Industries of workers experiencing minimum wage violations

Industry Share of workers experiencing minimum wage violations
Food and drink service 25.9% 
Retail 14.8% 
Education and health 13.4%
Other industries 12.0% 
Professional and business 7.9% 
Manufacturing 5.4% 
Other leisure and hospitality 5.1% 
Transportation and utilities 4.0% 
Financial activities 3.5% 
Construction 3.2% 
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 1.8% 
Wholesale 1.7% 
Information 1.5% 

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group data, 2013–2015

Sample includes workers age 16 to 85 in the 10 most populous states: California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Michigan, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Texas.

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