Wage gaps are wider for island-born versus mainland-born Puerto Rican men: Adjusted wage gaps between Puerto Rican men and non-Hispanic white men and between third-generation Hispanic men and non-Hispanic white men, 1995–2016

Year Puerto Rican men, island-born Puerto Rican men, mainland-born Hispanic men, 3rd generation or higher
1995 16.8% 3.4% 9.8%
1996 17.6% 1.9% 9.9%
1997 16.8% 4.6% 10.2%
1998 15.9% 7.4% 9.6%
1999 16.4% 7.5% 9.9%
2000 16.2% 5.6% 9.4%
2001 14.4% 4.9% 8.9%
2002 13.2% 5.6% 8.9%
2003 12.6% 8.1% 9.1%
2004 12.3% 9.6% 9.2%
2005 12.5% 10.0% 9.8%
2006 12.1% 8.6% 9.7%
2007 13.7% 8.5% 10.3%
2008 13.4% 7.0% 9.1%
2009 14.1% 5.9% 8.7%
2010 12.0% 5.2% 8.2%
2011 12.7% 7.1% 8.7%
2012 11.1% 9.0% 9.0%
2013 11.7% 8.2% 9.2%
2014 9.6% 7.7% 8.6%
2015 13.9% 6.8% 8.3%
2016 16.0% 8.3% 8.6%

Note: The wage gap is how much less, in percent terms, the average Puerto Rican (island-born or mainland-born) man makes than the average non-Hispanic white man in general and how much less the average third-generation Hispanic man makes than the average third-generation non-Hispanic white man, with all wage gaps adjusted for education, experience, and region of residence. The wages compared are average hourly wages of full-time workers ages 18–64. Wage gaps reflect a three-year moving average, with 1994 included in the average for 1995, and 2017 included in the average for 2016.

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group microdata from the U.S. Census Bureau

View the underlying data on epi.org.