Simulated change in 2013 market-based poverty rate, by race and ethnicity, if wages had increased at same rate as productivity growth over 1979–2013

Age 18–64 Children
White -1.472 -2.112
Black -3.627 -4.951
Hispanic -4.278 -6.493


Note: Race/ethnicity categories are mutually exclusive (i.e., white non-Hispanic, black non-Hispanic, and Hispanic any race). The simulation assumes that wages increased in tandem with growth in "usable" productivity. See the technical appendix for details.

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) microdata

View the underlying data on