Income-based skills gaps are present in kindergarten: Gaps in skills between high-SES and low-SES kindergartners in 2010

In 2010
Reading 1.17
Math 1.25
Self-control 0.39
Approaches to learning 0.51

Note: SES refers to socioeconomic status.

Source: Adapted from Figure A in Emma Garcia and Elaine Weiss, Education Inequalities at the School Starting Gate: Gaps, Trends, and Strategies to Address Them, Economic Policy Institute and Broader Bolder Approach to Education, September 27, 2017.

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