Shares of workers in select industries experiencing minimum wage violations

Industry Share of workforce demographic experiencing minimum wage violations
Food and drink service 14.3% 
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 9.1% 
Leisure and hospitality, excluding food and drink 6.8%
Retail 4.7%  

Note: Industries with the highest rates of minimum wage violations are shown. Other industry-specific data can be found in Appendix Table A3.

Sample includes workers age 16 to 85 in the ten most populous states: California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Michigan, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Texas.

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group data, 2013–2015

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