SWA2014-Poverty | Table 7.3 | Impact of changes in U.S. economic and demographic composition on the poverty rate, selected periods, 1979–2010

1979–1989 1989–2000 2000–2007 1979–2007 2007–2010
Actual change in poverty rate 1.2 -1.5 1.2 0.8 2.6
Change due to demographic shifts -0.2 -0.6 -0.1 -0.8 0.3
Racial composition 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.9 0.0
Educational composition -1.2 -1.1 -0.4 -2.7 0.2
Family structure 0.7 0.4 0.3 1.4 0.2
Change due to economic shifts 1.4 -0.9 1.2 1.7 2.3
Income change -1.8 -2.1 0.1 -3.8 0.4
Income inequality 3.2 1.2 1.1 5.5 1.9

Note: Data may not sum due to rounding and the effect of the interactions between demographic characteristics, explained in the table note.

Source: Authors' analysis of Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement microdata. Analysis based on Danziger and Gottschalk (1995)

View the underlying data on epi.org.