Workers in three low-paying industries receive over half of worker public assistance dollars: Total value of public assistance benefits going to workers or their families, by major industry (billions of 2014 dollars)

Occupation Total (in billions)
Educational, health, and social services $ 24.947
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services $ 20.896 
Retail trade $ 18.585 
Professional, scientific, mgmt., admin., and waste mgmt. services  $ 12.148 
Manufacturing  $ 10.908 
Construction  $ 8.886 
Other services (except public administration) $ 7.197 
Transportation and utilities  $ 5.521 
Financial, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing $4.084 
Public administration $2.680 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting $2.679 
Wholesale trade $2.257 
Information $1.193 
Armed forces and active duty military $0.663 
Mining $0.504 

Note: Each industry's share of the total benefits going to workers and their families is listed in parentheses. Includes the EITC, CTC, SNAP, LIHEAP, WIC, housing assistance, and TANF/cash assistance. These data do not include the value of Medicaid. Values reflect reported benefits from all programs in this study received by workers or their families, but do not include administrative costs.

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement microdata, pooled years 2012–2014

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