The State of Working America, 12th edition: Coming Tuesday, Sept. 11

The State of Working America is EPI’s authoritative analysis of the economic conditions of America’s workers. Visit for up-to-date numbers on the economy, updated when new data are released.

Aug. 29: Unions, inequality, and faltering middle-class wages

Figure AFigure A (continued)

Union coverage rate in the United States, 1973–2011

Source: Author's analysis of Hirsch and Macpherson (2003) and updates from the Union Membership and Coverage Database


July 24: U.S. poverty rates higher, safety net weaker than in peer countries

Figure DFigure D (continued)

Child poverty rate in selected developed countries, 2009

Note: The child poverty rate is the share of children living in households with income below half of household-size-adjusted median income.

Source: Adamson (2012, Figure 1b)

May 24: Labor force participation: Cyclical versus structural changes since the start of the Great Recession

May 2: CEO pay and the top 1%: How executive compensation and financial-sector pay have fueled income inequality

Figure AFigure A (continued)

CEO-to-worker compensation ratio, with options granted and options realized,1965–2011

Note: "Options granted" compensation series includes salary, bonus, restricted stock grants, options granted, and long-term incentive payouts for CEOs at the top 350 firms ranked by sales. "Options exercised" compensation series includes salary, bonus, restricted stock grants, options exercised, and long-term incentive payouts for CEOs at the top 350 firms ranked by sales.

Sources: Authors' analysis of data from Compustat ExecuComp database, Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Employment Statistics program, and Bureau of Economic Analysis National Income and Product Accounts Tables

April 26: The wedges between productivity and median compensation growth

”Figure”Figure (continued)

Black–white and Hispanic–white state unemployment rate ratios, 2020Q2

Black-white ratio Hispanic-white ratio
United States 1.6 1.6
Alabama 1.6 NA
Alaska NA NA
Arizona NA 1.2
Arkansas 1.5 NA
California 1.4 1.3
Colorado NA 1.8
Connecticut NA NA
Delaware 1.4 NA
Washington D.C. 4.6 NA
Florida 1.7 1.4
Georgia 1.6 1.7
Hawaii NA NA
Idaho NA 2.2
Illinois 1.6 1.8
Indiana NA NA
Iowa NA NA
Kansas NA NA
Kentucky NA NA
Louisiana 1.9 NA
Maine NA NA
Maryland 2.0 NA
Massachusetts NA 2.1
Michigan 2.0 NA
Minnesota NA NA
Mississippi 1.7 NA
Missouri 1.2 NA
Montana NA NA
Nebraska NA NA
Nevada NA 1.7
New Hampshire NA NA
New Jersey 1.4 1.8
New Mexico NA 1.2
New York 1.5 1.8
North Carolina 1.5 1.6
North Dakota NA NA
Ohio 2.0 NA
Oklahoma NA 1.4
Oregon NA 1.1
Pennsylvania 1.8 1.6
Rhode Island NA NA
South Carolina 1.9 NA
South Dakota NA NA
Tennessee 1.6 NA
Texas 2.3 1.8
Utah NA 1.1
Vermont NA NA
Virginia 1.5 2.0
Washington NA 1.5
West Virginia NA NA
Wisconsin NA NA
Wyoming NA NA


March 7: Entry-level workers’ wages fell in lost decade

Figure BFigure B (continued)

Entry-level wages of male and female college graduates

Other media outlets and blogs that have covered the data include BBC News, Forbes, Gawker, Huffington Post, In These Times, MarketPlace RadioNational Journal, PoliticoReuters, Village Voice, and the Washington Post.