Impact of changes in U.S. economic and demographic composition on the poverty rate, 1979–2013

Income inequality 7.1
Income growth -3.4
Educational composition -2.9
Family structure 1.6
Racial composition 1.1
Interaction -0.5

Note: The bars show by how much the poverty rate increased or decreased due to rising income inequality, income growth across the income distribution, and changes in the education levels, family structures, and racial composition of the U.S. population.

Source: Authors' analysis of Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement microdata. Analysis based on Danziger and Gottschalk (1995).

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