State unemployment rates, by race/ethnicity and overall, 2023 Q4

State All White Black Hispanic AAPI
United States 3.7% 3.0% 5.8% 4.8% 3.1%
Alabama 2.4% 2.0% 3.2% 3.1%* 2.0%*
Alaska 4.4% 2.5% 6.9%* 5.2%* 3.5%
Arizona 4.3% 3.5% 6.8%* 4.7% 3.2%*
Arkansas 3.3% 2.8% 5.4% 4.1%* 2.7%*
California 4.9% 4.5% 7.1% 5.4% 4.1%
Colorado 3.3% 2.8% 5.4%* 4.8% 2.8%*
Connecticut 3.6% 3.0% 5.7%* 5.2% 3.0%*
Delaware 4.2% 3.7% 5.2% 5.2%* 3.5%*
Florida 2.9% 2.4% 4.5% 3.1% 2.0%*
Georgia 3.4% 2.2% 5.7% 3.8%* 2.8%*
Hawaii 2.9% 2.7% 4.5%* 4.0%* 2.7%
Idaho 3.3% 2.8% 5.1%* 4.6% 2.7%*
Illinois 4.7% 3.7% 10.7% 4.8% 3.0%
Indiana 3.6% 2.8% 6.7% 4.9%* 3.0%*
Iowa 3.2% 2.7% 5.6%* 4.3%* 2.7%*
Kansas 2.9% 2.7% 4.6%* 3.7%* 2.4%*
Kentucky 4.3% 3.3% 9.4% 5.4%* 3.5%*
Louisiana 3.5% 2.9% 4.5% 4.1% 2.9%*
Maine 3.0% 2.9% 4.7%* 3.8%* 2.5%*
Maryland 1.8% 1.1% 2.7% 2.3%* 1.6%*
Massachusetts 3.0% 2.6% 4.7% 4.2% 2.7%
Michigan 4.2% 3.8% 6.2% 5.0% 3.5%*
Minnesota 3.1% 2.8% 4.6%* 3.9%* 2.5%*
Mississippi 3.3% 2.5% 4.5% 4.2%* 2.7%*
Missouri 3.2% 2.6% 6.0% 4.1%* 2.7%*
Montana 3.0% 2.5% 4.7%* 3.8%* 2.5%*
Nebraska 2.3% 1.7% 3.5%* 3.0%* 1.9%*
Nevada 5.4% 4.5% 9.0% 5.3% 5.0%
New Hampshire 2.3% 2.3% 3.6%* 2.9%* 1.9%*
New Jersey 4.7% 4.0% 8.1% 4.8% 3.8%
New Mexico 3.9% 3.0% 5.2%* 4.3% 3.2%*
New York 4.3% 3.1% 7.4% 6.5% 3.1%
North Carolina 3.5% 2.8% 5.4% 3.7% 2.9%*
North Dakota 1.9% 1.6% 3.1%* 2.4%* 1.6%*
Ohio 3.6% 3.2% 5.8% 5.0%* 3.0%*
Oklahoma 3.3% 2.9% 5.6%* 4.0% 2.7%*
Oregon 3.6% 3.6% 5.7%* 4.6% 2.7%*
Pennsylvania 3.4% 3.1% 4.5% 5.0% 2.8%*
Rhode Island 2.9% 2.2% 4.6%* 4.9% 2.4%*
South Carolina 3.0% 2.2% 4.6% 3.8%* 2.5%*
South Dakota 2.0% 1.6% 3.1%* 2.5%* 1.7%*
Tennessee 3.4% 2.9% 5.1% 4.6%* 2.8%*
Texas 4.1% 2.8% 6.0% 5.1% 2.3%
Utah 2.8% 2.3% 4.3%* 3.8% 2.3%*
Vermont 2.1% 2.1% 3.3%* 2.7%* 1.7%*
Virginia 2.9% 2.3% 4.8% 3.5% 2.2%*
Washington 4.0% 3.9% 5.9%* 5.5% 2.7%
Washington D.C. 5.0% 2.1% 9.9% 4.6% 4.2%*
West Virginia 4.2% 4.0% 7.0%* 5.3%* 3.5%*
Wisconsin 3.3% 2.5% 6.1%* 4.9%* 2.7%*
Wyoming 3.0% 2.3% 4.6%* 5.3% 2.5%*

Notes: AAPI stands for Asian American and Pacific Islander. Unemployment rates for each demographic group are produced from a weighted average of state and national unemployment trends. Those states and demographic groups with typically small sample sizes require a heavier weighting of national-level data to supplement their analysis. See methodological note for more detail. 

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) data and Current Population Survey (CPS) data.

View the underlying data on epi.org.