Longer hours, not higher wages, have driven modest earnings growth for most American households: The impact of hours worked versus hourly wages on annual household earnings growth, 1979–2007

Percentile group Hours  Wages
Low earners (Bottom 20%) 74.4% 25.6%
Middle earners (20th-80th percentile) 60.9% 39.1%
High earners (Top 20%) 9.0% 91.3%

Source: EPI analysis of the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplment microdata

View the underlying data on epi.org.