Mainland-born Puerto Rican women have substantially smaller wage gaps with non-Hispanic white men than their island-born counterparts: Adjusted wage gaps between Puerto Rican women and non-Hispanic white men and between third-generation Hispanic women and third-generation non-Hispanic white men, 1995–2016

Year Puerto Rican women, island-born Puerto Rican women, mainland-born Hispanic women, 3rd generation or higher
1995 38.5% 35.1% 29.4%
1996 35.1% 33.1% 27.7%
1997 38.0% 30.9% 27.7%
1998 34.6% 29.5% 28.1%
1999 32.2% 26.6% 28.4%
2000 28.9% 24.8% 28.3%
2001 29.8% 22.7% 28.4%
2002 32.4% 21.5% 31.0%
2003 33.5% 23.7% 29.8%
2004 35.0% 24.7% 29.4%
2005 35.2% 26.1% 29.2%
2006 34.7% 26.3% 31.4%
2007 34.4% 26.3% 30.5%
2008 33.4% 26.7% 28.2%
2009 31.9% 25.0% 25.9%
2010 31.3% 27.3% 25.0%
2011 31.8% 26.3% 27.5%
2012 34.5% 25.9% 29.2%
2013 36.2% 23.7% 30.6%
2014 34.8% 23.4% 30.0%
2015 31.4% 22.5% 30.9%
2016 29.1% 24.4% 31.4%

Note: The wage gap is how much less, in percent terms, the average Puerto Rican (island-born or mainland-born) woman makes than the average non-Hispanic white man in general and how much less the average third-generation Hispanic woman makes than the average third-generation non-Hispanic white man, with all wage gaps adjusted for education, experience, and region of residence. The wages compared are average hourly wages of full-time workers ages 18–64. Wage gaps reflect a three-year moving average, with 1994 included in the average for 1995, and 2017 included in the average for 2016.

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group microdata from the U.S. Census Bureau

View the underlying data on epi.org.