Union effects on nonunion, non–college degree private-sector wages, 1979–2013: Comparison of high-, mid-, and low-range estimates (2013 dollars)
Notes: Sample restricted to nonunion, non–college degree full-time workers in the private sector ages 16 to 64. The mid-range estimates are drawn from the analyses presented in Figure D; the high-range estimates come from models that remove the employment demand control; and we calculate two sets of low-range estimates: (1) models include industry fixed effects (but remove the manufacturing control) and (2) models include industry-region fixed effects (removing the manufacturing and region controls). See the text and Methodological Appendix for details on the analysis.
Source: Authors’ compilations from the Current Population Survey (CPS) May Supplement microdata and CPS Outgoing Rotation Group microdata.