Estimated hourly wage penalty for part-time work by gender and race/ethnicity: How much less part-time workers earn than full-time workers (in %)
|Part-time wage penalty|
|By gender and race/ethnicity|
Notes: Part time is defined as usually working less than 35 hours per week on the primary job. The symbols *, **, and *** indicate that the wage penalty is significantly different from zero at the 0.10 level, 0.05 level, and 0.01 level, respectively, using heteroskedasticity-robust standard errors. Standard errors are available upon request from the authors. Regressions include controls for age (5), education (16), years (16), industry (13), occupation (10), and state (51).
Source: Author's analysis of 2003–2018 Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group (CPS-ORG) microdata.