Immigrant women are disproportionately concentrated in the home health care workforce: Home health care workers by citizenship status, gender, and region

Group U.S.-born women Naturalized citizen women Non-citizen women Men
Home Health Care workers 46.7% 21.5% 21.2% 10.5%
All workers 40.2% 5.2% 3.7% 50.9%
Home Health Care workers 74.1% 8.6% 9.2% 8.0%
All workers 41.8% 3.2% 3.3% 51.7%
Home Health Care workers 54.7% 15.6% 13.8% 15.9%
All workers 36.4% 5.5% 4.8% 53.4%

Notes: To ensure sufficient sample sizes, these statistics are based on pooled 2011–2020 microdata. Due to small sample size concerns, we do not report statistics for the Midwest.

We use the definition of home health care workers specified in Banerjee, Gould, and Sawo (2021). Following the methodology laid out in that study, we identify these workers by their relevant industry and occupational category combination. Home health care workers are identified in the CPS by the following occupations: nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides; personal and home care aides; home health aides; personal care aides; nursing assistants; orderlies; and psychiatric aides. These are combined with the following industry specifications: private households, home health care services, and individual and family services.

Source: Economic Policy Institute (EPI) analysis of Current Population Survey basic monthly microdata, EPI Current Population Survey Extracts, Version 1.0.31.

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