Poverty rate absent targeted government programs, by age group, 2010
*As measured by the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM).
Note: The difference in the poverty rates between the first set of bars and each of the remaining sets is the extent to which each program reduced poverty. EITC is the Earned Income Tax Credit; SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; NSLP is the National School Lunch Program; WIC is the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children; and LIHEAP is the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program.
Source: Authors' analysis of Short (2011, Table 3a)