Economic Indicators

State Jobs Picture

Updated July 2018

The unemployment rate and the change in the number of jobs are important indicators of state labor market health. The unemployment rate is the share of the state’s labor force that is not currently employed and is actively looking for work. Healthy job growth is growth that provides regular employment for all individuals wanting a job. 

The map below shows the current unemployment rate in each state, and the percent change in the number of jobs in each state over the preceding 12 months. Clicking on a state will also show the change in that state’s unemployment rate or change in the number of jobs over the last 3 months, 12 months, and since December 2007—the peak of the previous business cycle.

June

Current state unemployment rate and percent change in total number of jobs over last 12 months

State Current unemployment rate Change in unemployment rate in last 3 months Change in unemployment rate in last 12 months Change in unemployment rate since Dec. 2007 State unemployment rate ranking from lowest to highest Percent change in number of jobs in last 12 months Change in number of jobs in last 12 months Percent change in number of jobs in last 3 months Change in number of jobs in last 3 months Percent change in number of jobs since Dec. 2007 Change in number of jobs since Dec. 2007
Alabama 4.1% 0.3% -0.2% -0.2% 30 1.3% 26,700 0.6% 11,900 0.5% 11,000
Alaska 7.1% -0.2% -0.1% 0.7% 51 -1.0% -3200 -0.6% -2100 2.5% 7,900
Arizona 4.7% -0.2% -0.1% 0.4% 47 2.4% 66,100 0.8% 22,600 6.0% 161,500
Arkansas 3.8% 0.0% 0.1% -1.3% 24 0.6% 7,200 0.3% 3200 3.3% 40,400
California 4.2% -0.1% -0.6% -1.7% 33 1.6% 269,100 0.2% 33,600 10.4% 1,612,100
Colorado 2.7% -0.3% 0.0% -1.4% 5 2.8% 74,600 0.7% 19,800 16.1% 379,400
Connecticut 4.4% -0.1% -0.3% -0.5% 39 0.9% 14900 0.6% 10,300 -0.4% -6,500
Delaware 3.9% -0.4% -0.7% 0.2% 26 0.9% 4000 0.1% 400 4.3% 19,000
Washington D.C. 5.6% 0.0% -0.6% 0.0% 50 0.4% 2,800 0.0% 100 13.3% 93,400
Florida 3.8% -0.1% -0.3% -0.9% 23 2.0% 170,500 0.4% 38,600 10.4% 827,700
Georgia 4.1% -0.3% -0.6% -0.9% 29 1.7% 77,300 0.7% 29,400 8.7% 363,000
Hawaii 2.1% 0.0% -0.3% -1.0% 1 1.5% 9,800 0.3% 1800 5.6% 35,400
Idaho 2.9% 0.0% -0.3% -0.2% 10 3.0% 21,700 0.6% 4,100 12.5% 81,700
Illinois 4.3% -0.3% -0.6% -1.1% 38 1.0% 58,300 0.5% 28400 2.4% 140,900
Indiana 3.3% 0.1% -0.2% -1.4% 15 0.6% 17,300 -0.2% -5,200 4.5% 133,700
Iowa 2.7% -0.1% -0.5% -1.0% 4 1.0% 15,900 0.3% 5000 4.1% 63,200
Kansas 3.4% 0.0% -0.2% -0.9% 16 1.8% 24,800 0.6% 9,100 2.7% 37,900
Kentucky 4.2% 0.2% -0.9% -1.2% 32 0.2% 3,100 -0.2% -3000 3.6% 66,700
Louisiana 4.7% 0.3% -0.5% 0.5% 46 0.9% 17200 0.3% 5200 2.8% 53,800
Maine 2.9% 0.2% -0.6% -1.9% 9 1.1% 6800 0.3% 1,700 1.5% 9100
Maryland 4.3% 0.0% 0.2% 1.0% 37 0.2% 5,400 -0.1% -1700 4.4% 116,100
Massachusetts 3.5% 0.0% -0.3% -1.1% 19 1.7% 63,200 1.0% 36,300 10.7% 356,700
Michigan 4.5% -0.2% 0.1% -2.7% 42 1.2% 51,600 0.1% 3,600 4.3% 180,800
Minnesota 3.1% -0.1% -0.3% -1.6% 12 1.1% 33,300 0.5% 13500 7.0% 192,700
Mississippi 4.7% 0.2% -0.5% -1.1% 45 1.5% 17,500 0.2% 2700 0.7% 7,900
Missouri 3.5% -0.1% -0.2% -1.9% 18 1.2% 34,300 0.3% 9,500 3.6% 101,200
Montana 3.8% -0.3% -0.2% -0.4% 22 0.6% 2,900 0.0% 0 6.6% 29,600
Nebraska 2.9% 0.1% 0.0% -0.1% 8 1.3% 13,600 0.5% 5,100 6.5% 63,300
Nevada 4.7% -0.2% -0.4% -0.3% 44 2.8% 37,600 0.4% 6,100 6.6% 85,200
New Hampshire 2.7% 0.1% 0.0% -0.8% 3 1.8% 12,300 0.9% 5800 5.8% 37,900
New Jersey 4.3% -0.3% -0.3% -0.2% 36 1.1% 43,900 0.0% -2,000 2.3% 95,200
New Mexico 4.9% -0.7% -1.2% 1.0% 48 1.5% 12,600 0.2% 1,600 -0.9% -7,700
New York 4.5% -0.1% -0.2% -0.3% 41 1.1% 107,700 0.4% 35,800 9.9% 865,600
North Carolina 4.2% -0.3% -0.2% -0.7% 31 2.3% 103,400 1.0% 45,300 8.5% 353,600
North Dakota 2.6% 0.0% 0.1% -0.4% 2 -0.1% -400 1.4% 6000 19.3% 70,000
Ohio 4.5% 0.1% -0.6% -1.1% 40 1.3% 72,300 0.5% 27,000 3.4% 186,600
Oklahoma 3.9% -0.1% -0.4% 0.3% 25 1.6% 27,200 0.6% 9800 5.2% 84,200
Oregon 4.0% -0.1% -0.1% -1.3% 28 2.0% 38,000 0.2% 4,400 10.0% 173,900
Pennsylvania 4.3% -0.5% -0.5% -0.4% 35 1.3% 77,500 0.2% 10,700 3.5% 205,300
Rhode Island 4.3% -0.2% -0.1% -1.7% 34 1.5% 7,500 0.8% 4000 3.0% 14,600
South Carolina 3.8% -0.6% -0.4% -1.8% 21 1.7% 35,200 0.3% 5900 9.1% 176,700
South Dakota 3.2% -0.2% -0.1% 0.5% 14 1.5% 6500 0.3% 1400 8.0% 32,500
Tennessee 3.5% 0.1% -0.1% -1.9% 17 2.0% 59,500 0.7% 21600 9.5% 265,500
Texas 4.0% 0.0% -0.2% -0.3% 27 2.9% 359,500 0.9% 107,600 19.1% 2,013,400
Utah 3.0% -0.1% -0.3% 0.1% 11 3.0% 43,900 0.4% 6,200 19.6% 247,700
Vermont 2.8% 0.0% -0.2% -1.4% 6 0.1% 400 0.4% 1300 2.4% 7,300
Virginia 3.2% -0.2% -0.5% -0.1% 13 1.1% 43,800 0.3% 12,900 6.0% 224,900
Washington 4.7% 0.0% -0.1% 0.0% 43 2.7% 90,000 0.6% 21,000 14.0% 418,700
West Virginia 5.3% -0.1% 0.3% 0.7% 49 0.9% 6800 0.0% -200 -1.2% -9200
Wisconsin 2.9% 0.0% -0.4% -1.8% 7 1.0% 30,000 0.1% 2,600 3.4% 98,400
Wyoming 3.7% -0.2% -0.3% 0.9% 20 1.7% 4,900 0.6% 1600 -2.9% -8,600

Jobs refers to the total number of jobs, part-time or full-time, in non-farm establishments.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Local Area Unemployment Statistics data

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When workers lose a job or cannot find work, they and their families lose wages and benefits, and the adverse effects may last a very long time as career trajectories are interrupted. When more workers are unemployed, it also depresses wage growth for those workers who have a job, since employers have little need to raise pay to attract or retain staff. Although the country remains on a positive trend of job growth and falling unemployment, many states still have rates of job growth that are leaving many unable to find work and paychecks failing behind. To ensure workers in every community have access to jobs and rising pay, policymakers should prioritize a full employment agenda.

Data come from the State and Regional Employment report, released monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Explore the map to see how these indicators differ across the country and read EPI’s recent research analyzing jobs and unemployment.