Change in state unemployment rates by race and ethnicity from 2020 Q1 to 2023 Q4 (percentage points)

State All White Black Hispanic AAPI
United States -0.1 -0.2 -0.4 0.2 0.1
Alabama -0.9 -0.8 -1.5 -0.8* -0.6*
Alaska -1.0 -1.0 -2.0* -0.7* -0.3
Arizona -0.6 -0.5 -0.7* -0.5 -0.9*
Arkansas -0.7 -0.9 -1.0 -0.2* -0.4*
California 0.2 0.6 0.5 -0.1 -0.1
Colorado 0.2 -0.0 0.7* 0.8 0.3*
Connecticut -0.2 -0.5 -0.6* 0.6 -0.0*
Delaware 0.1 0.8 -2.5 0.8* 0.3*
District of Columbia -0.6 0.1 -1.6 0.2 -0.3*
Florida -0.4 -0.2 -1.7 -0.1 -0.4*
Georgia -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2* -0.0*
Hawaii 0.7 0.3 0.9* 1.1* 0.7
Idaho 0.5 0.2 0.6* 1.0 0.6*
Illinois 0.5 0.4 2.0 0.1 0.1
Indiana 0.2 -0.3 1.9 0.8* 0.3*
Iowa 0.6 0.6 0.7* 0.9* 0.6*
Kansas -0.4 -0.2 -1.1* -0.2* -0.2*
Kentucky 0.2 -0.6 3.2 0.5* 0.3*
Louisiana -1.9 -0.6 -4.5 -2.8 -1.3*
Maine -0.2 0.0 -0.5* -0.0* -0.0*
Maryland -1.7 -1.7 -2.2 -1.7* -0.9*
Massachusetts 0.2 -0.1 0.9 0.2 1.2
Michigan 0.5 0.5 -0.6 0.5 0.5*
Minnesota -0.4 -0.5 -1.0* -0.3* -0.2*
Mississippi -2.5 -0.8 -5.6 -2.7* -1.8*
Missouri -0.2 -0.4 0.4 0.0* -0.0*
Montana -0.5 -0.7 -1.0* -0.4* -0.3*
Nebraska -1.2 -1.0 -2.2* -1.6* -0.9*
Nevada 0.1 -0.5 0.6 0.6 0.0
New Hampshire -0.3 -0.1 -0.7* -0.2* -0.1*
New Jersey 0.6 0.7 1.7 0.1 0.1
New Mexico -1.5 -1.0 -3.3* -1.7 -1.0*
New York 0.2 -0.4 0.9 1.2 1.3
North Carolina -0.4 -0.3 -0.4 -1.9 -0.2*
North Dakota -0.3 -0.4 -0.5* -0.2* -0.2*
Ohio -0.9 -0.5 -2.3 -1.1* -0.6*
Oklahoma 0.1 0.3 0.1* 0.2 0.2*
Oregon 0.0 0.1 -0.2* 0.5 -0.4*
Pennsylvania -1.3 -0.9 -4.4 -1.7 -0.8*
Rhode Island -0.7 -0.9 -1.4* -0.5 -0.4*
South Carolina 0.0 -0.3 0.6 0.3* 0.2*
South Dakota -0.5 0.2 -1.0* -0.4* -0.3*
Tennessee -0.1 0.1 -1.5 0.6* 0.1*
Texas 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.5
Utah 0.3 -0.2 0.2* 1.0 0.3*
Vermont -0.2 -0.2 -0.4* -0.0* -0.0*
Virginia -0.1 -0.2 0.8 -0.3 -0.2*
Washington -0.3 0.0 -0.7* 0.1 -0.3
West Virginia -1.1 -1.0 -1.7* -1.0* -0.7*
Wisconsin 0.3 0.1 0.3* 1.0* 0.3*
Wyoming -1.7 -1.7 -3.0* 0.6 -1.2*

Notes: Unemployment rates for each demographic group are produced from a weighted average of state and national unemployment trends. Those states and demographic groups with typically small sample sizes require a heavier weighting of national-level data to supplement their analysis, and are noted as such with an asterisk (*). See methodological note for more detail. 

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) data and Current Population Survey (CPS) data.

View the underlying data on epi.org.