Economic Indicators

State Jobs Picture

Updated March 2019

The unemployment rate and the change in the number of jobs are important indicators of state labor market health. The unemployment rate is the share of the state’s labor force that is not currently employed and is actively looking for work. Healthy job growth is growth that provides regular employment for all individuals wanting a job. 

The map below shows the current unemployment rate in each state, and the percent change in the number of jobs in each state over the preceding 12 months. Clicking on a state will also show the change in that state’s unemployment rate or change in the number of jobs over the last 3 months, 12 months, and since December 2007—the peak of the previous business cycle.

June

Current state unemployment rate and percent change in total number of jobs over last 12 months

State Current unemployment rate Change in unemployment rate in last 3 months Change in unemployment rate in last 12 months Change in unemployment rate since Dec. 2007 State unemployment rate ranking from lowest to highest Percent change in number of jobs in last 12 months Change in number of jobs in last 12 months Percent change in number of jobs in last 3 months Change in number of jobs in last 3 months Percent change in number of jobs since Dec. 2007 Change in number of jobs since Dec. 2007
Alabama 3.5% -0.2% -0.6% -0.8% 23 1.9% 39300 0.6% 11700 2.4% 48600
Alaska 6.4% -0.1% -0.2% 0.0% 1 1.4% 4700 0.2% 700 4.1% 13200
Arizona 4.9% -0.1% 0.2% 0.6% 4 2.8% 80200 0.9% 25400 9.3% 248200
Arkansas 3.5% -0.2% -0.2% -1.6% 24 1.3% 16100 0.1% 1800 5.7% 68300
California 4.2% -0.1% 0.0% -1.7% 10 1.7% 296100 0.7% 116400 12.9% 1992700
Colorado 3.0% -0.5% -0.2% -1.1% 39 1.9% 52800 0.9% 23700 18.3% 429600
Connecticut 3.7% -0.2% -0.4% -1.2% 20 0.2% 4000 -0.2% -2800 -1.0% -17200
Delaware 3.2% -0.1% -0.6% -0.5% 36 0.8% 3800 0.0% 200 5.4% 23700
Washington D.C. 5.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 2 0.6% 4800 0.3% 2000 14.2% 99200
Florida 3.4% -0.1% -0.2% -1.3% 30 2.5% 218800 0.7% 60500 13.3% 1055900
Georgia 3.7% -0.2% -0.2% -1.3% 21 1.8% 80400 0.3% 14600 10.7% 445200
Hawaii 2.8% 0.0% 0.4% -0.3% 45 0.2% 1200 0.0% 100 4.9% 30900
Idaho 2.8% -0.1% 0.0% -0.3% 46 2.3% 16700 0.6% 4200 15.0% 98300
Illinois 4.3% -0.1% 0.0% -1.1% 8 1.3% 79200 0.5% 32100 3.5% 208300
Indiana 3.5% -0.1% 0.0% -1.2% 25 1.0% 31700 0.0% 1400 6.2% 185900
Iowa 2.4% 0.0% -0.1% -1.3% 49 0.7% 10400 0.7% 10400 4.6% 69600
Kansas 3.4% -0.1% 0.1% -0.9% 31 0.8% 11000 0.6% 8100 2.8% 38500
Kentucky 4.1% 0.1% -0.3% -1.3% 12 1.1% 20700 0.4% 7500 5.2% 96800
Louisiana 4.3% -0.4% -0.7% 0.1% 9 -0.1% -1300 -0.2% -4800 2.2% 41700
Maine 3.2% -0.2% -0.2% -1.6% 37 0.7% 4100 0.2% 1300 2.1% 13200
Maryland 3.8% 0.0% -0.2% 0.5% 18 0.1% 3900 -0.4% -10300 5.1% 134200
Massachusetts 3.0% 0.0% -0.4% -1.6% 40 1.0% 35500 0.3% 11900 11.0% 364500
Michigan 4.2% 0.2% 0.2% -3.0% 11 0.4% 18700 0.0% 900 4.7% 199000
Minnesota 3.3% 0.1% 0.5% -1.4% 34 0.3% 9400 0.2% 5500 7.0% 193900
Mississippi 5.0% 0.1% 0.3% -0.8% 3 1.2% 14300 0.6% 6900 0.7% 8000
Missouri 3.3% 0.0% 0.2% -2.1% 35 1.0% 28900 0.5% 13400 3.7% 105300
Montana 3.5% -0.2% -0.2% -0.7% 26 1.2% 5700 0.9% 4400 8.4% 37600
Nebraska 3.0% 0.2% 0.2% 0.0% 41 0.5% 5400 0.6% 6000 6.4% 62200
Nevada 4.0% -0.2% -0.5% -1.0% 15 3.3% 45500 0.2% 3200 10.3% 133200
New Hampshire 2.5% 0.1% -0.1% -1.0% 48 1.4% 9400 0.5% 3600 6.4% 41500
New Jersey 3.5% -0.6% -0.6% -1.0% 27 1.1% 47600 0.3% 12100 3.2% 129900
New Mexico 4.9% -0.2% 0.1% 1.0% 5 1.7% 14400 0.5% 4600 0.8% 7000
New York 4.0% 0.1% -0.1% -0.8% 16 1.0% 97100 0.2% 21600 11.6% 1018100
North Carolina 4.1% 0.1% 0.2% -0.8% 13 1.4% 64100 0.4% 19000 9.5% 394900
North Dakota 2.3% 0.0% -0.3% -0.7% 50 0.4% 1900 0.6% 2600 20.5% 74300
Ohio 4.0% -0.4% -0.6% -1.6% 17 0.5% 28800 -0.1% -4400 3.2% 172800
Oklahoma 3.2% -0.1% -0.1% -0.4% 38 0.6% 10100 0.3% 4600 5.8% 92500
Oregon 4.1% -0.3% 0.1% -1.2% 14 1.9% 36200 0.2% 4700 11.8% 205400
Pennsylvania 3.8% -0.1% -0.4% -0.9% 19 0.7% 40600 0.0% -2500 4.0% 232800
Rhode Island 3.6% -0.2% -0.4% -2.4% 22 1.1% 5600 1.2% 6100 3.0% 14600
South Carolina 3.5% 0.3% 0.2% -2.1% 28 1.7% 35900 0.4% 8000 11.8% 230800
South Dakota 2.9% 0.1% -0.1% 0.2% 42 2.6% 11200 0.7% 3200 10.1% 41100
Tennessee 3.4% 0.2% -0.2% -2.0% 32 1.7% 52100 0.6% 19100 10.9% 306900
Texas 3.4% -0.4% -0.4% -0.9% 33 2.5% 315600 0.9% 109700 21.2% 2239600
Utah 2.8% -0.2% -0.3% -0.1% 47 2.7% 41300 0.4% 5600 22.9% 290000
Vermont 2.1% -0.2% -0.6% -2.1% 51 1.3% 4200 0.6% 2000 3.3% 10300
Virginia 2.9% 0.0% -0.1% -0.4% 43 0.7% 27600 0.0% -1400 6.7% 252000
Washington 4.6% 0.0% 0.2% -0.1% 7 2.7% 93200 0.8% 26700 16.6% 497300
West Virginia 4.7% -0.4% -0.5% 0.1% 6 1.7% 12000 0.1% 900 1.2% 9000
Wisconsin 2.9% 0.0% -0.2% -1.8% 44 0.4% 11800 0.1% 4100 3.7% 107200
Wyoming 3.5% -0.2% -0.6% 0.7% 29 2.0% 5800 0.4% 1300 -1.4% -4100

Jobs refers to the total number of jobs, part-time or full-time, in nonfarm establishments.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Local Area Unemployment Statistics data

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When workers lose a job or cannot find work, they and their families lose wages and benefits, and the adverse effects may last a very long time as career trajectories are interrupted. When more workers are unemployed, it also depresses wage growth for those workers who have a job, since employers have little need to raise pay to attract or retain staff. Although the country remains on a positive trend of job growth and falling unemployment, many states still have rates of job growth that are leaving many unable to find work and paychecks falling behind. To ensure workers in every community have access to jobs and rising pay, policymakers should prioritize a full employment agenda.

Data come from the State and Regional Employment report, released monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Explore the map to see how these indicators differ across the country and read EPI’s recent research analyzing jobs and unemployment.