Black and Latinx women are highly concentrated in home health care in the South compared to other regions: Breakdown of all workers and home health care workers by race/ethnicity, gender, and region

Group Black women Latinx women White women Women of other races Men
Home Health Care workers 28% 22% 31% 8% 10%
All workers 6% 6% 34% 3% 51%
Home Health Care workers 43% 17% 28% 4% 8%
All workers 11% 7% 28% 2% 52%
Home Health Care workers 10% 28% 30% 16% 16%
All workers 2% 13% 24% 7% 53%

Notes: To ensure sufficient sample sizes, these statistics are based on pooled 2011–2020 microdata. Race/ethnicity categories are mutually exclusive (i.e., white non-Hispanic, Black non-Hispanic, Asian American/Pacific Islander (AAPI), and Hispanic any race).

Due to small sample size concerns, we combine Asian American/Pacific Islander (AAPI) women and women of other races, and do not report statistics for the Midwest.

We use the definition of home health care workers specified in Banerjee, Gould, and Sawo (2021). Following the methodology laid out in that study, we identify these workers by their relevant industry and occupational category combination. Home health care workers are identified in the CPS by the following occupations: nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides; personal and home care aides; home health aides; personal care aides; nursing assistants; orderlies; and psychiatric aides. These are combined with the following industry specifications: private households, home health care services, and individual and family services.

Source: Economic Policy Institute (EPI) analysis of Current Population Survey basic monthly microdata, EPI Current Population Survey Extracts, Version 1.0.31.

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