Composition of U.S. workforce by union status and region, 2015–2017 average

Nonunion  Union
Great Lakes 83.54% 16.46
Manufacturing Southeast 93.85 6.15
California 82.85 17.15
Texas 94.45 5.55
Other Northeast 85.47 14.53
Other Southeast 92.98 7.02
Other Midwest 90.24 9.76
Other Pacific 81.59 18.41
Other West 91.35 8.65

Notes: Calculations reflect pooled data for 2015 through 2017 to ensure sufficient sample sizes. See Table 3 for a list of the states in each region.

Region States
Great Lakes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin
Manufacturing Southeast Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee
California California
Texas Texas
Other Northeast Connecticut, Delaware, District Of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Vermont
Other Southeast Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Virginia, West Virginia
Other Midwest Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska,  North Dakota, South Dakota
Other Pacific Alaska, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington
Other West Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group microdata

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