As manufacturing lost about five million jobs in two decades, the low-wage service sector gained almost 30 million jobs: Change in U.S. employment overall and for construction, manufacturing, and service industries (millions), 1998–2019

Job Change, 98-2019 (millions)
Construction 1.3
Manufacturing -4.7
Services 28.2
Total employment 25.1

Note: Construction, manufacturing, and services sectors are responsible for the vast majority (99.2% in 2019) of total nonfarm employment (see Appendix Table 1).

Source: Economic Policy Institute (EPI) Analysis of Employment Projections program data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS-EP 2020)

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