Composition of U.S. workforce by nativity and region, 2015–2017 average

U.S.-born  Foreign-born
Great Lakes 86.99% 13.01
Manufacturing Southeast 90.69 9.31
California 67.61 32.39
Texas 77.47 22.53
Other Northeast 80.07 19.93
Other Southeast 82.00 18.00
Other Midwest 93.30 6.70
Other Pacific 83.40 16.60
Other West 85.03 14.97

Notes: Calculations reflect pooled data for 2015 through 2017 to ensure sufficient sample sizes. See Table 3 for a list of the states in each region.

Region States
Great Lakes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin
Manufacturing Southeast Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee
California California
Texas Texas
Other Northeast Connecticut, Delaware, District Of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Vermont
Other Southeast Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Virginia, West Virginia
Other Midwest Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska,  North Dakota, South Dakota
Other Pacific Alaska, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington
Other West Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group microdata

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