The teacher weekly wage penalty is greater than 20% in 31 states: Teacher weekly wage penalty, by state

State Teacher weekly pay penalty
Colorado -37.4%
Arizona -33.2%
Virginia -32.1%
Oklahoma -31.8%
Alabama -30.9%
Missouri -30.2%
New Hampshire -28.6%
Oregon -28.5%
Georgia -28.3%
Utah -28.1%
Louisiana -27.9%
Washington -27.8%
Minnesota -27.7%
New Mexico -26.8%
North Carolina -26.1%
Idaho -26.1%
Maryland -25.8%
Tennessee -25.3%
Kansas -24.0%
Illinois -23.9%
Arkansas -23.8%
Kentucky -23.6%
Texas -23.4%
Maine -23.2%
Wisconsin -22.9%
Nebraska -21.6%
Indiana -21.6%
Michigan -20.7%
Massachusetts -20.6%
Florida -20.4%
West Virginia -20.2%
North Dakota -19.7%
Nevada -19.5%
District of Columbia -19.5%
California -19.2%
Connecticut -18.1%
Montana -17.8%
South Dakota -17.3%
Iowa -17.0%
Alaska -16.8%
Pennsylvania -15.8%
Ohio -14.4%
Mississippi -14.3%
New York -14.3%
Hawaii -14.0%
Vermont -13.2%
Delaware -11.9%
Rhode Island -9.1%
South Carolina -8.9%
Wyoming -8.6%
New Jersey -7.6%

Notes: Figure shows state-specific regression-adjusted weekly wage penalties for public school teachers (elementary, middle, and secondary) relative to their college-educated, nonteaching peers. See Allegretto and Mishel 2019, Appendix A, for more details on data and methodology.

Figure reports state-specific regression-adjusted teacher weekly wage penalties: how much less, in percentage terms, public school teachers (elementary, middle, and secondary) earn in weekly wages relative to their college-educated, nonteaching peers. College-educated workers refers to workers who have a bachelor’s degree or more education. The dependent variable is (log) weekly wages with indicator controls on public school teacher, public school teacher interacted with each state (relevant estimate), private school teacher, gender, and married, along with indicator sets on education (M.A., professional degree, Ph.D.) and race/ethnicity (Black, Hispanic, other); also included are age as a quartic, state fixed effects. See Allegretto and Mishel 2019, Appendix A, for more details on data and methodology.

Source: Author’s analysis of pooled 2017–2022 Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group data accessed via the EPI Current Population Survey Extracts, Version Version 1.0.41 (EPI 2023a), https://microdata.epi.org.

View the underlying data on epi.org.