White voters have historically had larger voter turnout rates than Black voters: White-Black voter turnout gap, presidential and midterm election years, 1980–2020

Year White/non-Hispanic – Black Gap
1980 12.3
1982 7.9
1984 5.8
1986 5.2
1988 9.2
1990 8.9
1992 11.0
1994 12.1
1996 7.7
1998 5.6
2000 5.0
2002 6.8
2004 7.2
2006 10.6
2008 1.4
2010 5.1
2012 -2.1
2014 6.1
2016 5.9
2018 6.4
2020 8.3

Notes: Race and ethnicity are mutually exclusive (i.e., white non-Hispanic, Black non-Hispanic, and Hispanic any race). The voter turnout gap is the difference between the registration rates and voter turnout rates of white non-Hispanic citizens and Black citizens. Black is a single race category and does not distinguish Hispanic ethnicity from non-Hispanic ethnicity. The white voter turnout rate is of non-Hispanic white citizens.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, November 1964–2020.

View the underlying data on epi.org.