Mexican American, Puerto Rican, and Cuban American women now have similar rates of working or looking for work; Puerto Rican women have seen the most change: Labor force participation rates of Hispanic women, by national origin, 1988–2017

Year Mexican American Puerto Rican Cuban American All Hispanic women 
1988 53.9% 41.5% 54.8% 53.2%
1989 54.4% 42.9% 50.5% 53.5%
1990 52.9% 42.9% 56.3% 53.1%
1991 51.6% 46.0% 53.0% 52.4%
1992 52.3% 47.4% 50.6% 52.8%
1993 52.0% 45.5% 48.1% 52.1%
1994 52.9% 45.0% 50.9% 52.9%
1995 51.8% 47.5% 50.8% 52.6%
1996 52.8% 48.5% 53.3% 53.4%
1997 54.6% 50.5% 51.3% 55.1%
1998 54.7% 52.2% 49.3% 55.6%
1999 54.6% 55.0% 50.1% 55.9%
2000 56.2% 58.4% 52.6% 57.5%
2001 56.6% 55.5% 50.3% 57.6%
2002 57.0% 54.7% 48.1% 57.6%
2003 54.4% 55.9% 48.5% 56.0%
2004 54.1% 57.8% 51.9% 56.1%
2005 53.6% 54.9% 49.7% 55.3%
2006 54.5% 54.5% 49.9% 56.1%
2007 54.7% 56.2% 54.7% 56.5%
2008 53.9% 58.1% 53.3% 56.2%
2009 54.5% 57.1% 52.1% 56.6%
2010 54.7% 56.5% 54.5% 56.5%
2011 54.1% 55.8% 55.9% 55.9%
2012 55.1% 55.9% 60.8% 56.6%
2013 54.3% 54.4% 54.5% 55.7%
2014 55.0% 53.7% 53.9% 56.0%
2015 54.9% 54.6% 53.4% 55.7%
2016 54.5% 55.4% 55.2% 55.8%
2017 55.0% 57.2% 52.1% 56.4%

Note: The labor force participation rate is the share of civilians ages 16 and older who are employed or looking for a job.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Population Survey public data series

View the underlying data on epi.org.