Poverty rate, by race and ethnicity, 1973–2013

White Black Hispanic
1973-01-01 7.5% 31.4% 21.9%
1974-01-01 7.7% 30.3% 23.0%
1975-01-01 8.6% 31.3% 26.9%
1976-01-01 8.1% 31.1% 24.7%
1977-01-01 8.0% 31.3% 22.4%
1978-01-01 7.9% 30.6% 21.6%
1979-01-01 8.1% 31.0% 21.8%
1980-01-01 9.1% 32.5% 25.7%
1981-01-01 9.9% 34.2% 26.5%
1982-01-01 10.6% 35.6% 29.9%
1983-01-01 10.8% 35.7% 28.0%
1984-01-01 10.0% 33.8% 28.4%
1985-01-01 9.7% 31.3% 29.0%
1986-01-01 9.4% 31.1% 27.3%
1987-01-01 8.7% 32.4% 28.0%
1988-01-01 8.4% 31.3% 26.7%
1989-01-01 8.3% 30.7% 26.2%
1990-01-01 8.8% 31.9% 28.1%
1991-01-01 9.4% 32.7% 28.7%
1992-01-01 9.6% 33.4% 29.6%
1993-01-01 9.9% 33.1% 30.6%
1994-01-01 9.4% 30.6% 30.7%
1995-01-01 8.5% 29.3% 30.3%
1996-01-01 8.6% 28.4% 29.4%
1997-01-01 8.6% 26.5% 27.1%
1998-01-01 8.2% 26.1% 25.6%
1999-01-01 7.7% 23.6% 22.7%
2000-01-01 7.4% 22.5% 21.5%
2001-01-01 7.8% 22.7% 21.4%
2002-01-01 8.0% 24.1% 21.8%
2003-01-01 8.2% 24.4% 22.5%
2004-01-01 8.7% 24.7% 21.9%
2005-01-01 8.3% 24.9% 21.8%
2006-01-01 8.2% 24.3% 20.6%
2007-01-01 8.2% 24.5% 21.5%
2008-01-01 8.6% 24.7% 23.2%
2009-01-01 9.4% 25.8% 25.3%
2010-01-01 9.9% 27.4% 26.5%
2011-01-01 9.8% 27.6% 25.3%
2012-01-01 9.7% 27.2% 25.6%
2013-01-01 9.6% 27.2% 23.5%

 

Note: Shaded areas denote recessions.

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement Historical Poverty Tables (Tables 2 and 23)

View the underlying data on epi.org.