Share of each citizenship status group experiencing minimum wage violations

Share of workforce demographic experiencing minimum wage violations
U.S.-born citizen 3.8%
Naturalized U.S. citizen 4.1%
Not a U.S. citizen 6.5%

Note: Sample includes workers age 16 to 85 in the 10 most populous states: California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Michigan, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Texas.

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group data, 2013–2015

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