Per-pupil state and local education spending: By voucher program status, 2007 and 2021

States without voucher programs States with voucher programs
2007 $11,211 $10,324
2021 $12,820 $10,054

Notes: States with substantial voucher programs, defined as having >1 percent of all students enrolled in 2021, include Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, North Carolina, Ohio and Wisconsin. States with smaller voucher programs are excluded from analysis.

Source: Authors’ analysis of the Census Public Elementary-Secondary Education Finances: Fiscal years 2007–2021 (

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