida 3.8% -0.1% -0.4% -0.9% 22 2.1% 180,200 0.5% 43,800 10.3% 815,100
Georgia 4.2% -0.2% -0.6% -0.8% 32 1.7% 76,700 0.1% 6,300 8.3% 344,700
Hawaii 2.0% -0.1% -0.4% -1.1% 1 1.7% 11,300 0.3% 2300 5.7% 35,700
Idaho 2.9% -0.1% -0.3% -0.2% 10 3.1% 21,800 0.3% 2,500 12.0% 78,900
Illinois 4.3% -0.4% -0.6% -1.1% 33 1.0% 60,200 0.2% 13700 2.1% 123,700
Indiana 3.2% 0.0% -0.3% -1.5% 13 1.1% 33,100 0.3% 8,300 4.7% 140,000
Iowa 2.7% -0.2% -0.5% -1.0% 3 1.1% 17,100 0.2% 3700 4.0% 61,200
Kansas 3.4% 0.0% -0.2% -0.9% 16 1.6% 22,700 0.4% 5,500 2.4% 32,900
Kentucky 4.1% 0.0% -1.0% -1.3% 28 0.8% 15,200 0.3% 6000 4.0% 74,600
Louisiana 4.6% 0.1% -0.7% 0.4% 42 1.0% 18900 0.7% 13700 2.9% 56,700
Maine 2.8% -0.1% -0.6% -2.0% 6 1.4% 8400 0.5% 3,400 1.5% 9400
Maryland 4.3% 0.1% 0.2% 1.0% 34 0.5% 12,700 0.2% 4100 4.5% 118,200
Massachusetts 3.5% 0.0% -0.3% -1.1% 17 1.6% 56,100 0.4% 15,900 10.0% 333,300
Michigan 4.6% -0.2% 0.2% -2.6% 43 1.3% 57,800 0.3% 11,100 4.2% 179,000
Minnesota 3.1% -0.1% -0.4% -1.6% 12 1.0% 30,000 0.2% 6800 6.7% 185,600
Mississippi 4.7% 0.2% -0.6% -1.1% 45 1.4% 15,900 0.0% 500 0.4% 4,300
Missouri 3.6% -0.1% -0.1% -1.8% 19 1.2% 34,300 0.1% 3,800 3.3% 92,600
Montana 3.9% -0.2% -0.1% -0.3% 24 0.6% 2,900 -0.1% -300 6.5% 28,800
Nebraska 2.8% 0.0% -0.1% -0.2% 7 1.3% 13,400 0.7% 7,500 6.5% 62,800
Nevada 4.8% -0.1% -0.3% -0.2% 47 2.8% 37,400 0.3% 4,000 6.3% 81,600
New Hampshire 2.7% 0.1% 0.0% -0.8% 4 1.9% 12,900 0.4% 2400 5.6% 36,200
New Jersey 4.4% -0.2% -0.1% -0.1% 37 1.4% 57,200 0.1% 4,000 2.3% 94,900
New Mexico 5.1% -0.7% -1.1% 1.2% 48 1.6% 13,200 0.3% 2,500 -0.9% -7,500
New York 4.5% -0.1% -0.2% -0.3% 40 1.1% 108,400 0.1% 12,600 9.6% 845,500
North Carolina 4.3% -0.2% -0.2% -0.6% 35 2.3% 99,600 0.8% 34,200 8.1% 337,400
North Dakota 2.6% 0.0% 0.1% -0.4% 2 -0.5% -2,000 1.2% 4900 18.9% 68,300
Ohio 4.3% -0.2% -0.8% -1.3% 36 1.4% 76,200 0.5% 30,200 3.3% 180,500
Oklahoma 4.0% -0.1% -0.3% 0.4% 26 1.5% 25,300 0.2% 2900 4.8% 76,500
Oregon 4.1% 0.0% 0.0% -1.2% 29 2.3% 42,200 0.5% 9,100 10.0% 173,600
Pennsylvania 4.5% -0.3% -0.4% -0.2% 41 1.3% 78,200 0.2% 12,500 3.5% 202,800
Rhode Island 4.4% -0.2% 0.0% -1.6% 38 1.5% 7,500 0.3% 1500 2.6% 12,500
South Carolina 4.0% -0.4% -0.2% -1.6% 27 1.8% 38,400 0.0% 900 8.9% 173,300
South Dakota 3.3% -0.1% 0.0% 0.6% 15 1.4% 6100 0.1% 400 7.9% 32,200
Tennessee 3.5% 0.1% -0.3% -1.9% 18 1.8% 53,400 0.4% 12700 9.0% 252,800
Texas 4.1% 0.1% -0.3% -0.2% 30 2.9% 352,100 0.9% 110,600 18.7% 1,980,200
Utah 3.0% -0.1% -0.3% 0.1% 11 3.4% 49,800 0.9% 12,900 19.6% 247,700
Vermont 2.8% 0.0% -0.3% -1.4% 8 0.4% 1400 0.2% 600 2.0% 6,100
Virginia 3.2% -0.3% -0.6% -0.1% 14 1.3% 53,000 0.4% 17,300 5.9% 223,500
Washington 4.7% 0.0% -0.1% 0.0% 46 2.9% 95,800 0.6% 21,800 13.8% 414,400
West Virginia 5.4% 0.0% 0.4% 0.8% 49 2.3% 17100 1.0% 7800 0.0% 100
Wisconsin 2.8% -0.1% -0.5% -1.9% 9 0.7% 20,200 -0.1% -3,200 3.0% 86,200
Wyoming 3.7% -0.3% -0.3% 0.9% 20 1.3% 3,700 0.0% 0 -3.2% -9,500

Jobs refers to the total number of jobs, part-time or full-time, in non-farm establishments.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Local Area Unemployment Statistics data

Copy the code below to embed this chart on your website.

When workers lose a job or cannot find work, they and their families lose wages and benefits, and the adverse effects may last a very long time as career trajectories are interrupted. When more workers are unemployed, it also depresses wage growth for those workers who have a job, since employers have little need to raise pay to attract or retain staff. Although the country remains on a positive trend of job growth and falling unemployment, many states still have rates of job growth that are leaving many unable to find work and paychecks failing behind. To ensure workers in every community have access to jobs and rising pay, policymakers should prioritize a full employment agenda.

Data come from the State and Regional Employment report, released monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Explore the map to see how these indicators differ across the country and read EPI’s recent research analyzing jobs and unemployment.