Table 6

Receipt of federal assistance for all workers, tipped and non-tipped workers, and waiters/bartenders

Share of workers receiving
some federal assistance*
Average total value
of federal assistance
All workers 35.9% $2,122
Non-tipped workers 35.5% $2,114
Tipped workers 46.0% $2,588
Waiters/bartenders 46.2% $2,724

* Receipt of some federal assistance indicates the worker or worker's family receives income from federal housing subsidies; the earned income tax credit (EITC); energy subsidies (LIHEAP); school lunch subsidies; SNAP (food stamps); or the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).

Note: Average values are the sum of reported dollar values or imputed fair market values for all programs. Figures are in 2013 dollars, deflated by CPI-U-RS.

Source: Authors' analysis of Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement microdata, 2010–2012

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