Women and Black and Hispanic workers are disproportionately represented in the low-wage workforce: Shares of the entire workforce and of the bottom 20% of wage earners, by gender and race/ethnicity, 2022

Group Share of the workforce Share of the bottom 20%
Men 52.0% 42.4%
Women 48.0% 57.6%
White 59.9% 51.4%
Black 12.9% 16.9%
Hispanic 18.6% 24.7%
AAPI 7.5% 5.7%

Note: AAPI refers to Asian American and Pacific Islander. Race/ethnicity categories are mutually exclusive (i.e., white non-Hispanic, Black non-Hispanic, AAPI non-Hispanic, and Hispanic any race).

Source: EPI analysis of the Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group microdata, EPI Current Population Survey Extracts, Version 1.0.37 (2023), https://microdata.epi.org.

View the underlying data on epi.org.