Share of poor vs. high-income children who are chronically absent, by grade

Poor High-income
Kindergarten 21.4% 5.4%
1st grade 14.8% 4.1%
3rd grade 9.1% 3.5%
5th grade 10.5% 2.0%

Note: ‘‘Poor’’ children are defined as those whose family income falls below the poverty threshold. ‘‘High-income’’ children are in families with incomes that are greater than 300 percent of the poverty threshold.

Source: Adapted from Romero and Lee (2007, Figure 2)

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