Manufacturing hourly wage premium*, by gender, education, and age, 1980s–2010s

Period All Men Women Non-college College or more Ages 25–34 Ages 35–44 Ages 45–54
1980s 14.7% 13.3% 14.8% 13.1% 22.8% 12.3% 12.6% 13.6%
1990s 11.9% 11.3% 11.3% 10.3% 18.1% 9.7% 10.0% 11.9%
2000s 9.4% 8.2% 10.4% 7.1% 16.3% 8.2% 7.6% 8.7%
2010s 10.4% 9.3% 11.5% 7.8% 16.7% 10.3% 7.7% 9.0%
Percentage-point change
1980s–2010s -4.3% -4.0% -3.4% -5.3% -6.1% -2.0% -4.9% -4.6%

* exp(b) -1, where b is the coefficient on manufacturing in log wage equation.

Notes: The manufacturing hourly wage premium is for workers ages 18–64 and shows how much more a manufacturing worker makes than a nonmanufacturing worker in the private sector, adjusted for gender, experience level, education level, regional division, race, and Hispanic ethnicity.

Source: Analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group data

View the underlying data on epi.org.