New York City construction occupation employment by race/ethnicity in union and nonunion sectors, 2006–2015

Construction occupations*
Union Nonunion
Race/ethnicity Share of total Share of total
All 100.0% 100.0%
Non-Hispanic white 44.9% 24.7%
All minorities 55.1% 75.3%
Black 21.2% 15.8%
Hispanic*** 30.5% 48.6%
All others 3.4% 11.0%

* Construction occupations in the construction sector, excluding extraction occupations
** All installation, maintenance and repair; production; transportation and material moving; construction and extraction occupations, but excluding construction occupations in construction industry
*** Hispanics excluding Blacks

Source: Author's analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group microdata, 2006–2015

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