Worker rights preemption in the US: A map of the campaign to suppress worker rights in the states

Preemption Tracker Data

State Overview Minimum wage MW info Fair scheduling FS info Project labor agreements PLA info Prevailing wage PW info Paid leave PL info
Alabama 2016

Minimum wage

Since 2016, Alabama has prohibited its cities and counties from establishing local minimum wages above the federal minimum wage, which applies because Alabama has no state minimum wage. Any existing local minimum wage increases (including an increase in Birmingham) were nullified.

Law: Ala. Code § 25-7-41

Passed: 2016

By: Gov. Robert Bentley (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2016

Fair schedules

Since 2016, Alabama has prohibited its cities and counties from establishing any laws governing work schedules—such as laws requiring employers to give advance notice of work schedules or pay a premium for requiring workers to be “on call” for shifts. These laws are often referred to as “fair work scheduling” laws.

Law: Ala. Code § 25-7-41

Passed: 2016

By: Gov. Robert Bentley (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2016  

Project labor agreements

Since 2016, Alabama has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring city/county contractors to abide by project labor agreements.

Law: Ala. Code § 25-7-42

Passed: 2016

By: Gov. Robert Bentley (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2014

Paid leave

Since 2014, Alabama has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: Ala. Code § 11-80-16

Passed: 2014

By: Gov. Robert Bentley (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Arizona 2013

Paid leave

Since 2013, Arizona has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 23-204

Passed: 2013

By: Gov. Jan Brewer (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Arkansas 2017

Minimum wage

Since 2017, Arkansas has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Arkansas’s state minimum wage.

Law: S.B. 668 (Ark. 91st Gen. Assem. Reg. Sess. 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Asa Hutchinson (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

2017

Fair schedules

Since 2017, has prohibited its cities and counties from establishing any laws governing work schedules—such as laws requiring employers to give advance notice of work schedules or pay a premium for requiring workers to be “on call” for shifts. These laws are often referred to as “fair work scheduling” laws.

Law: S.B. 668 (Ark. 91st Gen. Assem. Reg. Sess. 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Asa Hutchinson (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2017

Paid leave

Since 2017, Arkansas has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: S.B. 668 (Ark. 91st Gen. Assem. Reg. Sess. 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Asa Hutchinson (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Colorado 1999

Minimum wage

Since 1999, Colorado has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Colorado’s state minimum wage.

Law: Colo. Rev. Stat. § 8-6-101

Passed: 1999

By: Gov. Bill Owens (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Florida 2003

Minimum wage

Since 2003, Florida has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Florida’s state minimum wage.

Law: Fla. Stat. § 218.077

Passed: 2003

By: Gov. Jeb Bush (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

 

 

2017

Project labor agreements

Since 2017, Florida has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring city/county contractors to abide by project labor agreements if 50 percent or more of the public works project is funded by state funds.

Law: Fla. HB 599 (Reg. Session 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Rick Scott (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2017

Prevailing wage

Since 2017, Florida has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring city/county contractors to pay workers a prevailing wage if 50 percent or more of the public works project is funded by state funds.

Law: Fla. HB 599 (Reg. Session 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Rick Scott (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2013

Paid leave

Since 2013, Florida has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: Fla. Stat. § 218.077

Passed: 2013

Georgia 2004

Minimum wage

Since 2004, Georgia has prohibited its cities and counties from establishing local minimum wages above the federal minimum wage, which applies in Georgia because its state minimum wage is below the federal minimum.

Law: Ga. Code Ann. § 34-4-3.1

Passed: 2004

By: Gov. Sonny Perdue (R), a Republican majority state senate, and a Democratic majority state house

 

 

2017

Fair schedules

Since 2017, Georgia has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to give employees any additional pay based on schedule changes (such as providing additional pay when employees are given schedule changes on short notice).

Law: Georgia HB 243 (Reg. Session 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Nathan Deal (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2004

Paid leave

Since 2004, Georgia has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: Ga. Code Ann. § 34-4-3.1

Passed: 2004

By: Gov. Sonny Perdue (R), a Republican majority state senate, and a Democratic majority state house

Idaho 2016

Minimum wage

Since 2016, Idaho has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Idaho’s state minimum wage.

Law: Idaho Code Ann. § 44-1502

Passed: 2016

By: Gov. Butch Otter (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Indiana  2011

Minimum wage

Since 2011, Indiana has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Indiana’s state minimum wage.

Law: Ind. Code § 22-2-2-10.5

Passed: 2011

By: Gov. Mitch Daniels (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

 

 

2016

Fair schedules

Since 2016, Indiana has prohibited its cities and counties from establishing any laws governing work schedules—such as requiring employers to give advance notice of work schedules or pay a premium for requiring workers to be “on call” for shifts. These laws are often referred to as “fair work scheduling” laws.

Law: Ind. Code §§ 22-2-16-3

Passed: 2016

By: Gov. Mike Pence (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2015

Prevailing wage

Since 2015, Indiana has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring city/county contractors to pay workers a prevailing wage.

Law: Ind. Code Ann. § 5-16-7.2-5

Passed: 2015

By: Gov. Mike Pence (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2013

Paid leave

Since 2013, Indiana has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: Ind. Code § 22-2-16-3

Passed: 2013

By: Gov. Mike Pence (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Iowa 2017

Minimum wage

Since 2017, Iowa has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Iowa’s state minimum wage. Any existing local minimum wage increases (including increases in Johnson, Linn, Polk, and Wapello Counties) were nullified.

Law: Iowa HF 295 (Reg. Session 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Terry Branstad (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

 

 

2017

Fair schedules

Since 2017, Iowa has prohibited its cities and counties from establishing any laws governing work schedules—such as laws requiring employers to give advance notice of work schedules or pay a premium for requiring workers to be “on call” for shifts. These laws are often referred to as “fair work scheduling” laws.

Law: Iowa HF 295 (Reg. Session 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Terry Branstad (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2017

Project labor agreements

Since 2017, Iowa has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring city/county contractors to abide by project labor agreements on construction projects.

Law: Iowa S.F. 483 (Reg. Session 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Terry Branstad (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2017

Paid leave

Since 2017, Iowa has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: Iowa HF 295 (Reg. Session 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Terry Branstad (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Kansas 2013

Minimum wage

Since 2013, Kansas has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Kansas’s state minimum wage.

Law: Kan. Stat. Ann. § 12-16,130

Passed: 2013

By: Gov. Sam Brownback (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

 

 

2016

Fair schedules

Since 2016, Kansas has prohibited its cities and counties from establishing any laws governing work schedules—such as laws requiring employers to give advance notice of work schedules or pay a premium for requiring workers to be “on call” for shifts. These laws are often referred to as “fair work scheduling” laws.

Law: Kan. Stat. Ann. § 12-16,130

Passed: 2016

By: Gov. Sam Brownback (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2013

Prevailing wage

Since 2013, Kansas has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring city/county contractors to pay workers a prevailing wage.

Law: Kan. Stat. Ann. § 12-16,131

Passed: 2013

By: Gov. Sam Brownback (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2013

Paid leave

Since 2013, Kansas has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: Kan. Stat. Ann. § 12-16,130

Passed: 2013

By: Gov. Sam Brownback (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Kentucky 2017

Minimum wage

Since 2017, Kentucky law has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Kentucky’s state minimum wage. But the Kentucky Supreme Court had already effectively banned local minimum wage increases even before the preemption law was passed: In 2016, the Court had struck down minimum wage increases passed in Lexington and Louisville, ruling that those cities did not have the authority to pass a minimum wage that is different than the state’s.

Law: HB3, 2016 Reg. Sess. (KY. 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Matt Bevin (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

 

2017

Prevailing wage

Since 2017, Kentucky has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring city/county contractors to pay workers a prevailing wage.

Law: HB3, 2016 Reg. Sess. (KY. 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Matt Bevin (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2017

Paid leave

Since 2017, Kentucky has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees with any “fringe benefit,” such as paid leave.

Law: HB3, 2016 Reg. Sess. (KY. 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Matt Bevin (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Louisiana 1997

Minimum wage

Since 1997, Louisiana has prohibited its cities and parishes from establishing local minimum wages above the federal minimum wage, which applies because Louisiana has no state minimum wage.

Law: La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 23:642

Passed: 1997

By: Gov. Murphy J. Foster Jr. (R) and a Democratic majority state legislature

 

2012

Paid leave

Since 2012, Louisiana has prohibited its cities and parishes from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 23:642

Passed: 2012

By: Gov. Bobby Jindal (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Michigan 2015

Minimum wage

Since 2015, Michigan has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Michigan’s state minimum wage.

Law: Mich. Comp. Laws § 123.1385

Passed: 2015

By: Gov. Rick Snyder (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

 

 

2015

Fair schedules

Since 2015, Michigan has prohibited its cities and counties from establishing any laws governing work schedules—such as laws requiring employers to give advance notice of work schedules or pay a premium for requiring workers to be “on call” for shifts. These laws are often referred to as “fair work scheduling” laws.

Law: Mich. Comp. Laws § 123.1389

Passed: 2015

By: Gov. Rick Snyder (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2015

Prevailing wage

Since 2015, Michigan has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring city/county contractors to pay workers a prevailing wage.

Law: Mich. Comp. Laws § 123.1386

Passed: 2015

By: Gov. Rick Snyder (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2015

Paid leave

Since 2015, Michigan has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: Mich. Comp. Laws § 123.1388, § 123.1391

Passed: 2015

By: Gov. Rick Snyder (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Mississippi 2013

Minimum wage

Since 2013, Mississippi has prohibited its cities and counties from establishing local minimum wages above the federal minimum wage, which applies because Mississippi has no state minimum wage.

Law: Miss. Code Ann. § 17-1-51

Passed: 2013

By: Gov. Phil Bryant (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

 

2014

Project labor agreements

Since 2014, Mississippi has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring city/county contractors to abide by project labor agreements.

Law: Miss. Code. Ann. § 71-15-9

Passed: 2014

By: Gov. Phil Bryant (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2013

Paid leave

Since 2013, Mississippi has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: Miss. Code Ann. § 17-1-51

Passed: 2013

By: Gov. Phil Bryant (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Missouri 2015, with an amendment passed in 2017 to remove the exemption that had protected St. Louis’s existing minimum wage ordinance

Minimum wage

Since 2015, Missouri has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Missouri’s state minimum wage, but the 2015 law did not nullify local minimum wage ordinances that were in existence at the time, such as an ordinance in St. Louis. In 2017, Missouri amended its preemption law, adding a provision to retroactively nullify any existing local minimum wage increases, including the increase in St. Louis. A minimum wage increase in Kansas City—passed by local referendum in 2017—was also prevented from going into effect.

Law: Mo. HB 1193 & 1194

Passed: 2015, with an amendment passed in 2017 to remove the exemption that had protected St. Louis’s existing minimum wage ordinance

By: (2015 law) A Republican majority state legislature, who overrode Gov. Jay Nixon’s (D) veto to pass the law on September 16, 2015; (2017 amendment) Gov. Eric Greitens (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

 

2017

Project labor agreements

Since 2017, Missouri has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring city/county contractors to abide by project labor agreements.

Law: Missouri S.B. 182

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Eric Greitens (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2015

Paid leave

Since 2015, Missouri has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 285.055.1

Passed: 2015

By: A Republican majority state legislature, who overrode Gov. Jay Nixon’s (D) veto to pass the law

North Carolina 2016

Minimum wage

Since 2016, North Carolina has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above North Carolina’s state minimum wage.

Law: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 95-25.1

Passed: 2016

By: Gov. Pat McCrory (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

2016

Paid leave

Since 2016, North Carolina has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 95-25.1

Passed: 2016

By: Gov. Pat McCrory (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Ohio 2016

Minimum wage

Since 2016, Ohio has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Ohio’s state minimum wage.

Law: Ohio Rev. Code § 4111.02

Passed: 2016

By: Gov. John Kasich (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

 

 2016

Fair schedules

Since 2016, Ohio has prohibited its cities and counties from establishing any laws governing work schedules—such as laws requiring employers to give advance notice of work schedules or pay a premium for requiring workers to be “on call” for shifts. These laws are often referred to as “fair work scheduling” laws.

Law: Ohio Rev. Code § 4113.85

Passed: 2016

By: Gov. John Kasich (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2016

Paid leave

Since 2016, Ohio has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: Ohio Rev. Code § 4113.85

Passed: 2016

By: Gov. John Kasich (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Oklahoma 2014

Minimum wage

Since 2014, Oklahoma has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Oklahoma’s state minimum wage.

Law: Okla. Stat. tit. 40, Ch. 5 § 160

Passed: 2014

By: Gov. Mary Fallin (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

2014

Paid leave

Since 2014, Oklahoma has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: Okla. Stat. tit. 40, Ch. 5 § 160

Passed: 2014

By: Gov. Mary Fallin (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Oregon 2001

Minimum wage

Since 2001, Oregon has prohibited its cities and counties from establishing minimum wages above the state’s minimum wage.

Law: Or. Rev. Stat. § 653.017

Passed: 2001

By: Gov. John Kitzhaber (D) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

2015

Paid leave

In 2015, Oregon passed a law requiring employers statewide to provide paid sick leave. However, the law also prohibited cities and counties from establishing paid sick leave requirements that differ from the state standards.

Law: Or. Rev. Stat. § 653.661

Passed: 2015

By: Gov. Kate Brown (D) and a Democratic majority state legislature

Pennsylvania 2006

Minimum wage

Since 2006, Pennsylvania has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Pennsylvania’s state minimum wage.

Law: 43 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 333.114a

Passed: 2006

By: Gov. Ed Rendell (D) and a Republican majority state legislature

Rhode Island 2014

Minimum wage

Since 2014, Rhode Island has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Rhode Island’s state minimum wage.

Law: R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 28-12-25

Passed: 2014

By: Gov. Lincoln Chafee (D) and a Democratic majority state legislature

2017

Paid leave

In 2017, Rhode Island passed a law requiring employers statewide to provide paid sick leave. However, the law also prohibited cities and counties from establishing paid sick leave requirements that differ from the state standards.

Law:  R.I. H. 5413 Substitute B (Reg. Session 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Gina Raimondo (D) and a Democratic majority state legislature

South Carolina 2002

Minimum wage

Since 2002, South Carolina has prohibited its cities and counties from establishing local minimum wages above the federal minimum wage, which applies because South Carolina has no state minimum wage.

Law: S.C. Code Ann. § 6-1-130

Passed: 2002

By: Gov. Jim Hodges (D) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

2017

Paid leave

Since 2017, South Carolina has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: S. Carolina S. 218 (Reg. Session 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Henry McMaster (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Tennessee 2013

Minimum wage

Since 2013, Tennessee has prohibited its cities and counties from establishing local minimum wages above the federal minimum wage, which applies because Tennessee has no state minimum wage.

Law: Tenn. Code Ann. § 50-2-112

Passed: 2013

By: Gov. Bill Haslam (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

 

 

2017

Fair schedules

Since 2017, Tennessee has prohibited its cities and counties from establishing any laws governing work schedules—such as laws requiring employers to give advance notice of work schedules or pay a premium for requiring workers to be “on call” for shifts. These laws are often referred to as “fair work scheduling” laws.

Law: Tenn. S.B. 0262 (Pub. Ch. 107)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Bill Haslam (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2013

Prevailing wage

Since 2013, Tennessee has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring city/county contractors to pay workers a prevailing wage.

Law: Tenn. Code Ann. § 50-2-112

Passed: 2013

By: Gov. Bill Haslam (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

2013

Paid leave

Since 2013, Tennessee has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave.

Law: Tenn. Code Ann. § 7-51-1802

Passed: 2013

By: Gov. Bill Haslam (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Texas 2003

Minimum wage

Since 2003, Texas has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Texas’s state minimum wage.

Law: Tex. Labor Code Ann. § 62.0515

Passed: 2003

By: Gov. Rick Perry (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Utah  2001

Minimum wage

Since 2001, Utah has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Utah’s state minimum wage.

Law: Utah Code § 34-40-106

Passed: 2001

By: Gov. Mike Leavitt (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

2001

Prevailing wage

Since 2001, Utah has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring city/county contractors to pay workers a prevailing wage.

Law: Utah Code § 34-40-106

Passed: 2001

By: Gov. Mike Leavitt (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

Wisconsin 2005

Minimum wage

Since 2005, Wisconsin has prohibited its cities and counties from raising their local minimum wages above Wisconsin’s state minimum wage.

Law: Wis. Stat. § 104.001

Passed: 2005

By: Gov. Jim Doyle (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 

 

2017

Project labor agreements

Since 2017, Wisconsin has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring city/county contractors to abide by project labor agreements.

Law: Wis. SB 3 (Reg. Session 2017)

Passed: 2017

By: Gov. Scott Walker (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

 2011

Paid leave

Since 2011, Wisconsin has prohibited its cities and counties from requiring employers to provide employees paid sick days or paid family leave. Any existing local paid leave ordinances (including an ordinance in Milwaukee) were repealed.

Law: Wis. Stat. § 103.10(1m)

Passed: 2011

By: Gov. Scott Walker (R) and a Republican majority state legislature

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Updated November 15, 2017

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