Union impact on paid leave, pension, and health benefits

Paid leave Pension and retirement Health insurance
Union impact on benefit incidence 3.2% 22.5% 18.3%
Union impact on benefit cost per hour
Total impact 11.4% 56.0% 77.4%
Impact of greater incidence 3.4 28.4 24.7
Impact of better benefit 8.0 27.7 52.7

Source: Pierce (1999) and Mishel and Walters (2003, Table 3)

View the underlying data on epi.org.