Number of jobs displaced by U.S. trade deficit with Japan, 2013

Direct and indirect jobs 560,400
Direct jobs 148,400
Indirect jobs 412,000
Respending jobs 336,200
Total 896,600

Source: Author's analysis of Bivens (2014), U.S. Census Bureau (2013), U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC 2015), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS 2014a), and BLS Employment Projections program (BLS-EP 2014a, 2014b, and 2014c).  For a more detailed explanation of data sources and computations, see the appendix.

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