Public- and private-sector benefits in Connecticut as a percent of pay

Public sector Private sector
Biggs* EPI** Biggs*** EPI****
Total benefits 76.9 59.8 41.3 43.4
Paid leave 10.1 11.3 12.3 11.0
Insurance 17.7 18.0 13.0 12.9
Health 17.4 15.0 12.2 12.1
Other 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.8
Retirement and savings 39.0 21.4 5.7 8.8
Defined benefit 23.5 7.6 1.4 1.9
Defined contribution 0.0 1.2 3.8 3.4
Retiree health 15.5 12.6 0.5 3.5
Legally required benefits 10.2 9.1 10.3 10.8
Social Security 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.2
Other 3.9 3.3 4.2 4.3

Note:  Figures may not sum to totals and subtotals due to rounding.

*Biggs's public-sector estimates are based on unpublished BLS statistics except his estimates for health insurance, defined benefit pensions, and retiree health benefits, shown in bold. The health insurance estimate is based on the 2013 cost reported in MacArthur Foundation and Pew Charitable Trusts (2014), divided by Biggs's estimate of the average public employee salary between 2009-2013. The defined-benefit pension cost is based on the normal cost in 2013-14 for participants in the State Employees Retirement System (Cavanaugh Macdonald Consulting 2014), adjusted for a discount rate of 5 percent. The retiree health cost is the normal cost for state employees in 2013-14 (Segal Consulting 2014).

**EPI's public-sector estimates are 2009-2013 averages of published BLS statistics for state and local government workers nationwide, including supplemental pay in wages and salaries instead of benefits, except for defined-benefit pensions, retiree health benefits, and Social Security (shown in bold). Defined-benefit pension costs are based on the weighted average normal cost for participants in the Connecticut State Employee Retirement System and the Municipal Employee Retirement System in 2013-14, based on actuarial valuations (Buck Consultants 2012 and Cavanaugh Macdonald Consulting 2012). Retiree health costs are the normal cost based on the 2013-14 actuarial valuation (Segal Consulting 2014), with earlier years assumed equal to 2011-12. The Social Security cost is adjusted for municipal employees not covered by Social Security (author’s estimate based on Buck Consultants 2012 and Cavanaugh Macdonald Consulting 2012).

Source: Published (EPI) and unpublished (Biggs) Bureau of Labor Statistics “Employer Costs for Employee Compensation” statistics, except as noted in text (exceptions shown in bold).

View the underlying data on