Economic Indicators

State Jobs Picture

Press release

Updated August 2017

The unemployment rate and the change in the number of jobs are important indicators of state labor market health. The unemployment rate is the share of the state’s labor force that is not currently employed and is actively looking for work. Healthy job growth is growth that provides regular employment for all individuals wanting a job. 

The map below shows the current unemployment rate in each state, and the percent change in the number of jobs in each state over the preceding 12 months. Clicking on a state will also show the change in that state’s unemployment rate or change in the number of jobs over the last 3 months, 12 months, and since December 2007—the peak of the previous business cycle.

July

Current state unemployment rate and percent change in total number of jobs over last 12 months

State Current unemployment rate Change in unemployment rate in last 3 months Change in unemployment rate in last 12 months Change in unemployment rate since Dec. 2007 State unemployment rate ranking from lowest to highest Percent change in number of jobs in last 12 months Change in number of jobs in last 12 months Percent change in number of jobs in last 3 months Change in number of jobs in last 3 months Percent change in number of jobs since Dec. 2007 Change in number of jobs since Dec. 2007
Alabama 4.5% -0.9% -1.3% 0.1% 33 1.6% 31,400 0.5% 10,500 -0.3% -5,300
Alaska 7.0% 0.4% 0.3% 0.6% 51 -0.3% -1,100 0.8% 2,600 3.8% 12,000
Arizona 5.1% 0.1% -0.1% 0.7% 44 1.2% 33,300 0.1% 2,700 2.5% 65,800
Arkansas 3.4% -0.1% -0.6% -1.8% 12 2.7% 32,700 1.3% 16,000 4.3% 52,400
California 4.8% 0.0% -0.6% -1.2% 38 1.7% 276,400 0.6% 104,200 8.4% 1,306,300
Colorado 2.4% 0.1% -1.0% -1.7% 2 1.7% 43,400 0.5% 13,400 12.7% 297,900
Connecticut 5.0% 0.1% -0.1% 0.1% 42 0.7% 11,600 0.6% 10,600 -0.8% -13,100
Delaware 4.8% 0.2% 0.4% 1.1% 39 0.3% 1,300 0.0% 100 3.4% 15,100
Washington D.C. 6.4% 0.5% 0.4% 0.7% 50 2.4% 18,700 1.3% 10,400 13.9% 97,000
Florida 4.1% -0.4% -0.8% -0.8% 26 2.7% 226,200 1.0% 81,900 8.9% 702,500
Georgia 4.7% -0.3% -0.6% -0.4% 35 2.2% 96,200 0.2% 10,700 7.4% 309,500
Hawaii 2.7% 0.0% -0.3% -0.5% 3 1.2% 8,100 0.6% 3,600 4.6% 28,900
Idaho 3.0% -0.4% -0.8% -0.2% 6 2.3% 15,700 0.4% 3,100 8.6% 56,500
Illinois 4.8% 0.1% -1.0% -0.7% 40 0.6% 33,200 0.3% 19,800 1.1% 63,800
Indiana 3.1% -0.5% -1.4% -1.7% 7 0.9% 27,300 0.1% 4,300 4.1% 122,000
Iowa 3.2% 0.1% -0.5% -0.5% 10 1.0% 15,900 0.7% 10,700 4.1% 63,100
Kansas 3.7% 0.0% -0.5% -0.6% 15 -0.8% -10,800 -0.6% -8,500 1.0% 14,300
Kentucky 5.3% 0.2% 0.3% -0.2% 47 1.2% 23,300 0.2% 4,400 4.6% 85,900
Louisiana 5.3% -0.5% -0.9% 1.2% 48 0.6% 11,800 0.5% 9,500 2.4% 47,200
Maine 3.7% 0.7% -0.3% -1.2% 16 1.0% 6,300 0.4% 2,500 0.6% 3,700
Maryland 4.0% -0.3% -0.3% 0.6% 24 1.9% 51,000 0.6% 15,900 5.4% 141,000
Massachusetts 4.3% 0.4% 0.7% -0.3% 29 1.3% 45,200 0.4% 12,700 9.0% 298,900
Michigan 3.7% -1.0% -1.2% -3.6% 17 1.4% 62,400 0.1% 3,400 3.5% 148,500
Minnesota 3.7% -0.1% -0.2% -1.0% 18 2.1% 60,400 0.5% 14,100 6.9% 190,100
Mississippi 5.2% 0.2% -0.7% -0.7% 45 0.5% 5,800 0.7% 8,000 -0.6% -7,200
Missouri 3.8% -0.1% -1.0% -1.6% 19 2.0% 58,200 1.2% 33,600 3.6% 100,800
Montana 3.9% 0.1% -0.2% -0.3% 22 1.1% 5,200 -0.5% -2,500 6.0% 26,600
Nebraska 2.8% -0.2% -0.4% -0.2% 4 1.2% 12,600 0.5% 4,800 6.3% 61,400
Nevada 4.8% 0.1% -0.8% -0.3% 41 2.7% 35,700 0.7% 9,100 3.9% 50,600
New Hampshire 2.8% 0.0% -0.1% -0.7% 5 1.8% 11,900 0.2% 1,400 4.6% 30,200
New Jersey 4.2% 0.1% -0.9% -0.4% 28 1.2% 47,300 0.4% 15,600 1.1% 46,200
New Mexico 6.3% -0.4% -0.5% 2.3% 49 0.2% 2,000 -0.9% -7,800 -2.0% -17,000
New York 4.7% 0.4% -0.2% -0.2% 36 1.5% 138,100 0.7% 69,800 9.0% 785,500
North Carolina 4.1% -0.6% -0.8% -0.9% 27 1.5% 64,400 0.8% 35,300 5.9% 246,200
North Dakota 2.2% -0.5% -0.9% -0.9% 1 1.5% 6,600 1.0% 4,400 21.9% 79,400
Ohio 5.2% 0.2% 0.3% -0.5% 46 0.9% 47,500 0.5% 29,000 2.2% 120,000
Oklahoma 4.4% 0.1% -0.6% 0.8% 32 1.1% 18,200 0.9% 15,100 3.8% 60,500
Oregon 3.8% 0.1% -1.3% -1.5% 20 2.9% 53,400 0.9% 17,200 8.5% 148,500
Pennsylvania 5.0% 0.1% -0.5% 0.2% 43 1.0% 61,600 0.5% 28,100 2.4% 142,300
Rhode Island 4.3% 0.0% -1.1% -1.8% 30 1.7% 8,500 0.9% 4,400 2.3% 11,400
South Carolina 3.9% -0.4% -0.9% -1.8% 23 1.4% 29,800 0.9% 18,700 7.3% 142,700
South Dakota 3.1% 0.3% 0.2% 0.4% 8 0.4% 1,600 -0.8% -3,500 6.7% 27,200
Tennessee 3.4% -1.3% -1.4% -2.1% 13 1.7% 49,100 0.3% 9,500 7.7% 216,300
Texas 4.3% -0.7% -0.4% 0.0% 31 2.4% 293,400 0.6% 79,600 16.7% 1,764,000
Utah 3.5% 0.4% 0.1% 0.5% 14 2.5% 36,300 0.3% 4,500 16.1% 203,500
Vermont 3.1% 0.0% -0.2% -1.1% 9 0.3% 800 0.5% 1,700 2.7% 8,200
Virginia 3.8% 0.0% -0.3% 0.3% 21 1.5% 60,300 0.6% 22,300 5.3% 198,900
Washington 4.5% -0.1% -1.0% -0.3% 34 2.2% 71,300 0.3% 9,300 10.7% 321,400
West Virginia 4.7% -0.1% -1.3% 0.0% 37 0.2% 1,600 0.0% 0 -1.7% -13,100
Wisconsin 3.2% 0.0% -1.0% -1.6% 11 0.9% 26,500 -0.2% -5,500 2.7% 77,100
Wyoming 4.0% -0.3% -1.4% 1.2% 25 -1.1% -3,000 -0.9% -2,400 -5.9% -17,300

Jobs refers to the total number of jobs, part-time or full-time, in non-farm establishments.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Local Area Unemployment Statistics data

Copy the code below to embed this chart on your website.

When workers lose a job or cannot find work, they and their families lose wages and benefits, and the adverse effects may last a very long time as career trajectories are interrupted. When more workers are unemployed, it also depresses wage growth for those workers who have a job, since employers have little need to raise pay to attract or retain staff. Although the country remains on a positive trend of job growth and falling unemployment, many states still have rates of job growth that are leaving many unable to find work and paychecks failing behind. To ensure workers in every community have access to jobs and rising pay, policymakers should prioritize a full employment agenda.

Data come from the State and Regional Employment report, released monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Explore the map to see how these indicators differ across the country and read EPI’s recent research analyzing jobs and unemployment.