Change in real annual average household income, by income group, 1979–2011

All households  Bottom fifth  Middle fifth 81st–90th percentile  91st–95th percentile  96th–99th percentile Top 1 percent
1979-01-01 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
1980-01-01 -3.2% -3.2% -3.7% -2.8% -2.1% -3.8% -4.8%
1981-01-01 -3.4% -5.4% -4.7% -3.5% -2.6% -5.3% -5.4%
1982-01-01 -4.0% -6.9% -7.0% -3.9% -3.9% -5.3% -0.8%
1983-01-01 -3.4% -9.7% -8.5% -2.9% -1.3% -2.4% 8.8%
1984-01-01 2.0% -6.1% -3.6% 3.1% 6.2% 5.5% 20.1%
1985-01-01 3.7% -5.4% -3.3% 2.5% 5.7% 6.8% 28.4%
1986-01-01 11.3% -4.5% -0.8% 8.0% 11.3% 17.2% 68.4%
1987-01-01 7.6% -5.4% -1.5% 9.0% 13.2% 15.8% 36.0%
1988-01-01 12.3% -2.4% 0.2% 10.5% 15.1% 20.2% 70.6%
1989-01-01 13.4% 1.0% 1.3% 12.2% 17.5% 22.3% 59.1%
1990-01-01 12.2% 5.4% 1.2% 10.2% 14.3% 18.4% 52.8%
1991-01-01 9.5% 6.7% -0.5% 8.3% 13.1% 15.8% 36.7%
1992-01-01 12.6% 7.9% 0.1% 9.8% 15.3% 20.3% 55.1%
1993-01-01 13.3% 9.6% 1.0% 11.2% 16.4% 20.9% 49.1%
1994-01-01 14.6% 10.1% 1.4% 13.2% 18.3% 23.6% 53.5%
1995-01-01 19.1% 14.8% 4.5% 16.3% 21.5% 29.7% 70.6%
1996-01-01 22.9% 13.6% 5.6% 18.0% 25.4% 34.4% 87.7%
1997-01-01 27.7% 15.3% 7.1% 20.4% 29.4% 42.9% 115.4%
1998-01-01 33.8% 19.5% 9.5% 24.6% 34.2% 50.1% 143.0%
1999-01-01 39.3% 20.4% 12.2% 28.7% 39.1% 56.2% 163.4%
2000-01-01 41.5% 16.7% 11.6% 30.4% 42.2% 59.5% 186.9%
2001-01-01 34.2% 19.5% 13.1% 28.1% 37.2% 49.4% 126.8%
2002-01-01 28.6% 17.0% 10.5% 26.1% 34.5% 43.2% 100.6%
2003-01-01 30.6% 15.7% 10.4% 27.3% 36.8% 47.8% 112.8%
2004-01-01 38.2% 18.6% 14.4% 32.1% 41.6% 56.7% 153.5%
2005-01-01 45.0% 21.7% 15.6% 34.4% 46.6% 68.3% 205.5%
2006-01-01 49.5% 25.7% 16.3% 37.1% 49.6% 72.6% 229.1%
2007-01-01 53.2% 29.4% 19.5% 38.9% 53.0% 78.2%  244.6%
2008-01-01 41.3% 26.4% 15.1% 35.1% 46.6% 63.0% 178.6%
2009-01-01 34.0% 26.8% 13.7% 32.7% 43.4% 53.6% 118.8%
2010-01-01 37.7% 27.8% 13.9% 33.4% 45.9% 59.0% 153.8%
2011-01-01 35.9% 26.9% 11.9% 33.3% 45.5% 60.9% 149.1%

 

Note: Data are for comprehensive income. Shaded areas denote recessions.

Source: EPI analysis of data from the Congressional Budget Office (2014)

View the underlying data on epi.org.