While the Black imprisonment rate has decreased, Black people are still five times as likely as white people to be imprisoned: Imprisonment rates per 100,000 U.S. residents by race and ethnicity, 2009–2019

Year White Black Hispanic
2009 245 1544 694
2010 245 1500 672
2011 240 1447 660
2012 236 1383 636
2013 236 1354 626
2014 233 1305 605
2015 228 1247 586
2016 223 1206 585
2017 221 1169 569
2018 218 1134 549
2019 214 1096 525

Note: Race and ethnicity categories are mutually exclusive (i.e., white non-Hispanic, Black non-Hispanic, and Hispanic any race).

Source: Economic Policy Institute analysis of Bureau of Justice Statistics Federal Justice Statistics, 2019, Table 6.

Economic Policy Institute analysis of U.S Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, “Table 6. Imprisonment Rates of U.S. Adults, Based on Sentenced Prisoners under the Jurisdiction of State or Federal Correctional Authorities, By Jurisdiction, Sex, Race or Ethnicity, 2009–2019” (downloadable data table) from Federal Justice Statistics, 2019, October 2021.

View the underlying data on epi.org.