Age and demographic characteristics of non-Hispanic white workers and Hispanic workers 1979—2017 and of Hispanic worker subgroups by national origin, 1994—2017

 

All
(Available 1994–2017 only)
White, non-Hispanic Hispanic Mexican American Puerto Rican Cuban American
Age 39.4 35.9 36.0 37.9 40.5
Educational distribution (share of full-time workers at each education level*)
Less than high school 7.4% 35.5% 38.0% 15.6% 10.7%
High school 33.2 31.1 31.4 34.4 31.9
Some college 27.3 20.8 20.5 30.2 25.9
Bachelor’s degree 20.7 8.7 7.5 13.8 21.7
Advanced degree 11.4 3.8 2.5 5.9 9.8
Regional distribution (share of full-time workers in each Census region)
New England 6.2% 2.0% 0.3% 10.4% 1.2%
Middle Atlantic 14.6 12.6 2.4 42.9 9.1
East North Central 18.7 6.8 8.2 8.3 2.6
West North Central 8.7 1.7 2.4 0.9 0.6
South Atlantic 17.6 12.9 5.8 25.8 75.1
East South Central 6.4 0.8 1.1 0.9 1.0
West South Central 9.5 21.4 28.7 3.5 3.1
Mountain 6.2 9.6 12.2 1.9 2.2
Pacific 12.0 32.3 39.0 5.4 5.0
(Available 1994–2017 only):
Immigrant status distribution (share of full-time workers in each category)
U.S.-born 96.1% 46.6% 47.2% 98.6% 30.7%
Foreign-born, naturalized 2.0 14.7 11.8 0.9 35.3
Foreign-born, noncitizen 1.9 38.7 41.0 0.5 34.0
Generational distribution (share of full-time workers in each category)
First generation 3.9% 53.4% 52.8% 1.4% 69.3%
Second generation 4.8 17.2 19.5 7.0 25.0
Third generation or higher 91.3 29.4 27.7 91.6 5.7
Percent of Hispanic population n.a. 100.0% 63.7% 8.5% 4.1%
Men
(Available 1994–2017 only)
White, non-Hispanic Hispanic Mexican American Puerto Rican Cuban American
Age 39.4 35.7 35.7 38.0 40.6
Educational distribution (share of full-time workers at each education level*)
Less than high school 8.6% 40.4% 43.0% 18.7% 12.8%
High school 33.4 30.3 31.2 36.4 33.1
Some college 26.2 18.5 17.6 27.5 25.0
Bachelor’s degree 20.5 7.5 6.2 12.2 19.9
Advanced degree 11.4 3.4 2.1 5.2 9.2
Regional distribution (share of full-time workers in each Census region)
New England 6.2% 1.8% 0.3% 9.6% 1.1%
Middle Atlantic 14.7 12.0 2.8 42.1 8.7
East North Central 19.1 7.0 8.4 8.8 2.6
West North Central 8.6 1.7 2.4 1.1 0.7
South Atlantic 17.2 12.4 6.5 25.8 74.5
East South Central 6.3 0.9 1.3 0.9 1.2
West South Central 9.4 21.5 27.6 3.9 3.2
Mountain 6.3 9.6 12.0 2.0 2.4
Pacific 12.1 33.0 38.6 5.8 5.6
(Available 1994–2017 only):
Immigrant status distribution (share of full-time workers in each category)
U.S.-born 95.9% 41.6% 41.0% 98.7% 29.5%
Foreign-born, naturalized 2.0 14.0 11.7 0.8 33.7
Foreign-born, noncitizen 2.1 44.4 47.3 0.5 36.8
Generational distribution (share of full-time workers in each category)
First generation 4.1% 58.4% 59.0% 1.3% 70.5%
Second generation 4.8 15.6 17.3 6.9 24.1
Third generation or higher 91.1 26.1 23.8 91.7 5.4
Percent of Hispanic population n.a. 100.0% 66.4% 7.5% 3.7%
Women
(Available 1994–2017 only)
White, non-Hispanic Hispanic Mexican American Puerto Rican Cuban American
Age 39.4 36.4 36.7 37.9 40.3
Educational distribution (share of full-time workers at each education level*)
Less than high school 5.7% 27.2% 28.6% 11.8% 7.8%
High school 33.1 32.6 31.9 32.1 30.4
Some college 28.7 24.9 26.2 33.5 27.1
Bachelor’s degree 21.0 10.8 9.9 15.9 24.0
Advanced degree 11.5 4.5 3.4 6.7 10.6
Regional distribution (share of full-time workers in each Census region)
New England 6.3% 2.4% 0.2% 11.3% 1.2%
Middle Atlantic 14.4 13.7 1.6 43.8 9.4
East North Central 18.2 6.4 7.8 7.8 2.7
West North Central 8.9 1.6 2.3 0.8 0.5
South Atlantic 18.1 13.7 4.3 25.8 76.1
East South Central 6.4 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8
West South Central 9.6 21.1 30.8 3.1 3.0
Mountain 6.1 9.5 12.6 1.7 2.0
Pacific 11.9 30.9 39.7 4.9 4.3
(Available 1994–2017 only):
Immigrant status distribution (share of full-time workers in each category)
U.S.-born 96.3% 54.9% 59.1% 98.6% 32.3%
Foreign-born, naturalized 2.0 16.1 12.0 1.0 37.6
Foreign-born, noncitizen 1.7 29.0 28.9 0.4 30.1
Generational distribution (share of full-time workers in each category)
First generation 3.7% 45.1% 40.9% 1.4% 67.7%
Second generation 4.8 19.9 23.8 7.1 26.2
Third generation or higher 91.5 35.0 35.3 91.5 6.1
Percent of Hispanic population n.a. 100.0% 59.0% 10.3% 4.7%

*Highest level of education attained

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group microdata from the U.S. Census Bureau

View the underlying data on epi.org.